Download Worldwide Guide to Equivalent Irons and Steels PDF

TitleWorldwide Guide to Equivalent Irons and Steels
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Page 1

48 / Section 1 Carbon steel

Exchangeability is only possible after independent examination of specifications. Properties are minimum or typical as specified. UTS and YS as MPa. El as %. *Indicates inactive,
non-current, or unverified material or specification. See Appendix for abbreviations.

Specification Designation Notes C Cr Cu Mn Ni P S Si Other Properties

Section 1 Carbon steel

Low-carbon steel and HSLA steel, 1005/ 1006

Australia
AS 1442 (1992) 1006 HR bar, semifinished (may

treat w/microalloying
elements)

0.08
max

… … 0.25-
0.50

… 0.040
max

0.040
max

0.10-
0.35

Si<=0.10 for Al-killed …

AS 1443 (1994) 1004 Cold formed bar (may treat
w/microalloying elements)

0.06
max

… … 0.25-
0.50

… 0.040
max

0.040
max

0.10-
0.35

Si<=0.10 for Al-killed …

AS/NZS 1594
(1997)

HA1006 HR flat products 0.08
max

0.30
max

0.35
max

0.40
max

0.35
max

0.040
max

0.030
max

0.03
max

Al 0.100 max; Mo 0.10 max;
Ti 0.040 max;
(Cu+Ni+Cr+Mo) 1 max



Bulgaria
BDS 11488 (1983) 08JuA Sheet, CR 0.07

max
0.30
max

0.06
max

0.2-0.4 0.06
max

0.020
max

0.025
max

0.01
max

Al 0.02-0.07; Mo 0.15 max …

BDS 14351 08Ju Plate HR 0.07
max

0.30
max

0.06
max

0.2-0.4 0.06
max

0.025
max

0.025
max

0.01
max

Al 0.02-0.07; Mo 0.15 max …

BDS 5785 (1983) 05kp Structural 0.06
max

0.10
max

0.25
max

0.40
max

0.25
max

0.035
max

0.040
max

0.03
max

… …

BDS 9609 08kpselekt Strip, CR 0.08
max

0.03
max

0.15
max

0.3-
0.45

0.10
max

0.020
max

0.03
max

0.01
max

Mo 0.15 max; Ti 0.05 max;
V 0.1 max; W 0.1 max



BDS 9609 (1972) 08Fkp Strip, CR 0.08
max

0.03
max

0.15
max

0.3-
0.45

0.10
max

0.020
max

0.03
max

0.01
max

Mo 0.15 max; Ti 0.05 max;
V 0.02-0.04; W 0.1 max



BDS 9609 (1972) 08Ju Strip, CR 0.08
max

0.03
max

0.15
max

0.3-
0.45

0.10
max

0.020
max

0.03
max

0.01
max

Al 0.02-0.07; Mo 0.15 max;
Ti 0.05 max; V 0.1 max; W
0.1 max



China
GB 3273 (1989) 06TiL Plate, sheet; 2.5-12.0 mm

thick; HR; heat-treated
0.08
max

0.30
max

0.30
max

0.20-
0.50

0.30
max

0.035
max

0.035
max

0.20
max

Ti 0.07-0.20 375-480 UTS;
245 min YS; 26
min El

GB 711 (1988) 05F Plate, strip; HR; heat-treated 0.06
max

0.10
max

0.25
max

0.40
max

0.25
max

0.035
max

0.040
max

0.03
max

… …

GB/T 17102 (1997) 08Al Cladded by austenitic
stainless

0.08
max

… … 0.40
max

… 0.030
max

0.030
max

0.06
max

Al 0.02-0.07 345-490 UTS;
350 max YS; 28
min El

GB/T 17102 (1997) 08Al Cladded by ferritic stainless 0.08
max

… … 0.40
max

… 0.030
max

0.030
max

0.06
max

Al 0.02-0.07 345-490 UTS;
350 max YS; 18
min El

GB/T 2518 (2004) 05 Sheet, strip 0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.020
max

0.020
max

… … …

GB/T 6478 (2001) ML04Al Cold headed/cold extruded;
HR

0.06
max

… … 0.20-
0.40

… 0.035
max

0.035
max

0.10
max

Al 0.02 min 440 max UTS

Czech Republic
CSN 411301 11301 Unalloyed mild 0.08

max
0.3
max

… 0.4
max

… 0.025
max

0.025
max

0.60
max

… …

CSN 411304 11304 … 0.06
max

0.05
max

0.05
max

0.35
max

… 0.02
max

0.02
max

0.01
max

Al 0.005 max; N 0.006 max …

CSN 411305 11305 Unalloyed mild 0.07
max

0.3
max

0.03
max

0.4
max

… 0.025
max

0.025
max

0.03
max

Al 0.025-0.10 …

Finland
SFS 600 (1981)* CR4 Unalloyed mild 0.08

max
… … 0.45

max
… 0.070

max
0.060
max

0.60
max

Al 0.02-0.120 …

France
AFNOR* XC6 … 0.04-

0.09
… … 0.25-

0.45
… 0.03 0.03 0.1 … …

AFNOR* XC6FF … 0.04-
0.09

… … 0.25-
0.45

… 0.03 0.03 0.1 … …

AFNOR NF A35-
053 (1984)

FB5 Wire rod, rolled 0.06
max

0.3
max

0.3
max

0.2-
0.45

0.4
max

0.035
max

0.035
max

0.3
max

Al 0.08 max; Al=0.03-0.08
Si<=0.05; Si=0.15-0.3
Al<=0.02

420 max UTS

AFNOR NF A35-
053 (1984)

FR5 Wire rod, rolled 0.06
max

0.15
max

0.2
max

0.2-
0.45

0.25
max

0.035
max

0.035
max

0.3
max

Al 0.08 max; Al 0.03-0.08 Si
0-0.05; Si 0.015-0.3 Al 0-
0.02; Cr+Ni+Cu<=0.45

400 max UTS

AFNOR NF A35-
056 (1984)

FG10M5ATi5 Wire rod, welding 0.04-
0.12

… 0.2
max

1.1-1.4 … 0.03
max

0.03
max

0.5-0.8 Al 0.05-0.2; Ti 0.05-0.2 …

AFNOR NF A35-
056 (1984)

FG10MS5 Wire rod, welding 0.04-
0.12

… 0.2
max

1-1.3 … 0.03
max

0.03
max

0.5-0.8 Al 0.02 max …

AFNOR NF A35-
056 (1984)

FG12MS6 Wire rod, welding 0.04-
0.12

… 0.2
max

1.3-1.6 … 0.03
max

0.03
max

0.7-1 Al 0.02 max …

AFNOR NF A35-
056 (1984)

FG12MS6.4 Wire rod, welding 0.04-
0.12

… 0.2
max

1.3-1.6 … 0.03
max

0.03
max

0.9-1.2 Al 0.02 max …

AFNOR NF A35-
056 (1984)

FG12MS6.4 Wire rod, welding 0.04-
0.12

… 0.2
max

1.3-1.6 … 0.03
max

0.03
max

0.9-1.2 Al 0.02 max …

AFNOR NF A35-
056 (1984)

FG12MS7.4 Wire rod, welding 0.04-
0.14

… 0.2
max

1.5-1.8 … 0.03
max

0.03
max

0.9-1.2 Al 0.02 max …

AFNOR NF A35-
562 (1981)*

10F1 Free-cutting 0.04-
0.13

0.3
max

0.3
max

0.6-0.9 0.4
max

0.04
max

0.09-
0.13

0.1-0.4 … …

AFNOR NF A36-
102 (1987)

Fd3* … 0.08
max

0.3
max

… 0.02-
0.4

0.40
max

0.025
max

0.025
max

0.6
max

N 0.006 max …

AFNOR NF A36-
102 (1987)

Fd4* … 0.07
max

0.3
max

… 0.4
max

0.40
max

0.025
max

0.025
max

0.6
max

Al 0.02 min …

AFNOR NF A36-
102 (1993)

C05RR HR; strip; CR 0.06
max

0.08
max

… 0.35
max

0.08
max

0.025
max

0.02
max

0.03
max

Al 0.02-0.06; Mo 0.040 max …

AFNOR NF A36-
102 (1993)

Fd4* HR; strip; CR 0.06
max

0.08
max

… 0.35
max

0.08
max

0.025
max

0.02
max

0.03
max

Al 0.02-0.06; Mo 0.040 max …

AFNOR NF A36-
301 (1992)*

3C t<3 mm; HR 0.08
max

0.3
max

… 0.4
max

0.4
max

0.025
max

0.025
max

0.4
max

Al 0.02 min 290-370 UTS;
200 YS; 30 El; 59
HRB

Page 2

Section 1 Carbon steel / 49

Specification Designation Notes C Cr Cu Mn Ni P S Si Other Properties

Exchangeability is only possible after independent examination of specifications. Properties are minimum or typical as specified. UTS and YS as MPa. El as %. *Indicates inactive,
non-current, or unverified material or specification. See Appendix for abbreviations.

