Download Transformation Audit · 2011 PDF

TitleTransformation Audit · 2011
LanguageEnglish
File Size2.1 MB
Total Pages130
Document Text Contents
Page 1

Transformation
Audit · 2011

Economic Governance:
Policy stability amidst
global volatility

Employment: Is the
labour movement
still representing
the working class?

Education: School
ratings that miss
the mark?

Poverty and
Inequality:
Unsustainable
development?

Public Opinion:
Economic insecurity in
a time of uncertainty

From inequality to inclusive growth
South Africa's pursuit of shared prosperity in extraordinary times

Page 2

2011 Transformation Audit: Building an Inclusive Economy in Troubled Times I

From Inequality
to Inclusive Growth

South Africa’s pursuit of shared prosperity in extraordinary times

Edited by Jan Hofmeyr

Institute for Justice and Reconciliation
www.ijr.org.za

Page 65

48 2011 Transformation Audit: From Inequality to Inclusive Growth

89%
LiTeRACY RATeS

100

80

70

90

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

Brazil China Egypt India Indonesia Nigeria Russian
Federation

South
Africa

Source: The State of the World’s Children 2011, UNICEF, Tables 1 and 5

Note: * Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified in the
column heading.

Total youth (15–24)
literacy rate % 2004–2008*

Skills and Education at a Glance

An underperforming education system continues to be a major obstacle to increased employment in a labour market that is strongly skills-
biased. At present less than 20 per cent of South Africa’s labour force is in possession of a tertiary qualification (degree or certificate).
Despite significant budget allocations (education still remains the single largest line of government expenditure), progress has been slow.
While access to educational institutions has increased, the quality of outcomes remains disappointing, when compared to the country’s
emerging market peers, but also when measured against that of several other African states.

Youth literacy rate
for South Africa

2011 National Senior Certificate (NSC) results in perspective

national performance 2008 2009 2010 2011

Number of candidates 533 561 552 073 537 543 496 090

Number of passes 334 239 334 716 364 147 348 117

Percentage of passes 62.6% 60.6% 67.8% 70.2%

mathematics 2008 2009 2010 2011

Number of candidates 300 008 290 407 263 034 224 635

Number of passes
(30% +)

136 184 133 505 124 749 104 033

Percentage of passes
(30% +)

45.4% 46.0% 47.4% 46.3%

physical sciences 2008 2009 2010 2011

Number of candidates 217 300 220 882 205 364 180 585

Number of passes
(30% +)

119 206 81 356 98 260 96 441

Percentage of passes 54.9% 36.8% 47.8% 53.4%

Source: Department of Basic Education: Report on the National Senior Sertificate
Examination 2011 – Technical Report

Total adult literacy rate
% 2005–2008*

Pe
rc

en
ta

g
e

SACMECQ III DAtA for MAtHEMAtICS AMongSt grADE 6 StuDEntS

700

600

500

400

300

200

100

0

Source: SAQMEC Website: www.saqmec.org/downloads/sacmeqIII/WD01_SACMEQ_III_Results_Pupil_
Achievement.pdf

Note: SACMEQ stands for Southern and Eastern Africa Consortium for Monitoring Educational Quality;
This is an African study done on Grade 6 students; SACMEQ III data were collected during the fourth
quarter of 2007.

SACMECQ III DAtA for rEADIng AMongSt grADE 6 StuDEntS

Source: The State of the World’s Children 2011, UNICEF, Tables 1 and 5

700

600

500

400

300

200

100

0

Ta
nz

an
ia

Se
yc

he
lle

s

M
au

rit
iu

s

Sw
az

ila
nd

Ke
ny

a

Bo
ts

w
an

a

Zi
m

ba
bw

e

N
am

ib
ia

Za
nz

ib
ar

So
ut

h
A

fr
ic

a

U
ga

nd
a

M
oz

am
bi

qu
e

Le
so

th
o

Za
m

bi
a

M
al

aw
i

Ta
nz

an
ia

Se
yc

he
lle

s

M
au

rit
iu

s

Sw
az

ila
nd

Ke
ny

a

Bo
ts

w
an

a

Zi
m

ba
bw

e

N
am

ib
ia

So
ut

h
A

fr
ic

a

U
ga

nd
a

M
oz

am
bi

qu
e

Le
so

th
o

Za
m

bi
a

M
al

aw
i

ZA
N

Page 66

Chapter 3: Skills and Education 49

THREE

1995 2000 2005 2010

30.2%

eduCATiOnAL ATTAinmenT Of nARROw LAbOuR fORCe

eduCATiOn Of empLOYed SOuTh AfRiCAnS bY RACe
(AveRAge numbeR Of YeARS)

meAn YeARS Of SChOOLing Of AduLTS
(25 And OLdeR)

