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TitleYagnopaveetha dharana vidhi
Tags Hindu Literature Hindu Philosophy Hindu Behaviour And Experience Indian Religions
File Size68.4 KB
Total Pages8
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Page 1

Om! Gam! Ganapathaye! Namaha! Om! Sri Raghavendraya Namaha! Om! Namo! BhagavatheOm! Gam! Ganapathaye! Namaha! Om! Sri Raghavendraya Namaha! Om! Namo! Bhagavathe
! Vasudevaya! Om! Ham! Hanumathe Sri Rama Doothaya Namaha!! Vasudevaya! Om! Ham! Hanumathe Sri Rama Doothaya Namaha!

YAGNOPAVEETHAM PARAMAM PAVITHRAMYAGNOPAVEETHAM PARAMAM PAVITHRAM
! Yagnopaveetham paramam pavithram Prajapatheryasahajam purasthad Aayushyamagrya! Yagnopaveetham paramam pavithram Prajapatheryasahajam purasthad Aayushyamagrya
m prathimuncha shubram Yagnopaveetham balamasthu thejah!!m prathimuncha shubram Yagnopaveetham balamasthu thejah!!

Above sloka (manthra) on Yagnopaveetham describes the sanctity, spirituality, anAbove sloka (manthra) on Yagnopaveetham describes the sanctity, spirituality, an
d sacredness of Yagnopaveetham with its benefits. It says that Yagnopaveetham isd sacredness of Yagnopaveetham with its benefits. It says that Yagnopaveetham is
"the best among those that purify, the one that has emerged along with the Brah"the best among those that purify, the one that has emerged along with the Brah
ma (Prajapathi) at the time of creation, that which bestows life and prominence,ma (Prajapathi) at the time of creation, that which bestows life and prominence,
the one that is sacred, clean and unsoiled, and the one which confers on to thethe one that is sacred, clean and unsoiled, and the one which confers on to the
wearer both knowledge and power.wearer both knowledge and power.

What is Yagnopaveetham?What is Yagnopaveetham?
Yagnopaveetham is the triple stranded sacrificial strand of thread joined by a kYagnopaveetham is the triple stranded sacrificial strand of thread joined by a k
not called Brahmagranthi that is worn by those initiated into the Gayathri recitnot called Brahmagranthi that is worn by those initiated into the Gayathri recit
al. Yagnopaveetham is a Sanskrit word. Yagna means the homa or sacred ritual andal. Yagnopaveetham is a Sanskrit word. Yagna means the homa or sacred ritual and
upaveetham means a covering. Yagnopaveetham means a sacred covering on the bodyupaveetham means a covering. Yagnopaveetham means a sacred covering on the body
without which a Yagna or a sacred ritual cannot be performed. It is called as Bwithout which a Yagna or a sacred ritual cannot be performed. It is called as B
rahmasuthram. In Telugu it is called as Jandhyam, in Tamil it is called Poonal,rahmasuthram. In Telugu it is called as Jandhyam, in Tamil it is called Poonal,
while in Kannada it is called as Janivara. In English it is called as sacred thrwhile in Kannada it is called as Janivara. In English it is called as sacred thr
ead. Yagno-pavita meansead. Yagno-pavita means thread of sacrificethread of sacrifice that symbolizes the sacrifice of ego,that symbolizes the sacrifice of ego,
anger & selfishness.anger & selfishness.

Who should wear Yagnopaveetham?Who should wear Yagnopaveetham?
In olden days both men and women used to wear Yagnopaveetham. But nowadays onlyIn olden days both men and women used to wear Yagnopaveetham. But nowadays only
men who are eligible and initiated into Gayathri Manthra wear it. Among the Varnmen who are eligible and initiated into Gayathri Manthra wear it. Among the Varn
as, Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vysya who is a dwija can wear Yagnopaveetham. They shoulas, Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vysya who is a dwija can wear Yagnopaveetham. They shoul
d start wearing from the day they are initiated into Gayathri Manthra which gened start wearing from the day they are initiated into Gayathri Manthra which gene
rally happens through a ceremony called Upanayanam.rally happens through a ceremony called Upanayanam.

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Posture of Yagnopaveetham
Generally we find three postures of wearing of Yagnopaveetham. One is Upavita wh
ere the yagnopavita is worn over the left shoulder and under the right arm. This
posture is used for performing auspicious ceremonies and sacred rituals related
to Gods. This is called Savya position. The second one is Praachinavita where,
the Yagnopavita is worn above the right shoulder and under the left arm. This po
sition is used while performing sacred rites to the Forefathers (Pitru Karya). T
his is called Apasavya position. When the yagnopavita is worn around the neck an
d over the chest in maalakara (like a garland) and is held with both thumbs in t
he region of the heart and above the naval, it is Nivita. This form is used duri
ng Rishi tarpana, sexual intercourse, answering nature called, carrying a corpse
etc. We would have observed Brahmins tie tightly their Yagnopaveetham to the ri
ght ear/left ear while attending nature calls. While it is to protect the sacred
thread becoming soiled during the course of attending nature calls, there is al
so a health element involved in it. It is said that important nerves connecting
the excretory system pass through right/left ear. When pressure is applied it he
lps in regulating the functioning of excretory organs perhaps the concept of Acu
pressure.