AFNOR NF A36-
301 (1992)*

3CT t<3 mm; HR 0.08
max

0.3
max

… 0.4
max

0.4
max

0.025
max

0.025
max

0.04
max

Al 0.02 min; B 0.005 max; Ti
0.03 max

290-370 UTS;
200 YS; 30 El; 59
HRB

Hungary
MSZ 23 (1983) K1H Sheet, strip; mild; 0.5-0.7

mm; CR
0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.03
max

0.035
max

0.1
max

Al 0.120 max 270-370 UTS; 30
El

MSZ 23 (1983) K1H Sheet, strip; mild; 0.71-1.3
mm; CR

0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.03
max

0.035
max

0.1
max

Al 0.120 max 270-370 UTS; 32
El

MSZ 23 (1983) K1H Sheet, strip; mild; 1.3-3 mm;
CR

0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.03
max

0.035
max

0.1
max

Al 0.120 max 270-370 UTS; 32
El; 57 max HRB

MSZ 23 (1983) K2H Sheet, strip; mild; 0.5-0.7
mm; CR

0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.03
max

0.035
max

0.1
max

Al 0.120 max 270-370 UTS; 30
El

MSZ 23 (1983) K2H Sheet, strip; mild; 0.71-1.3
mm; CR

0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.03
max

0.035
max

0.1
max

Al 0.120 max 270-370 UTS; 32
El

MSZ 23 (1983) K2H Sheet, strip; mild; 1.3-3 mm;
CR

0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.03
max

0.035
max

0.1
max

Al 0.120 max 270-370 UTS; 32
El; 57 max HRB

MSZ 23 (1983) KO1H Sheet, strip; mild; 0.5-0.7
mm; CR

0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.03
max

0.035
max

0.1
max

Al 0.025-0.120 270-370 UTS; 32
El

MSZ 23 (1983) KO1H Sheet, strip; mild; 0.71-1.3
mm; CR

0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.03
max

0.035
max

0.1
max

Al 0.025-0.120 270-370 UTS; 34
El

MSZ 23 (1983) KO1H Sheet, strip; mild; 1.3-3 mm;
CR

0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.03
max

0.035
max

0.1
max

Al 0.120 max 270-370 UTS; 34
El; 55 max HRB

MSZ 23 (1983) KO2H Sheet, strip; mild; 0.5-0.7
mm; CR

0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.03
max

0.035
max

0.1
max

Al 0.025-0.120 270-370 UTS; 32
El

MSZ 23 (1983) KO2H Sheet, strip; mild; 0.71-1.3
mm; CR

0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.03
max

0.035
max

0.1
max

Al 0.025-0.120 270-370 UTS; 34
El

MSZ 23 (1983) KO2H Sheet, strip; mild; 1.3-3 mm;
CR

0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.03
max

0.035
max

0.1
max

Al 0.120 max 270-370 UTS; 34
El; 55 max HRB

India
IS 513 (1998) EDD (Extra deep

drawing)
CR low C steel; coil and cut
lengths <=4 mm thick; as
delivered; Al killed; ann/skin
passed sheets and strips

0.08
max

… … 0.40
max

… 0.030
max

0.030
max

… Al 0.02 min; B 0.006 max; N
0.012 max; Nb+V+Ti+B 0.2
max; If Cu bearing Cu 0.20-
0.35

270-350 UTS;
220 max YS; 32
min El; 50 max
HRB; 50 max
HR30T

IS 513 (1998) EDD (Extra deep
drawing)

CR low C steel; coil and cut
lengths <=4 mm thick; as
delivered; Al/Si killed; ann/
skin passed sheets and strips

0.08
max

… … 0.40
max

… 0.030
max

0.030
max

0.03
min

Al 0.01 min; B 0.006 max; N
0.012 max; Nb+V+Ti+B 0.2
max; If Cu bearing Cu 0.20-
0.35

270-350 UTS;
220 max YS; 32
min El; 50 max
HRB; 50 max
HR30T

IS 513 (1998) EDD (Extra deep
drawing)

CR low C steel; coil and cut
lengths <=4 mm thick; as
delivered; ann/skin passed
sheets and strips

0.08
max

… … 0.40
max

… 0.030
max

0.030
max

… B 0.006 max; N 0.007 max;
Nb+V+Ti+B 0.2 max; If Cu
bearing Cu 0.20-0.35

270-350 UTS;
220 max YS; 32
min El; 50 max
HRB; 50 max
HR30T

IS 513 (1998) EDD (Extra deep
drawing)

CR low C steel; coil and cut
lengths <=4 mm thick; as
delivered; ann/skin passed
sheets and strips

0.08
max

… … 0.40
max

… 0.030
max

0.030
max

0.1 min B 0.006 max; N 0.007 max;
Nb+V+Ti+B 0.2 max; If Cu
bearing Cu 0.20-0.35

270-350 UTS;
220 max YS; 32
min El; 50 max
HRB; 50 max
HR30T

IS 1079 (1998) EDD (Extra Deep
Drawing)

HR carbon steel sheets and
strips; killed; Al killed

0.08
max

… … 0.40
max

… 0.030
max

0.030
max

… Al 0.02 min; B 0.006 max; N
0.007 max; if Cu bearing Cu
0.20-0.35

260-380 UTS; 32
min El

IS 11169/1 (2004) 4C2 (formerly C04) Wrought carbon and alloy
steels for cold-heading/cold-
extrusion 2<=d<=100 mm;
for cold heading quality steels
not intended for heat
treatment; ann hardness

0.08
max

… … 0.40
max

… 0.035
max

0.035
max

… S & P may vary with free
cutting steels; N 0.008 max
in rimmed condition.

120 max HB

IS 11513 (2000) EDD HR carbon steel strip
intended for cold-rolling to
sheets/strips.

0.08
max

… … 0.40
max

… 0.030
max

0.030
max

… B 0.1 max; N, Al, Si vary
with treatment; Ni+V+Ti+B
<= 0.2 each or total; Cu if
copper bearing 0.20-0.35.



IS 12313 (2001) T0 04 Terne coated carbon steel
sheets; gauge length 60 mm;
deep drawing special killed
steel

0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.03
max

0.03
max

… Si+Al may vary with
treatment; rimming or semi-
killed, N<=0.007; Cu if
copper bearing 0.20-0.35.

410 min UTS; 29
min El

IS 12313 (2001) T0 04 Terne coated carbon steel
sheets; gauge length 80 mm;
deep drawing special killed
steel

0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.03
max

0.03
max

… Si+Al may vary with
treatment; rimming or semi-
killed, N<=0.007; Cu if
copper bearing 0.20-0.35.

410 min UTS; 28
min El

IS 14491 (2001) 260Y CR steel sheets and coils of
higher strength

0.08
max

… … 0.60
max

… … 0.025
max

0.50
max

Al 0.02 min; Ni, Ti, V <=0.20
total; P<= 0.12 if present;
N<=0.012 if present

350 min UTS; 260
min YS; 26-28 El

IS 1570/2/1 (2004) 2C2 Carbon steel (unalloyed) 0.05
max

… … 0.40
max

… … … … P:S Varies …

IS 4397 (2004) EDD Deep drawing CR carbon
steel strip for cages/retainers
for ball and roller bearings;
skin rolled temper; Al killed or
stabilized

0.08
max

0.10
max

0.10
max

0.50
max

0.10
max

0.030
max

0.030
max

… Al 0.02-0.06; B 0.006 max;
Mo 0.03 max; Nb+V+Ti+B
0.2 max; Cr, Ni, Mo, Cu
residual; see spec for N, Al
limits

90-120 HV

IS 7887 (2001) Grade 1 HR mild steel wire rods in
coils or straightened and cut
lengths.

0.06
max

… … 0.35
max

… 0.050
max

0.050
max

… Si, Cu as specified; S+P can
vary; Si and Al may vary
with treatment.



IS 7887 (2001) Grade 2 HR mild steel wire rods in
coils or straightened and cut
lengths.

0.08
max

… … 0.25-
0.40

… 0.050
max

0.050
max

… Si, Cu as specified; S+P can
vary; Si and Al may vary
with treatment.



France (Continued)

Low-carbon steel and HSLA steel, 1005/ 1006 (Continued)

Page 3

50 / Section 1 Carbon steel

Exchangeability is only possible after independent examination of specifications. Properties are minimum or typical as specified. UTS and YS as MPa. El as %. *Indicates inactive,
non-current, or unverified material or specification. See Appendix for abbreviations.

