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Page 1

Fbuzi El-Asmar

The Institute for Ralestine Studies

Page 2

TO BE
AN ARAB IN ISRAEL

BY

FOUZI EL-ASMAR

a,,rr *
*hm S^idf A,sblm

THE INSTITUTE FOR PALESTINE STUDIES
1978

Page 127

120 TO BE AN ARAB IN ISRAEL

dustrial estate. This is simply murder of agricultural land, particu¬

larly since the industrial area could have been located in non-arable

land.

6 “I have recently found out that instead of the industrial area,

believe it or not, they are planning to plant a forest. Last year they

planted some pine seedlings there which were fortunately devoured

by goats. I would not be surprised if the goats were accused of belong¬

ing to the Communist Party or of being elements hostile to the State!

A year ago, the land owners tried to cultivate the land, but they were

fined. For a year the land remained uncultivated. The government

could easily have given up this area of land and this is not my opinion

alone, for I shall quote for you a section of a minority suggestion

in the Knesset Committee: ‘The Committee is not convinced

that there is no possibility of relinquishing the plan for expropria¬

tion of the better agricultural lands of the three villages. The ex¬

propriation of this good farmland is not only unjustified since the

government cannot compensate the owners by giving them similar

agricultural land (there is no such land in the area). It is unjustified

since it is not necessary to the establishment of the city, and this in

view of the fact that the planning authority is not planning any

buildings in this area. The Committee therefore feels that the better

agricultural lands along a certain section of the Acre-Safad road

should be exempt from the area confiscated, and that the planned

industrial area west of the town, which is also on agricultural land,

should be transferred to the hilly area above.5

c “This is what the village residents demand,55 said Uri. “If I succeed

in gathering thirty Jews prepared to come with me to Deir al-Asad

to harvest olives in the expropriated areas and to plough this land,

it will be a tremendous achievement. 5 5 5 (Tzipor ha-Nefesh, No. 27,

27 September 1967).

Uri underestimated his influence and did not take into account

the influence, wide circulation and popularity of Tzipor ha-Nefesh.

Hundreds of men responded to his call one Saturday and came to

harvest the olives in the expropriated area which had been declared

a closed zone requiring a permit to enter. Uri was arrested and was

sentenced to nine months in prison. Stormy arguments were conducted

in the press and in public rallies around the topic of Uri’s arrest and the

establishment of the city of Karmiel. To this day one can still see

slogans ‘Release Uri Davis5 on the walls of many houses in Israel.

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POSITIVE RESULTS 121

Uri was released after serving his sentence in the Ma’asiyahu jail, but

the lands were never returned to their owners. On the expropriated

lands of the three Arab villages, the town of Karmiel was established

and now has 5,000 Jewish inhabitants, this all being part of the plan

for the £Judaization of Galilee’. Although most of the workmen who

built and are building houses in the city are Arabs, an Arab is not

allowed to buy a house or flat in this town. Moreover, when wealthy

Arabs wish to invest money in Karmiel’s industrial estate and thus

benefit from the tax reductions that are given to an investor in a

development town their requests are turned down, the argument

being that ‘Karmiel had been erected primarily for the purpose of

“Judaization of Galilee” and not in order to be an area for profitable

investment by residents of the Arab villages around it. In Acre there

is a mass exodus of Jews from the city because of the large movement

of Arabs to it. If this recurs in Karmiel, too, we will have to write

if off as a Jewish settlement.’ (Ma'ariv, 30 January 1972).

I remember, early in 1969, visiting Uri and his wife Nira in their

flat in Jerusalem. He suggested that I go with them to visit and greet

Halil Touama at his home village of Rama in Galilee. Halil had been

until his arrest the chairman of the Arab Students* Organization in Je¬

rusalem. He was arrested and convicted for contact with a member of

the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), a Palestine

liberation organization of course illegal in Israel. Halil was then a

law student. After his release, he was confined to his village and was

not allowed to continue his studies. I willingly agreed to the trip. A

friend of Uri and Nira, Christine, took us there.

We left the village of Rama at about midnight. When we passed

by Deir al-Asad, Uri asked Christine to drive into the village, and she

did so. It was a clear summer night, and the moon lit the entire village.

Christine turned off the motor, and we all sat in silence. I felt as though

I was visiting a church after not being in one for years. I looked in

Uri’s face, where he sat behind me, and I saw the deep pain in his

eyes together with a determination to continue the struggle. Even¬

tually, Uri broke the silence by pointing at a certain place and saying,

‘I lived there.’ He added, ‘There my friend Ahmad lives.’ Christine

turned on the motor and we continued on our way.