Proportion
of employed
South Africans
in highly skilled
occupations

none

primary
Secondary

matric
matric and certificate or diploma

degree

2000 2010

Source: UNDP 2011 Source: OHS 1995–1999, LFS 2000-2007, QLFS 2008–2010

Source: OHS 1995–1999, LFS 2000–2007, QLFS 2008–2010

1411

12
10

10

9

8

8

7

6

6

4

4

5

2
1

2

3

00

AfricanRussian
Federation

Brazil China Egypt South
Africa

Indonesia Mexico India Nigeria Coloured Indian White All

Formal sector workers in highly skilled occupations

african coloured indian White national

2000 19.2% 18.8% 32.4% 50.1% 27.1%

2005 19.7% 21.4% 35.6% 50.1% 27.0%

2010 21.2% 28.9% 46.1% 60.2% 30.2%

Source: OHS 1995–1999, LFS 2000–2007, QLFS 2008–2010

Page 129

112 2011 Transformation Audit: From Inequality to Inclusive Growth

Van der Berg S (2009) Fiscal incidence of social spending in South

Africa, 2006. Working Papers 10/2009, Stellenbosch University,

Department of Economics.

Van der Berg S & Siebrits K (2010) Social assistance reform during

a period of fiscal stress. Working Papers 17/2010, Stellenbosch

University, Department of Economics.

Van der Berg S, Louw M & Yu D (2008) Post-transition poverty trends

based on an alternative data source. South African Journal of

Economics 76(1): 58–76.

Wildemann R (2008) Public expenditure on education. In Kraak A

& Press K (eds) Human Resources Development Review 2008.

Cape Town: HSRC Press.

Chapter 5
Hindu, The (2011) Corrupt, repressive and stupid. Editorial, The Hindu,

17 August. Available at: www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/

article2362951.ece.

IJR (Institute for Justice and Reconciliation) (2011) SA Reconciliation

Barometer Survey: 2011 Report, Cape Town: Institute for Justice

and Reconciliation.

Moodley-Isaacs N (2011) Bad debt stats ‘are worrying’. Independent

Online. Available at: www.iol.co.za [accessed 2 December 2011].

National Treasury (1999, 2003, 2005, 2007) Intergovernmental Fiscal

Review. Available at: http://www.treasury.gov.za/publications/

igfr/default.aspx.

National Treasury (2010) Medium-Term Budget Policy Statement 2010.

Available at: http://www.treasury.gov.za/documents/

mtbps/2010/default.aspx.

National Treasury (2011) Medium-Term Budget Policy Statement 2011.

Available at: http://www.treasury.gov.za/documents/

mtbps/2011/mtbps/speech.pdf.

OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development)

(2011) Perspectives on global development 2012: Social cohesion in

a shifting world. OECD Publishing.

Rachmann G (2011) 2011, the year of global indignation. Financial

Times, 29 August. Available at: www.ft.com.

Schultz-Herzenberg C (2009) Elections and accountability in South

Africa. ISS Paper 188. Pretoria: Institute for Security Studies.

Stats SA (Statistics South Africa) (1996–1999) October Household

Surveys. Pretoria: Stats SA.

Stats SA (2000–2001) Labour Force Surveys. Pretoria: Stats SA.

Stats SA (2002–2009) General Household Surveys. Pretoria: Stats SA.

Stats SA (2011) Statistics of liquidations and insolvencies – October 2011.

Pretoria: Stats SA.

Page 130

The 2011 Transformation Audit presents a collection of articles

by South African thought leaders, which asks how the country

can set goals and achieve them in a hostile global climate that

threatens developmental gains that have been painstakingly

achieved. For nearly two decades, South Africans have

conducted exhaustive analyses of the country’s challenges,

embarked on bold scenario exercises and, more recently,

produced forward-looking strategies aimed at addressing

these challenges. The most eminent of these in recent years

were the Department of Economic Development’s New Growth

Path, and the National Planning Commission’s Draft National

Development Plan. We know now what the problems are and,

by and large, what needs to change to address them. Courage

is required now to forge consensus, to take decisions on

strategies, and to start implementing them. As in previous

years, this publication, with its slightly different format and

appearance, seeks to provide analysis and provoke debate on

how this might be achieved.

2011 Transformation Audit: From Inequality to Inclusive Growth

Similer Documents