Specification Designation Notes C Cr Cu Mn Ni P S Si Other Properties

IS 8917 (2001) Grade A Steel for pots for molten Zn
used for hot dip galvanizing;
guaranteed weldability is
required

0.05
max

… … 0.25
max

… 0.025
max

0.025
max

0.05
max

If oxygen process used, N
0.007 max.



IS 8952 (2000) Grade 1 Steel ingots, blooms and
billets for production of mild
steel wire rods.

0.06
max

… … 0.35
max

… 0.050
max

0.050
max

… Si as specified; Si, Al may
vary with processing; Nb, V,
Ti<=0.20 each or total



IS 8952 (2000) Grade 2 Steel ingots, blooms and
billets for production of mild
steel wire rods.

0.08
max

… … 0.25-
0.40

… 0.050
max

0.050
max

… Si as specified; Si, Al may
vary with processing; Nb, V,
Ti<=0.20 each or total



IS 9485 (2001) Grade A Cold-reduced, HR carbon
steel sheet of commercial and
drawing qualities for
porcelain enamelling.

0.05
max

… … 0.30
max

… 0.030
max

0.030
max

… N<= 0.007 if oxygen
processed; S+P<=0.090; Si,
Al may vary with treatment



IS 9485 (2001) Grade B Cold-reduced, HR carbon
steel sheet of commercial and
drawing qualities for
porcelain enamelling.

0.08
max

… … 0.40
max

… 0.035
max

0.035
max

… N<= 0.007 if oxygen
processed; S+P<=0.090; Si,
Al may vary with treatment



International
ISO 14590 (2005) BH220 Killed, cold-reduced bake

hardening steel sheet of high
tensile strength, low yield
point with improved
formability; EL gauge
length=80 mm.

0.08
max

… 0.20
max

0.70
max

0.20
max

0.080
max

0.030
max

0.50
max

… 340 min UTS; 220
min YS; 30 min El

ISO 14590 (2005) BH260 Killed, cold-reduced bake
hardening steel sheet of high
tensile strength, low yield
point with improved
formability; EL gauge
length=80 mm.

0.08
max

… 0.20
max

0.70
max

0.20
max

0.100
max

0.030
max

0.50
max

… 380 min UTS; 260
min YS; 28 min El

ISO 16120-2
(2001)

C4D Non-alloy steel wire rod for
drawing and/or cold rolling.

0.06
max

0.20
max

0.30
max

0.30-
0.60

0.25
max

0.035
max

0.035
max

0.30
max

Al 0.01 max; Mo 0.05 max;
Si restricted for
galvanization; Cu, Al, Si
specified



ISO 16120-2
(2001)

C7D Non-alloy steel wire rod for
drawing and/or cold rolling.

0.05-
0.09

0.20
max

0.30
max

0.30-
0.60

0.25
max

0.035
max

0.035
max

0.30
max

Al 0.01 max; Mo 0.05 max;
Si restricted for
galvanization; Cu, Al, Si
specified



ISO 16120-3
(2001)

C3D1 Non-alloy steel wire rod, low
C, low Si, for drawing and/or
cold rolling

0.05
max

0.10
max

0.15
max

0.20-
0.40

0.10
max

0.025
max

0.025
max

0.05
max

Al 0.05 max; Mo 0.03 max;
Cu+Ni+Cr<=0.30; Al may be
specified.

390 max UTS

ISO 16120-3
(2001)

C4D1 Non-alloy steel wire rod, low
C, low Si, for drawing and/or
cold rolling; max UTS by
agreement

0.06
max

0.15
max

0.15
max

0.20-
0.45

0.15
max

0.025
max

0.025
max

0.10
max

Al 0.05 max; Mo 0.03 max;
Cu+Ni+Cr<=0.35; Al may be
specified.



ISO 16120-4
(2001)

C3D2 Non-alloy steel wire rod with
improved characteristics for
drawing and/or cold rolling.

0.05
max

0.10
max

0.15
max

0.30-
0.50

0.10
max

0.020
max

0.025
max

0.30
max

Al 0.01 max; Mo 0.05 max;
N 0.007 max;
Cu+Ni+Cr<=0.30;
Cu+Sn<=0.15; Mn, Cu, Al,
Si, N as agreed.



ISO 16120-4
(2001)

C5D2 Non-alloy steel wire rod with
improved characteristics for
drawing and/or cold rolling.

0.07
max

0.10
max

0.15
max

0.30-
0.50

0.10
max

0.020
max

0.025
max

0.30
max

Al 0.01 max; Mo 0.05 max;
N 0.007 max;
Cu+Ni+Cr<=0.30;
Cu+Sn<=0.15; Mn, Cu, Al,
Si, N as agreed.



ISO 3573 (1999) HR3 Deep drawing quality HR
carbon steel sheet; El varies
with thickness.

0.08
max

… … 0.40
max

… 0.030
max

0.030
max

… … 400 max UTS; 29
min El

ISO 3573 (1999) HR4 Deep drawing Al killed quality
HR carbon steel sheet; El
varies with thickness.

0.08
max

… … 0.35
max

… 0.025
max

0.025
max

… … 380 max UTS; 32
min El

ISO 3574 (1999) CR4 Deep drawing Al killed (non-
ageing) quality cold-reduced
carbon steel sheet; El 50 mm
gauge length.

0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.03
max

0.03
max

… … 350 max UTS;
210 max YS; 37
min El

ISO 3575 (1996) 05 Continuous hot-dip Zn-
coated carbon steel sheet of
deep drawing special killed
quality

0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.03
max

0.03
max

… … 410 max UTS;
220 max YS; 29
min El

ISO 4954 (1993) CC4A (formerly
A1Al)

Cold-heading/cold-extruding
wrought steel wire rods, wire
or bars not intended for heat
treatment; d=2-100 mm; as-
rolled or as-rolled and peeled
condition

0.06
max

… … 0.20-
0.40

… 0.040
max

0.040
max

0.10
max

Al 0.020 min; V, Nb, Ti, Ca
may be added.

440 max UTS

ISO 4954 (1993) CC4X (formerly A1R) Cold-heading/cold-extruding
wrought steel wire rods, wire
or bars not intended for heat
treatment; d=2-100 mm; as-
rolled or as-rolled and peeled
condition

0.06
max

… … 0.20-
0.40

… 0.040
max

0.040
max

0.10
max

Al 0.020 max 420 max UTS

ISO 6317 (2000) HR3 HR carbon steel strip of deep
drawing quality; El varies with
thickness.

0.08
max

… … 0.40
max

… 0.030
max

0.030
max

… … 400 max UTS; 29
min El

ISO 6317 (2000) HR4 HR carbon steel strip of deep
drawing, Al-killed; El varies
with thickness.

0.08
max

… … 0.35
max

… 0.025
max

0.025
max

… … 380 max UTS; 32
min El

India (Continued)

Low-carbon steel and HSLA steel, 1005/ 1006 (Continued)

Page 4

Section 1 Carbon steel / 51

Specification Designation Notes C Cr Cu Mn Ni P S Si Other Properties

Exchangeability is only possible after independent examination of specifications. Properties are minimum or typical as specified. UTS and YS as MPa. El as %. *Indicates inactive,
non-current, or unverified material or specification. See Appendix for abbreviations.

ISO 6932 (2001) CR24 Cold-reduced deep drawing
quality Al-killed carbon steel
strip with C<=0.25% in coils
and cut lengths; mech props
vary with condition of
delivery

0.08
max

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.45
max

0.20
max

0.03
max

0.03
max

… Mo 0.06 max; Nb 0.008
max; Ti 0.008 max; V 0.008
max; Cu+Ni+Cr+Mo<=0.50;
Cr+Mo<=0.16; Nb, V, Ti may
be >0.008 if agreed.

290-690 UTS;
325 max YS; 14
min El

Italy
UNI 5598 (1971)* 3CD5* Wire rod 0.06

max
… … 0.25-

0.5
… 0.035

max
0.035
max

0.6
max

N 0.012 max …

UNI 5598 (1971)* 3CD6* Wire rod 0.08
max

… … 0.25-
0.5

… 0.035
max

0.035
max

0.6
max

N 0.012 max …

UNI 5771 (1966) C8 Chain 0.08
max

… … 0.35-
0.45

… 0.035
max

0.035
max

0.6
max

trace Si …

UNI 7356 (1974)* CB4FU* Quenched and tempered 0.08
max

… … 0.2-0.4 … 0.04
max

0.04
max

0.6
max

N 0.007 max; trace Si/
Spuren/nyomok



Japan
JIS G3141 (1996) CR4 Cold-reduced carbon steel

sheet and coil including CR
strip steel and cut lengths;
deep drawing special killed
(non-aging).