When to Change the Yagnopaveetham?
When once, a person starts wearing Yagnopaveetham generally it should not be rem
oved and it should be worn always (24 hours and 365 days). It is like a woman we
aring a Mangala Suthra for ever. But in practice it is not possible to wear the
same Yagnopaveetham permanently. Due to wear and tear, it may get soiled or worn
out or gets broken and needs to be changed. One should not wear a broken or wor
n out Yagnopaveetham. Apart from this it should be changed under the following c
ircumstances. On the day of Upakarma that falls in Sravana Masam once in a year,
Whenever there is Jataasoucham or Mruthaasoucham (birth/death in the family) Wh
enever one visits the Cremation Ground, or touches a Corpse, Whenever one happen
to touch a woman during her monthly periods. Whenever there is a need to change
Yagnopaveetham it should not be removed recklessly. It should be changed first
and then the worn out to be removed as per the laid down procedure.

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Technicalities of Yagnopaveetham
Colour As per the scripts it is said that the sacred thread should be white in c
olour for Brahmins, red in colour for Kshatriyas and yellow in colour for Vysyas
. But in practice we find people using Yagnopaveetham which is white in colour.
Quality As per the scripts it is said that the Yagnopaveetham should be made up
of cotton for Brahmins, silk for Kshatriyas and linen for Vysyas. But in practic
e we find people using Yagnopaveethams made from cotton. Composition Yagnopaveet
ham Navathanthu Nirmitham. It is said that Yagnopaveetham is made up of nine lay
ers of woven cotton thread spun by a virgin girl and twisted by a Brahmin reciti
ng Gayathri manthra on an auspicious day. The length of the thread used for maki
ng Yagnopaveetham as per the scripts should be 96 breadths of four fingers measu
red by ones own hand. Thickness of the thread should be of a mustard seed size.
Nowadays we dont find such observations being followed in the making of Yagnopave
ethams. Arithmetic of number 96 It is said that Gayathri Manthra has 24 letters an
d when it is added together from four Vedas it becomes 96 (24x4) that gives the
power or eligibility to the Dwija to perform Yagna or Yagas and to recite Gayath
ri Manthra. Four fingers represent the four states of the soul a man experiences
from time to time (waking, dreaming, dreamless sleep, and absolute Brahmanhood)
There is another arithmetic to this number, that is human body comprises of 25
elements, made up of three Gunas (Satwa, Rajo, Tamo). We have 16 thithis in the
calendar, 27 Stars in the Almanac, 4 Vedas, 6 Ruthus in three Seasons (summer, w
inter and monsoon), and 12 months. When all these are added together (25+3+16+27
+4+6 +3+12) it comes to 96. It is said that human life rotates around these elem
ents. Significance of Nine layers It is said that nine layers represent nine dev
athas who are the presiding deities of Yagnopaveetham. They are Pranavam (Omkara
), Agni, Anantha (Naga); Moon (Soma), Pithru Devathas, Prajapathi, Vayu, Sun (Su
rya), and all other Devathas. It is said that before wearing the Yagnopaveetham
one should offer prayer to all these nine deities.

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Brahma Granthi As per the scripts it is prescribed that the Yagnopaveetham shoul
d have knots equivalent to the number of Pravaras in ones Gothra. But in practice
we find only one knot for the Yagnopaveetham. The knot with which the three str
ands are tied together is called Brahma Granthi that signifies the ParaBrahma (P
ranavam) who is sakala Veda Swaroopa. There are many interpretations about the t
hree strands of Yagnopaveetham. It symbolizes the three trinal Lords (Brahma Vis
hnu, Maheswara) when tied together it becomes Para Brahma, three worlds (Bhu, Bh
uvar, Suvar), three feminine energies (Lakshmi, Saraswathi and Durga), and three
tatwas or qualities (Satwa, Rajo, Tamo). It is also interpreted as three strand
s representing Ida, Pingala and Sushumna nadi, through which the kundalini energ
y manifests as prana and consciousness. The three strands also indicate that one
who wears it should have a triple control over his mind speech and body (though
t, word and deed)

Dwija
Dwija mean twice born. There is no difference between one child and another at t
he time of birth. All are born out of the mother's womb only. This is the first
stage of life (Shudra). The second stage is getting the upadesa of Gayathri at t
he time of Upanayanam, when the boy becomes a Dwija or twice-born. He is then pu
rified. The third stage is Vipra, when one has mastered the study of the Vedas.
The fourth stage is Brahmana when he actually realizes the Brahman through the k
nowledge of the Self. One becomes a Brahmana not by birth but only when one real
izes the Supreme Brahman. One becomes a Brahmana by action and not by birth.

Why should one wear a Yagnopaveetham?
This would increase longevity of the person who wears, gives physical and mental
strength through the worship of Sun God using Gayathri Mantra for which one wou
ld have been initiated during his Upanayanam. By wearing Yagnopaveetham one gets
purified both externally and internally. By wearing one gets eligibility to per
form spiritual and sacred rituals (Sroutha/Smartha Karmas) as prescribed in Veda
s for his Varna. Sacred rituals performed by wearing Yagnopaveetham give good re
sults. Vinayagnopaveethenaa Bhojanam Kurthe Dwijam Ajamoothrapureershena Rethass
evanamevacha It is said that one should not attend to nature calls, eating food,
participate in sensual pleasures without Yagnopaveetham. It is a prerequisite f
or learning Veda and also for marriage.

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