Download Utopia 2013 Introduction to Law Primer PDF

TitleUtopia 2013 Introduction to Law Primer
Tags Fourth Amendment To The United States Constitution Sovereign State Search And Seizure
File Size2.6 MB
Total Pages39
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Page 1

THE FRATERNAL ORDER OF UTOPIA THE FRATERNAL ORDER OF UTOPIA 

Introduction to Law PrimerIntroduction to Law Primer

2013 Edition2013 Edition

Page 39

THE FRATERNAL ORDER OF UTOPIA 

34

 A “judicial opinion” is a court’s reasoned
explanation of its decision. It is merely an explanation of 
reasons for judgment

. A case decided by an entire court. It is
the most persuasive opinion in our judicial system, right
below a Supreme Court opinion.

. Agrees with the result, but for different
reasons.

. Objects to the result of the majority
opinion.

. A “majority opinion” is one in which more
than half the court agrees with the result and the reasoning.

in which a majority agrees with the result but not with the
reasoning.

in equity.

or written court directive on a
question of law, as opposed to equity, punishable by
contempt if disobeyed.

court order made during lititgation,

and necessarily before judgment.

11 Gerald Lebovits, Technique: A Legal Method to the Madnes , 75
New York Bar Association Journal 64, 64 (2003).

 A “judgments” is the final resolution of an action
or proceeding.

 A “decision” resolves a motion, application,
 write, or appeal.

Rulings and judgments, not rules or reasoning,
are affirmed or reversed. Rules and reasoning are followed
or not followed.

The decision of a lower court is met with approval
by a higher court. If a case has more than one decision, one
can be affirmed and another reversed.

The decision of a lower court is reversed.

lower court

 with directions to redo or reconsider some aspect of the
case.

“disapproved”, not
overturned or overruled, by a later case, not reversed or
modified directly.

 A case or issue is “upheld” or
“overturned” by another, later case

Courts “sustain” (allow) or “overrule”
(disallow) objections

Decisions can be “modified”, meaning the
modifications can cover one or more aspect of a

11

.

. A “plurality opinion” resolves an appeal

. A “decree” decides a motion or matter that sounds

 An “order” is an oral

 A “ruling” is a

 A case “remanded” is returned to a

 A lower court’s opinion is

Motions are “granted” or “denied”

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