0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.03
max

0.03
max

… … 270-340 UTS; 37
min El; 50 max
HRB

JIS G3141 (1996) SPCE Cold-reduced carbon steel
sheet and coil including CR
strip steel and cut lengths;
deep drawing quality.

0.08
max

… … 0.40
max

… 0.030
max

0.030
max

… … 270 min UTS; 36-
43 El

JIS G3251 (1988) SFB 1 Reforging blooms and billets
used for manufacturing of
carbon steel forgings.

0.05-
0.20

… … 0.30-
0.90

… 0.030
max

0.035
max

0.15-
0.50

C.E. as agreed. …

JIS G3505 (2004) SWRM 4 Low C steel wire rods. 0.06
max

… … 0.60
max

… 0.040
max

0.040
max

… … …

JIS G3505 (2004) SWRM 6 Low C steel wire rods. 0.08
max

… … 0.60
max

… 0.040
max

0.040
max

… … …

JIS G3507 (1991) SWRCH6A Carbon steel wire rods for the
manufacture of carbon steel
wires by cold heading/cold
forging; Al-killed

0.08
max

… … 0.60
max

… 0.030
max

0.035
max

0.10
max

Al 0.02 min …

JIS G3507 (1991) SWRCH6R Carbon steel wire rods for the
manufacture of carbon steel
wires by cold heading/cold
forging; rimmed

0.08
max

… … 0.60
max

… 0.040
max

0.040
max

… … …

Mexico
NMX-B-265 (1989) LEEP Sheet for enameling 0.08

max
… … 0.40

max
… 0.030

max
0.030
max

… … …

NMX-B-301 (1986) 1005 Bar 0.06
max

… … 0.35
max

… 0.040
max

0.050
max

… … …

NMX-B-301 (1986) 1006 Bar 0.08
max

… … 0.25-
0.40

… 0.040
max

0.050
max

… … …

Multi-national (EU)
EN 10016/2 (1994) 1.0300 Rod 0.06

max
0.20
max

0.30
max

0.30-
0.60

0.25
max

0.035
max

0.035
max

0.30
max

Al 0.01 max; Mo 0.05 max …

EN 10016/2 (1994) 1.0313 Rod 0.05-
0.09

0.20
max

0.30
max

0.30-
0.60

0.25
max

0.035
max

0.035
max

0.30
max

Al 0.01 max; Mo 0.05 max …

EN 10016/2 (1994) C4D Rod 0.06
max

0.20
max

0.30
max

0.30-
0.60

0.25
max

0.035
max

0.035
max

0.30
max

Al 0.01 max; Mo 0.05 max …

EN 10016/2 (1994) C7D Rod 0.05-
0.09

0.20
max

0.30
max

0.30-
0.60

0.25
max

0.035
max

0.035
max

0.30
max

Al 0.01 max; Mo 0.05 max …

EN 10016/3 (1994) 1.1187 Rod 0.05
max

0.10
max

0.15
max

0.20-
0.4

0.10
max

0.025
max

0.025
max

0.05
max

Al 0.05 max; Mo 0.03 max;
Cr+Ni+Cu<=0.30



EN 10016/3 (1994) 1.1188 Rod 0.06
max

0.15
max

0.15
max

0.20-
0.45

0.15
max

0.025
max

0.025
max

0.10
max

Al 0.05 max; Mo 0.03 max;
Cr+Ni+Cu<=0.35



EN 10016/3 (1994) C3D1 Rod 0.05
max

0.10
max

0.15
max

0.20-
0.4

0.10
max

0.025
max

0.025
max

0.05
max

Al 0.05 max; Mo 0.03 max;
Cr+Ni+Cu<=0.30



EN 10016/3 (1994) C4D1 Rod 0.06
max

0.15
max

0.15
max

0.20-
0.45

0.15
max

0.025
max

0.025
max

0.10
max

Al 0.05 max; Mo 0.03 max;
Cr+Ni+Cu<=0.35



EN 10016/4 (1994) 1.1110 Rod 0.05
max

0.10
max

0.15
max

0.30-
0.50

0.10
max

0.020
max

0.025
max

0.30
max

Al 0.01 max; Mo 0.05 max;
N 0.007 max;
Cr+Ni+Cu<=0.30,
Cu+Sn<=0.15



EN 10016/4 (1994) 1.1111 Rod 0.07
max

0.10
max

0.15
max

0.30-
0.50

0.10
max

0.020
max

0.025
max

0.30
max

Al 0.01 max; Mo 0.05 max;
N 0.007 max;
Cr+Ni+Cu<=0.30,
Cu+Sn<=0.15



EN 10016/4 (1994) C3D2 Rod 0.05
max

0.10
max

0.15
max

0.30-
0.50

0.10
max

0.020
max

0.025
max

0.30
max

Al 0.01 max; Mo 0.05 max;
N 0.007 max;
Cr+Ni+Cu<=0.30,
Cu+Sn<=0.15



EN 10016/4 (1994) C5D2 Rod 0.07
max

0.10
max

0.15
max

0.30-
0.50

0.10
max

0.020
max

0.025
max

0.30
max

Al 0.01 max; Mo 0.05 max;
N 0.007 max;
Cr+Ni+Cu<=0.30,
Cu+Sn<=0.15



EN 10130 (1991) 1.0312 Sheet, strip, CR t<=3 mm 0.06
max

… … 0.35
max

… 0.025
max

0.025
max

… … 270-330 UTS;
140 YS; 40 El

EN 10130 (1991) 1.0338 Sheet, strip, CR t<=3 mm 0.08
max

… … 0.40
max

… 0.030
max

0.030
max

… … 270-350 UTS;
140 YS; 38 El

EN 10130 (1991) FeP04 Sheet, strip, CR t<=3 mm 0.08
max

… … 0.40
max

… 0.030
max

0.030
max

… … 270-350 UTS;
140 YS; 38 El

International (Continued)

Low-carbon steel and HSLA steel, 1005/ 1006 (Continued)

Page 5

52 / Section 1 Carbon steel

Exchangeability is only possible after independent examination of specifications. Properties are minimum or typical as specified. UTS and YS as MPa. El as %. *Indicates inactive,
non-current, or unverified material or specification. See Appendix for abbreviations.

Specification Designation Notes C Cr Cu Mn Ni P S Si Other Properties

EN 10130 (1991) FeP05 Sheet, strip, CR t<=3 mm 0.06
max

… … 0.35
max

… 0.025
max

0.025
max

… … 270-330 UTS;
140 YS; 40 El

Poland
PN-H-84023/02
(1989)

06JA … 0.06
max

0.1
max

0.1
max

0.3
max

0.1
max

0.02
max

0.025
max

0.02
max

Al 0.025-0.130 …

PN-H-84023/02
(1989)

07X … 0.08
max

0.05
max

0.15
max

0.35
max

0.1
max

0.04
max

0.04
max

0.02
max

Al 0.02-0.07; P+S<=0.07 …

PN-H-84023/02
(1989)

07XA … 0.08
max

0.1
max

0.1
max

0.25-
0.45

0.1
max

0.02
max

0.025
max

0.03
max

Mo 0.05 max …

PN-H-84023/02
(1989)

08J … 0.08
max

0.1
max

0.1
max

0.2-
0.45

0.1
max

0.025
max

.03
max

0.03
max

Al 0.02-0.07; N 0.01 max;
O<=0.03



PN-H-84023/02
(1989)

08JA … 0.08
max

0.1
max

0.1
max

0.2
max

0.1
max

0.02
max

0.025
max

0.05
max

Al 0.02-0.07; N 0.01 max;
O<=0.03



PN-H-84023/03
(1989)

05XA … 0.07
max

0.06
max

0.06
max

0.35
max

0.06
max

0.3
max

0.03
max

0.01
max

Al 0.02 max; N 0.007 max …

PN-H-84023/03
(1989)

08F … 0.08
max

0.1
max

0.1
max

0.25-
0.45

0.1
max

0.025
max

0.03
max

0.03
max

… …

PN-H-84023/03
(1989)

08XA … 0.08
max

0.1
max

0.1
max

0.25-
0.45

0.1
max

0.25
max

0.03
max

0.03
max

… …

PN-H-84023/03
(1989)

08YA … 0.08
max

0.1
max

0.1
max

0.25-
0.45

0.1
max

0.03
max

0.03
max

0.1
max

… …

PN-H-84023/05
(1989)

06X … 0.08
max

0.3
max

0.25
max

0.2-0.4 0.4
max

0.04
max

0.04
max

0.3
max

… …

PN-H-84023/05
(1989)

06XA … 0.08
max

0.3
max

… 0.35
max

0.4
max

0.035
max

0.035
max

0.35
max

… …

PN-H-84028* DT06 Unalloyed; wire rod 0.08
max

0.3
max

0.2
max

0.2-0.4 0.4
max

0.04
max

0.025
max

0.25
max

… …

Romania
STAS 9485 (1980) A3k … 0.08

max
0.03
max

0.1
max

0.2-
0.45

0.1
max

0.03
max

0.03
max

0.03-
0.08

Al 0.02-0.07; Pb 0.15 max …

STAS 9485 (1980) A3n … 0.08
max

0.03
max

0.1
max

0.2-
0.45

0.1
max

0.035
max

0.035
max

0.6
max

Pb 0.15 max; trace Si …

Russia
GOST 1050 (1988) 05kp Structural rimming steel,

rolled stock 25 mm
0.06
max

… 0.30
max

0.40
max

0.30
max

0.035
max

0.040
max

0.03
max

As 0.08 max 111-131 HB

GOST 1050 (1988) 05kp Structural rimming steel,
sheet 4 mm

0.06
max

… 0.30
max

0.40
max

0.30
max

0.035
max

0.040
max

0.03
max

As 0.08 max 255-370 UTS; 27-
30 El

GOST 9045 (1993) 08Fkp CR low C thin sheets for cold
stamping.

0.08
max

0.04
max

0.15
max

0.2-0.4 0.1
max

0.02
max

0.025
max

0.03
max

Al 0.1 max; V 0.02-0.04 …

GOST 9045 (1993) 08YU CR low C thin sheets for cold
stamping.

0.07
max

0.04
max

0.15
max

0.2-
0.35

0.1
max

0.02
max

0.025
max

0.03
max

Al 0.02-0.07 …

Serbia and Montenegro
C.0147 Unalloyed mild 0.08

max
0.12
max

… 0.45
max

… 0.03
max

0.03
max

0.60
max

Al 0.02-0.120 …

C.0148 Unalloyed mild 0.08
max

0.12
max

… 0.45
max

… 0.03
max

0.03
max

0.60
max

Al 0.02-0.120 …

South Korea
KS D 3501(2004) HR 3 HR mild steel plates, sheets

and strip, dip drawing use; El
varies with thickness.

0.08
max

… … 0.40
max

… 0.030
max

0.030
max

… … 400 min UTS; 28
min El

KS D 3501(2004) HR 4 HR mild steel plates, sheets
and strip, Al killed dip
drawing use (non-ageing); El
varies with thickness.

0.08
max

… … 0.35
max

… 0.025
max

0.025
max

… … 380 min UTS; 31
min El

KS D 3512 (2002) CR4 Cold-reduced carbon steel
sheets and strip; Al killed dip
drawing use (non-aging); El
varies with thickness.

0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.03
max

0.03
max

… … 350 min UTS; 210
min YS; 36 min El

KS D 3554 (2002) SWRM 4 For steel wire, Zn plate steel
wire

0.06
max

… … 0.60
max

… 0.040
max

0.040
max

… … …

KS D 3554 (2002) SWRM 6 For steel wire, Zn plate steel
wire

0.08
max

… … 0.60
max

… 0.040
max

0.040
max

… … …

KS D 3592 (2002) SWRCH6A Carbon steel wire rods for
cold heading and forging; Al
killed.

0.08
max

… … 0.60
max

… 0.030
max

0.035
max

0.10
max

Al 0.02 max …

KS D 3592 (2002) SWRCH6R Carbon rimmed steel wire
rods for cold heading and
forging.

0.08
max

… … 0.60
max

… 0.040
max

0.040
max

… … …

KS D 4116 (1990) SFB 1 Carbon steel blooms and
billets for forgings.

0.05-
0.20

… … 0.30-
0.90

… 0.030
max

0.035
max

0.15-
0.50

… …

Spain
UNE 36086
(1975)*

AP04* Unalloyed mild; sheet CR 0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.03
max

0.03
max

0.60
max

Mo 0.15 max …

UNE 36086
(1975)*

AP13* Unalloyed mild; sheet CR 0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.03
max

0.03
max

0.60
max

Mo 0.15 max …

United Kingdom
BS 1449 Section
1.8 (1991)

HS1 HR extra deep-drawing Al-
killed steel, narrow strip
based on formability.

0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.025
max

0.030
max

… Cu may be specified for
improved atmospheric
corrosion resistance.

290 min UTS; 170
min YS; 34 min El

BS 1449 Section
1.8 (1991)

HS2 HR extra deep-drawing steel,
narrow strip based on
formability.

0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.030
max

0.035
max

… Cu may be specified for
improved atmospheric
corrosion resistance.

290 min UTS; 170
min YS; 34 min El

BS 970/1 (1996)* 040A04* Bloom billet slab bar rod,
forging

0.08
max

… … 0.30-
0.50

… 0.050
max

0.050
max

0.10-
0.40

… …

Multi-national (EU) (Continued)

Low-carbon steel and HSLA steel, 1005/ 1006 (Continued)

Page 6

Section 1 Carbon steel / 53

Specification Designation Notes C Cr Cu Mn Ni P S Si Other Properties

Exchangeability is only possible after independent examination of specifications. Properties are minimum or typical as specified. UTS and YS as MPa. El as %. *Indicates inactive,
non-current, or unverified material or specification. See Appendix for abbreviations.

BS EN 10139
(2005)

DC04 (1.0338) Unalloyed quality steel, CR,
narrow strip in coils and cut
lengths for cold forming; fully
killed; ann.

0.08
max

… … 0.40
max

… 0.030
max

0.03
max

… … 270-350 UTS; 38
min El; 95 max
HV

BS EN 10139
(2005)

DC04 (1.0338) Unalloyed quality steel, CR,
narrow strip in coils and cut
lengths for cold forming; fully
killed; skin passed.

0.08
max

… … 0.40
max

… 0.030
max

0.03
max

… … 270-350 UTS;
210 max YS; 38
min El; 105 max
HV

BS EN 10139
(2005)

DC04 (1.0338) Unalloyed quality steel, CR,
narrow strip in coils and cut
lengths for cold forming; fully
killed; work hardened, mech
props may vary.

0.08
max

… … 0.40
max

… 0.030
max

0.03
max

… … 290-590 UTS;
220 min YS; 24
min El; 95-215
HV

BS EN 10139
(2005)

DC05 (1.0312) Unalloyed quality steel, CR,
narrow strip in coils and cut
lengths for cold forming; fully
killed; skin passed.

0.06
max

… … 0.35
max

… 0.0250
max

0.025
max

… … 270-330 UTS;
180 max YS; 40
min El; 100 max
HV

BS EN 10292
(2005)

HX220BD (1.0353) Continuously hot-dip coated
flat products with higher YS
for cold forming; HR or CR,
bake-hardened, transverse
mech props.

0.06
max

… … 0.70
max

… 0.08
max

0.025
max

0.50
max

Al 0.02 min 340-400 UTS;
220-280 YS; 32
min El

BS EN 10292
(2005)

HX220PD (1.0358) Continuously hot-dip coated
flat products with higher YS
for cold forming; HR or CR,
rephosphorized, transverse
mech props.

0.06
max

… … 0.70
max

… 0.08
max

0.025
max

0.50
max

Al 0.02 min 340-400 UTS;
220-280 YS; 32
min El

BS EN 12536
(2005)

OI Rods for gas welding of non-
alloy and creep-resisting
steel.

0.03-
0.12

0.15
max

0.35
max

0.35-
0.65

0.3
max

0.030
max

0.025
max

0.02-
0.20

Mo 0.3 max; V 0.03 max;
Residual Cu<=0.35.



BS EN 12536
(2005)

OII Rods for gas welding of non-
alloy and creep-resisting
steel.

0.03-
0.20

0.15
max

0.35
max

0.50-
1.20

0.3
max

0.025
max

0.025
max

0.05-
0.25

Mo 0.3 max; V 0.03 max;
Residual Cu<=0.35.



BS ISO 13887
(2004)

260Y Cold-reduced sheet steel of
higher YS with improved
formability

0.08
max

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.60
max

0.20
max

… 0.025
max

0.50
max

Mo 0.06 max; Microalloying
elements<=0.22; P<=0.30 if
agreed;
Cu+Ni+Cr+Mo<=0.50;
Cr+Mo<=0.16.

350 min UTS; 260
min YS; 28 min El

USA
AMS 7732A
(1987)*

7732 Cu clad wire 0.08
max

… … 0.25-
0.40

… 0.04
max

0.05
max

… … 345-690 UTS

ASTM A1008/
A1008M (2004b)

CS Type B CR carbon commercial steel
sheet in coils and cut lengths.

0.02-
0.15

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.60
max

0.20
max

0.030
max

0.035
max

… Mo 0.06 max; Nb 0.008
max; Ti 0.008 max; V 0.008
max; Cr<=0.25 when
C<=0.05; if; Cu>=0.20 when
specified; if Al deoxidized,
Al>=0.01.

140-275 YS; 30
min El; 70 max
HRB

ASTM A1008/
A1008M (2004b)

CS Type C CR carbon commercial steel
sheet in coils and cut lengths.

0.08
max

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.60
max

0.20
max

0.10
max

0.035
max

… Mo 0.06 max; Nb 0.008
max; Ti 0.008 max; V 0.008
max; Cr<=0.25 when
C<=0.05; if C<=0.02 then V
or Nb<=0.10 and Ti<=0.15;
Cu>=0.20 when specified; if
Al deoxidized, Al>=0.01.

140-275 YS; 30
min El; 70 max
HRB

ASTM A1008/
A1008M (2004b)

DDS CR carbon deep drawing steel
sheet in coils and cut lengths.

0.06
max

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.50
max

0.20
max

0.020
max

0.025
max

… Al 0.01 min; Mo 0.06 max;
Nb 0.008 max; Ti 0.008
max; V 0.008 max;
Cr<=0.25 when C<=0.05; if
C<=0.02 then V or
Nb<=0.10 and Ti<=0.15

115-200 YS; 38
min El; 55 max
HRB

ASTM A1008/
A1008M (2004b)

DS Type A CR carbon drawing steel
sheet in coils and cut lengths.

0.08
max

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.50
max

0.20
max

0.020
max

0.030
max

… Al 0.01 min; Mo 0.06 max;
Nb 0.008 max; Ti 0.008
max; V 0.008 max;
Cr<=0.25 when C<=0.05;

150-240 YS; 36
min El; 60 max
HRB

ASTM A1008/
A1008M (2004b)

DS Type B CR carbon drawing steel
sheet in coils and cut lengths.

0.02-
0.08

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.50
max

0.20
max

0.020
max

0.030
max

… Al 0.02 min; Mo 0.06 max;
Nb 0.008 max; Ti 0.008
max; V 0.008 max;
Cr<=0.25 when C<=0.05;

150-240 YS; 36
min El; 60 max
HRB

ASTM A1011/
A1011M (2004a)

CS Type B HR carbon commercial steel
sheet and strip in coils and
cut lengths.

0.02-
0.15

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.60
max

0.20
max

0.030
max

0.035
max

… Mo 0.06 max; Nb 0.008
max; Ti 0.025 max; V 0.008
max; If C<=0.05 then
Cr<=0.25; Ti may vary with
C; if Al deoxidized,
Al>=0.01; Cu>= 0.20 when
specified.

205-340 YS; 25
min El; 75 max
HRB

ASTM A1011/
A1011M (2004a)

CS Type C HR carbon commercial steel
sheet and strip in coils and
cut lengths.

0.08
max

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.60
max

0.20
max

0.10
max

0.035
max

… Mo 0.06 max; Nb 0.008
max; Ti 0.025 max; V 0.008
max; If C<=0.05 then
Cr<=0.25; Ti may vary with
C; if C<=0.02 then V or
Nb<=0.10 and Ti<=0.15;
Cu>= 0.20 when specified; if
Al deoxidized, Al>=0.01.

205-340 YS; 25
min El; 75 max
HRB

ASTM A1011/
A1011M (2004a)

DS Type A HR carbon drawing steel
sheet and strip in coils and
cut lengths.

0.08
max

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.50
max

0.20
max

0.020
max

0.030
max

… Mo 0.06 max; Nb 0.008
max; Ti 0.025 max; V 0.008
max; If C<=0.05 then
Cr<=0.25; Ti may vary with
C; if C<=0.02 then V or
Nb<=0.10 and Ti<=0.15.

205-310 YS; 28
min El; 65 max
HRB

United Kingdom (Continued)

Low-carbon steel and HSLA steel, 1005/ 1006 (Continued)

Page 7

54 / Section 1 Carbon steel

Exchangeability is only possible after independent examination of specifications. Properties are minimum or typical as specified. UTS and YS as MPa. El as %. *Indicates inactive,
non-current, or unverified material or specification. See Appendix for abbreviations.

Specification Designation Notes C Cr Cu Mn Ni P S Si Other Properties

ASTM A1011/
A1011M (2004a)

DS Type B HR carbon drawing steel
sheet and strip in coils and
cut lengths.

0.02-
0.08

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.50
max

0.20
max

0.020
max

0.030
max

… Mo 0.06 max; Nb 0.008
max; Ti 0.025 max; V 0.008
max; If C<=0.05 then
Cr<=0.25; Ti may vary with
C;

205-310 YS; 28
min El; 65 max
HRB

ASTM A1018/
A1018M (2004)

CS 1006 HR, heavy-thickness carbon
commercial steel coils.

0.08
max

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.45
max

0.20
max

0.030
max

0.035
max

… Mo 0.06 max; Nb 0.008
max; Ti 0.008 max; V 0.008
max; Cu>=0.20 when
specified.



ASTM A1039/
A1039M (2004)

CS Type B Commercial steel sheet in
coils and cut lengths
produced by the twin-roll
casting process; HR.

0.02-
0.15

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.70
max

0.20
max

0.030
max

0.035
max

… Mo 0.06 max; Nb 0.008
max; Ti 0.008 max; V 0.008
max; Al>=0.01 when
aluminum deoxidized steel
required; Cu>=0.20 when
copper steel specified.

250-340 YS; 22
min El

ASTM A29/A29M
(2004)

1005 Nonresulfurized carbon steel
bars.

0.06
max

… … 0.35
max

… 0.040
max

0.050
max

… Si, may be specified;
Cu>=0.20, Pb 0.15-0.35, B
0.0005-0.005 when
specified; Bi, Ca, Se, Te may
be added.



ASTM A29/A29M
(2004)

1006 Nonresulfurized carbon steel
bars.

0.08
max

… … 0.25-
0.40

… 0.040
max

0.050
max

… Si, may be specified;
Cu>=0.20, Pb 0.15-0.35, B
0.0005-0.005 when
specified; Bi, Ca, Se, Te may
be added.



ASTM A308/
A308M (2003)

CS Type B Sheet steel in coils and cut
lengths coated with lead-tin
alloy (terne metal) by the hot-
dip process.

0.02-
0.15

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.60
max

0.20
max

0.030
max

0.035
max

… Mo 0.06 max; Nb 0.008
max; Ti 0.025 max; V 0.008
max; Avoid C<0.02;
Al>=0.01 if deoxidized; Ti:N
ration<=3.4.



ASTM A308/
A308M (2003)

CS Type C Sheet steel in coils and cut
lengths coated with lead-tin
alloy (terne metal) by the hot-
dip process.

0.08
max

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.60
max

0.20
max

0.10
max

0.035
max

… Mo 0.06 max; Nb 0.008
max; Ti 0.025 max; V 0.008
max; Ti:N ration<=3.4;
Al>=0.01 if deoxidized; if
C<=0.02 V, Nb or Ti used as
stabilizing elements.



ASTM A308/
A308M (2003)

DDS Sheet steel in coils and cut
lengths coated with lead-tin
alloy (terne metal) by the hot-
dip process.

0.06
max

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.50
max

0.20
max

0.020
max

0.030
max

… Al 0.01 min; Mo 0.06 max;
Nb 0.008 max; Ti 0.025
max; V 0.008 max; if
C<=0.02 V, Nb or Ti used as
stabilizing elements; Ti:N
ration<=3.4.



ASTM A424 (2000) Type II Sheet steel in coils and cut
lengths for porcelain
enameling.

0.05
max

… … 0.50
max

… 0.020
max

0.030
max

… Al>=0.010 when used as
deoxidizing agent;
microalloying elements
permitted.



ASTM A463/
A463M (2002a)

CS Type B Al-coated sheet in coils and
cut lengths; mech props
nonmandatory (long.)

0.02-
0.15

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.60
max

0.20
max

0.030
max

0.035
max

… Mo 0.06 max; Nb 0.008
max; Ti 0.025 max; V 0.008
max; Avoid C<0.02;
Al<=0.01 if deoxidized; Ti:N
ration<=3.4.

205-345 YS; 20
min El

ASTM A463/
A463M (2002a)

CS Type C Al-coated sheet in coils and
cut lengths; mech props
nonmandatory (long.)

0.08
max

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.60
max

0.20
max

0.10
max

0.035
max

… Mo 0.06 max; Nb 0.008
max; Ti 0.025 max; V 0.008
max; Al<=0.01 if deoxidized;
if C<=0.02 then V, Nb or Ti
can be used as stabilizing
elements; Ti:N ration<=3.4.

170-380 YS; 15
min El

ASTM A463/
A463M (2002a)

DDS Al-coated (Coating Type 1)
sheet in coils and cut lengths;
mech props nonmandatory
(long.)

0.06
max

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.50
max

0.20
max

0.020
max

0.025
max

… Al 0.01 min; Mo 0.06 max;
Nb 0.008 max; Ti 0.025
max; V 0.008 max; C<=0.02
then V, Nb or Ti can be used
as stabilizing elements; Ti:N
ration<=3.4.

140-240 YS; 32
min El

ASTM A463/
A463M (2002a)

FS Al-coated sheet in coils and
cut lengths; mech props
nonmandatory (long.); not
furnished as stabilized steel

0.02-
0.10

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.50
max

0.20
max

0.020
max

0.030
max

… Mo 0.06 max; Nb 0.008
max; Ti 0.025 max; V 0.008
max; Al<=0.01 if deoxidized;
Ti:N ration<=3.4.

170-310 YS; 26
min El

ASTM A510/
A510M (2003)

1005 Nonresulfurized carbon steel
wire rods and uncoated
coarse round wire in coils or
cut lengths

0.06
max

… … 0.35
max

… 0.040
max

0.050
max

… … …

ASTM A510/
A510M (2003)

G10060 Nonresulfurized carbon steel
wire rods and uncoated
coarse round wire in coils or
cut lengths

0.08
max

… … 0.25-
0.40

… 0.040
max

0.050
max

… … …

ASTM A568/
A568M (2004)

1004 Carbon sheet steel in coils
and cut lengths.

0.02-
0.06

… … 0.35
max

… 0.030
max

0.035
max

… Si if required. …

ASTM A568/
A568M (2004)

1005 Carbon sheet steel in coils
and cut lengths.

0.06
max

… … 0.35
max

… 0.030
max

0.035
max

… Si if required. …

ASTM A568/
A568M (2004)

1006 Carbon sheet steel in coils
and cut lengths.

0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.030
max

0.035
max

… Si if required. …

ASTM A568/
A568M (2004)

1006A Carbon sheet steel in coils
and cut lengths.

0.02-
0.08

… … 0.45
max

… 0.030
max

0.035
max

… Si if required. …

ASTM A568/
A568M (2004)

1007 Carbon sheet steel in coils
and cut lengths.

0.02-
0.10

… … 0.50
max

… 0.030
max

0.035
max

… Si if required. …

ASTM A653/
A653M (2004a)

CS Type B Steel sheet, Zn-coated or Zn-
Fe alloy-coated by hot-dip in
coils and cut lengths; mech
props (nonmandatory).

0.02-
0.15

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.60
max

0.20
max

0.030
max

0.035
max

… Mo 0.06 max; Nb 0.008
max; Ti 0.025 max; V 0.008
max; Avoid C<0.02; Al>0.01
if deoxidized; Ti:N
ration<=3.4.

205-380 YS; 20
min El

USA (Continued)

Low-carbon steel and HSLA steel, 1005/ 1006 (Continued)

Page 8

Section 1 Carbon steel / 55

Specification Designation Notes C Cr Cu Mn Ni P S Si Other Properties

Exchangeability is only possible after independent examination of specifications. Properties are minimum or typical as specified. UTS and YS as MPa. El as %. *Indicates inactive,
non-current, or unverified material or specification. See Appendix for abbreviations.

ASTM A653/
A653M (2004a)

CS Type C Steel sheet, Zn-coated or Zn-
Fe alloy-coated by hot-dip in
coils and cut lengths; mech
props (nonmandatory).

0.08
max

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.60
max

0.20
max

0.100
max

0.035
max

… Mo 0.06 max; Nb 0.008
max; Ti 0.025 max; V 0.008
max; Al>=0.01 if deoxidized;
if C<0.02 V, Nb or Ti can be
used as stabilizing
elements; Ti:N ration<=3.4

170-410 YS; 15
min El

ASTM A653/
A653M (2004a)

DDS Steel sheet, Zn-coated or Zn-
Fe alloy-coated by hot-dip in
coils and cut lengths; mech
props (nonmandatory).

0.06
max

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.50
max

0.20
max

0.020
max

0.025
max

… Al 0.01 min; Mo 0.06 max;
Nb 0.008 max; Ti 0.025
max; V 0.008 max; C<0.02
V, Nb or Ti can be used as
stabilizing elements; Ti:N
ration<=3.4

140-240 YS; 32
min El

ASTM A653/
A653M (2004a)

FS Type B Steel sheet, Zn-coated or Zn-
Fe alloy-coated by hot-dip in
coils and cut lengths; mech
props (nonmandatory).

0.02-
0.10

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.50
max

0.20
max

0.020
max

0.030
max

… Mo 0.06 max; Nb 0.008
max; Ti 0.025 max; V 0.008
max; Avoid C<0.02;
Al>=0.01 if deoxidized; Ti:N
ration<=3.4.

170-310 YS; 26
min El

ASTM A792/
A792M (2003)

CS Type B 55% Al-Zn alloy-coated by
the hot-dip process;
nonmandatory mech props.

0.02-
0.15

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.60
max

0.20
max

0.030
max

0.035
max

… Mo 0.06 max; Nb 0.008
max; Ti 0.025 max; V 0.008
max; Ti dependent on Ti to
N ratio; Al>=0.01 if
deoxidized; avoid C<0.02.

245-410 YS; 20
min El

ASTM A792/
A792M (2003)

CS Type C 55% Al-Zn alloy-coated by
the hot-dip process;
nonmandatory mech props.

0.08
max

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.60
max

0.20
max

0.10
max

0.035
max

… Mo 0.06 max; Nb 0.008
max; Ti 0.025 max; V 0.008
max; Ti dependent on Ti to
N ratio; Al>=0.01 if
deoxidized; If C>0.02, then
V, Nb, Ti may be used as
stabilizing elements.

205-450 YS; 15
min El

ASTM A792/
A792M (2003)

DS 55% Al-Zn alloy-coated by
the hot-dip process;
nonmandatory mech props.

0.06
max

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.50
max

0.20
max

0.020
max

0.025
max

… Al 0.01 min; Mo 0.06 max;
Nb 0.008 max; Ti 0.025
max; V 0.008 max; Ti
dependent on Ti to N ratio;
If C>0.02, then V, Nb, Ti
may be used as stabilizing
elements.

140-240 YS; 30
min El

ASTM A792/
A792M (2003)

FS 55% Al-Zn alloy-coated by
the hot-dip process;
nonmandatory mech props.

0.02-
0.10

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.50
max

0.20
max

0.020
max

0.030
max

… Mo 0.06 max; Nb 0.008
max; Ti 0.025 max; V 0.008
max; Ti dependent on Ti to
N ratio; Al>=0.01 if
deoxidized; avoid C<0.02.

170-275 YS; 24
min El

ASTM A792/
A792M (2003)

HTS 55% Al-Zn alloy-coated by
the hot-dip process;
nonmandatory mech props.

0.02-
0.15

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.60
max

0.20
max

0.040
min

0.035
max

… Mo 0.06 max; Nb 0.008
max; Ti 0.025 max; V 0.008
max; Ti dependent on Ti to
N ratio; Al>=0.01 if
deoxidized.

205-450 YS; 15
min El

ASTM A818-91
(2001)

Grade 1006 Coppered carbon steel wire
supplied in coils for general
use; ann.

… … … … … … … … … 415 min UTS

ASTM A818-91
(2001)

Grade 1006 Coppered carbon steel wire
supplied in coils for general
use; ann-in-process,
thermally treated; UTS varies
with diameter.

… … … … … … … … … 485 min UTS

ASTM A818-91
(2001)

Grade 1006 Coppered carbon steel wire
supplied in coils for general
use; hard drawn, no thermal
treatment; UTS varies with
diameter.

… … … … … … … … … 415 min UTS

ASTM A830/
A830M (2002)

G10060 Structural quality carbon
steel plates furnished to
chemical composition
requirements.

0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.035
max

0.04
max

… … …

ASTM A853 (2004) G10060 Carbon steel wire, supplied in
coils, for general use; ann,
UTS varies with diameter

… … … … … … … … Chemical ranges and limits
shall be in accordance with
ASTM A751

415 max UTS

ASTM A853 (2004) G10060 Carbon steel wire, supplied in
coils, for general use; ann-in-
process, UTS varies with
diameter.

… … … … … … … … Chemical ranges and limits
shall be in accordance with
ASTM A751

485-655 UTS

ASTM A853 (2004) G10060 Carbon steel wire, supplied in
coils, for general use; hard
drawn, UTS varies with
diameter.

… … … … … … … … Chemical ranges and limits
shall be in accordance with
ASTM A751

415-725 UTS

ASTM A875/
A875M (2002a)

CS Type B Steel sheets, in coils and cut
lengths, metallic-coated by
hot-dip; nonmandatory mech
props (long.)

0.02-
0.15

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.60
max

0.20
max

0.030
max

0.035
max

… Mo 0.06 max; Nb 0.008
max; Ti 0.025 max; V 0.008
max; Ti dependent on Ti to
N ratio; Al>=0.01 if
deoxidized; avoid C<0.02.

205-345 YS; 20
min El

ASTM A875/
A875M (2002a)

CS Type C Steel sheets, in coils and cut
lengths, metallic-coated by
hot-dip; nonmandatory mech
props (long.)

0.08
max

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.60
max

0.20
max

0.10
max

0.035
max

… Mo 0.06 max; Nb 0.008
max; Ti 0.025 max; V 0.008
max; Ti dependent on Ti to
N ratio; Al>=0.01 if
deoxidized; if C<=0.02 then
V, Nb, Ti used as stabilizing
elements.

170-380 YS; 15
min El

ASTM A875/
A875M (2002a)

DDS Steel sheets, in coils and cut
lengths, metallic-coated by
hot-dip; nonmandatory mech
props (long.)

0.06
max

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.50
max

0.20
max

0.020
max

0.025
max

… Al 0.01 min; Mo 0.06 max;
Nb 0.008 max; Ti 0.025
max; V 0.008 max; Ti
dependent on Ti to N ratio; if
C<=0.02 then V, Nb, Ti used
as stabilizing elements.

140-240 YS; 32
min El

USA (Continued)

Low-carbon steel and HSLA steel, 1005/ 1006 (Continued)

Page 9

56 / Section 1 Carbon steel

Exchangeability is only possible after independent examination of specifications. Properties are minimum or typical as specified. UTS and YS as MPa. El as %. *Indicates inactive,
non-current, or unverified material or specification. See Appendix for abbreviations.

Specification Designation Notes C Cr Cu Mn Ni P S Si Other Properties

Section 1 Carbon steel

Low-carbon steel and HSLA steel, 1008/ 1009

ASTM A875/
A875M (2002a)

FS Type B Steel sheets, in coils and cut
lengths, metallic-coated by
hot-dip; nonmandatory mech
props (long.)

0.02-
0.10

0.15
max

0.20
max

0.50
max

0.20
max

0.020
max

0.030
max

… Mo 0.06 max; Nb 0.008
max; Ti 0.025 max; V 0.008
max; Ti dependent on Ti to
N ratio; Al>=0.01 if
deoxidized; avoid C<0.02.

170-310 YS; 26
min El

SAE J1397 (1992) 1006 Nonresulfurized carbon steel
bars; CD.

… … … 1.00
max

… … … … … 330 min UTS; 280
min YS; 20 min
El; 95 HB

SAE J1397 (1992) 1006 Nonresulfurized carbon steel
bars; HR.

… … … 1.00
max

… … … … … 300 min UTS; 170
min YS; 30 min
El; 86 HB

SAE J2329 (1997) Grade 4 Low C sheet steel for
identified parts and
fabrication processes; CR,
coated and uncoated.

0.08
max

… … 0.40
max

… 0.025
max

0.025
max

… Al 0.020 min; C 0.015 min if
suffix C used.

270 min UTS;
140-185 YS; 40
min El

SAE J403 (1995) 1005 Bar wire rod seamless tube
HR cold formed

0.06
max

… … 0.35
max

… 0.030
max

0.050
max

… … …

SAE J403 (1995) 1006 Bar wire rod seamless tube
HR cold formed

0.08
max

… … 0.25-
0.40

… 0.030
max

0.050
max

… … …

SAE J403 (1995) 1006 Structural shapes plate, strip
sheet welded tube

0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.030
max

0.035
max

… … …

SP Manual (1993) 1005 Wire rod 0.06
max

… … 0.35
max

… 0.040
max

0.050
max

… Several ranges common for
Si; Cu 0.20 min if required



SP Manual (1993) 1006 Wire rod 0.08
max

… … 0.25-
0.40

… 0.040
max

0.050
max

… Several ranges common for
Si; Cu 0.20 min if required



SP Manual (1997) 1006 Plate 0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.030
max

0.035
max

… … …

SP Manual (1998) 1006 Structural shapes, HR 0.08
max

… … 0.45
max

… 0.030
max

0.035
max

… Several ranges common for
Si



UNS (1999)* UNS G10050* … 0.06
max

… … 0.35
max

… 0.040
max

0.050
max

… … …

UNS (1999)* UNS G10060* … 0.08
max

… … 0.25-
0.40

… 0.040
max

0.050
max

… Sheets and Plates, Mn 0.25-
0.45



UNS (2004) UNS G10050 … 0.06
max

… … 0.35
max

… 0.030
max

0.050
max

… … …

UNS (2004) UNS G10060 … 0.08
max

… … 0.25-
0.40

… 0.030
max

0.050
max

… … …

UNS (2004) UNS G10060 Sheet, plate 0.08
max

… … 0.25-
0.45

… 0.030
max

0.050
max

… … …

UNS (2004) UNS K00606 Carbon steel welding wire 0.06
max

… 0.15
max

0.25
max

… 0.040
max

0.040
max

0.08
max

… …

UNS (2004) UNS K00801* Enameling steel 0.08
max

… … 0.20
max

… 0.015
max

0.040
max

… … …

UNS (2004) UNS K00912
(EL12N)

Steel electrode 0.04-
0.14

… 0.08
max

0.25-
0.60

… 0.012
max

0.030
max

0.10
max

V 0.05 max; total other
elements (except Fe) 0.50
max



UNS (2004) UNS K01012 (EL12) Steel electrode 0.04-
0.14

… 0.35
max

0.25-
0.60

… 0.030
max

0.030
max

0.10
max

total other elements (except
Fe) 0.50 max



Argentina
IAS IRAM 1008 … 0.10

max
… … 0.30-

0.70
… 0.040

max
0.050
max

0.10
max

… 300-380 UTS;
190-250 YS; 30-
38 El; 85-110 HB

Australia
AS 1442 K1008* Bar, billet 0.1 … … 0.25-

0.5
… 0.05 0.05 0.1-

0.35
… …

AS 1442 R1008* Bar, billet 0.1 … … 0.25-
0.5

… 0.04 0.05 … … …

AS 1442 S1008* Bar, billet 0.1 … … 0.25-
0.5

… 0.05 0.05 0.35 … …

AS 1442 (1992) 1008 HR bar, semifinished (may
treat w/microalloying
elements)

0.10
max

… … 0.25-
0.50

… 0.040
max

0.040
max

0.10-
0.35

Si<=0.10 for Al-killed …

AS 1443 K1008* Bar 0.1 … … 0.25-
0.5

… 0.05 0.05 0.1-
0.35

… …

AS 1443 R1008* … 0.1 … … 0.25-
0.5

… 0.04 0.05 … … …

AS 1443 S1008* Bar 0.1 … … 0.25-
0.5

… 0.05 0.05 0.35 … …

AS 1446 C1008* Withdrawn 0.1 … … 0.25-
0.5

… 0.04 0.04 … … …

AS 1446 R1008* Withdrawn 0.1 … … 0.25-
0.5

… 0.04 0.05 … … …

AS 1446 S1008* Withdrawn 0.1 … … 0.25-
0.5

… 0.05 0.05 0.35 … …

AS 1585 Part 2 Temper 4* Withdrawn 0.1 … … 0.5 … 0.04 0.04 … Fe 99.32 …
AS 1585 Part 2 Temper 5* Withdrawn, sheet, strip 0.1 … … 0.5 … 0.04 0.04 … Fe 99.32 …
AS 1585 Part 2 Temper 6* Withdrawn, sheet, strip 0.1 … … 0.5 … 0.04 0.04 … Fe 99.32 …
AS 1594 HRC* Withdrawn, sheet, strip, HR 0.1 … … 0.5 … 0.03 0.035 … Fe 99.335 …
AS 1595 ICRC* … 0.1 … … 0.5 … 0.03 0.035 … Fe 99.335 …

Austria
ONORM M3110 RC10 Wire 0.06-

0.10
… … 0.5

max
… 0.040

max
0.040
max

0.3
max

… …

ONORM M3110 UC10 Wire 0.06-
0.10

… … 0.5
max

… 0.040
max

0.040
max

0.15 … …

USA (Continued)

Low-carbon steel and HSLA steel, 1005/ 1006 (Continued)

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