SARIT

After I was discharged from Rassco in 1965, I was unemployed for

several months. In the meanwhile I met a young woman who urged

Page 253

246 TO BE AN ARAB iN ISRAEL

Mao Tse-Tung 218
Mapai 25, 65, 164
Mapam 22#, 27, 30, 59, 63#, 71, 81, 83

84, 86, 107, 118, 119, 122, 124# 154#
165, 166, 196

Marcuse, Herbert 219
Margoi, Rafi 196
Marx, Karl 33
Masarwa, Abd al-Salem 80
Matzpen (Israeli Socialist Organization)

122, 123, 147, 152, 153, 185, 208
Meged, Ahron 80
Meged, Mati 207
Meir, Golda 22
Mezvinsky, Norton 235
Mi*ari, Muhammad 103
Minister of Justice 105, 230
Minister of Police 106, 206
Minister of Posts 198
Ministry of Agriculture 114, 115
Ministry of Defence 94, 109, 135, 144,

224, 225
Ministry of Education 39, 45, 47, 49,

58, 64, 65, 90, 164
Ministry of Housing 117
Ministry of the Interior 228
Miron, Dan 150, 156, 216
Al-Mirsad 23, 81, 86, 92, 122, 196
Modelanga, Akivah 196
Moked, Gabriel 80, 82, 101
Le Monde 152, 196
Moscow 38
Mu’ammar, Tawfiq 75
Mujahidun 4, 5
Al-Mujtama 23
Mundi, Joseph 206
Murad, Mustafa 80
Al-Musawwar 23, 86

Na'an 34, 86, 124
Na’ashosh 172, 173
Nablus Prison 207
Nahaf 118
iNasser, Gamal Abdul 38, 40# 45, 61, 77,

89# 94, 239
National Coalition Government 189
National Unity Government 136, 137
Nazareth 31, 53, 64, 71, 73, 75, 91, 176,

206
Ne’eman, Yuval 165

Negba 155 ff
Nehru 43
Nicula, Jabra 80

Omer, Dan 145
Ouna, Moshe 97
Oz, Amos 166

Palestinian State 78, 79
PEN 149, 231
Peretz, Y.L. 46, 47
Police Special Branch (LTM) 91, 92, 95.

96
Popular Democratic Front for the Libera¬

tion of Palestine (PDFLP) 217
Popular Front for the Liberation of

Palestine (PFLP) 121, 124, 217, 218
Pravda 153
Pravda Statement 152ff
Pt u raised Land, The 148

Qabbani, Nazar 91
Qahwaji, Habib 49, 60, 65, 67, 68, 70,

71, 79, 80, 204, 220
Qalqiliya 139, 192
Qardush, Mansur 67# 74, 75, 78, 79, 132
Al-Qasim, Samih 123, 149

Al-Rabita 23
Rafah 1
Rakah 152, 153, 157, 208
Rama 121
Ramallah 140, 157
Ramleh 2, 5#, 13, 16, 24, 95, 106, 166,

178, 183, 193, 194, 222# 237
Ramleh Prison 207, 210. 212. 216
Rashpor, Christine 208, 210
Rassco Company 34, 109, 112, 114, 121
Ratosh, Jonathan 165
Red Cross 7
Rehovot 179, 184, 223
Rimalt, David 185, 191, 193
Rimajt, Dr. Elimelech 104# 111, 113,

198, 199, 216
Rimalt, Mrs. 108, 109, 199
Rose al- Yusuf 69
Rosenblum, Hezl 164
Rosh ha-Ayyin 28
Rubenstein, Amon 164
Ruhamah 155

Page 254

INDEX 247

Russell, Bertrand 89

Sarit 121//, 125, 126, 139, 146, 147, 149,
150, 167, 170, 175, 196, 200, 205, 216,
221, 222, 227, 230

Saruji, Mahmud 73, 75
Sartre, Jean-Paul 63, 208
Scheib-Eldad, Israel 164
Schick, Yeshaayahu 157, 197
Seeger, Pete 208
Semitic Action Group 73, 78
Sha’ar ha-Amakim 154
Shabi, Fuad 80
Shafa'amr 75, 132
Shahak, Israel 157, 231, 233, 235
Shalif, Aliza 156, 157
Shalif, Ilan 155ff
Shalit, Nahum 206
Shama, George 53//
Shamir, Moshe 80, 164
Shams al-Din, Badr 91
Shanin, Teodor 234
Shapiro, Jacob S. 93
Sharett, Moshe 22
Shargawi, Abd al-Rahman 63
Shata Prison 207
Shatil, Rachel 126
Shemer, Naomi 137
Shikun Ovdim Company 116
Shim‘oni 46, 47
Shitrit, Bechor 22
Siah 208
Siegelman, Victor 152
Sinai 44
Sindaha, Michel 205
Sneh, Moshe 39
Socialist Committee For Solidarity With

Asian and African Peoples 208
Sokolov Prize 164
Solomon’s Kingdom \79ff
Soviet Union 153, 218
Stein, Mordechai 73, 89, 99, 102, 104,

106, 110, 111, 114, 122, 133, 139, 142,
147, 176, 191

Stern, Mordechai 109, 114
Stone, I.F. 208
Struggle Front 217
Suez Canal Company 43, 44
Sussman, Judge Joel 233

Tabenkin, Moshe 164

Tabu 115
Talmia, Meir 126
Tamuz, Binyamin 80
Tel Aviv 14, 27, 34, 54, 60, 63, 75, 80, 87,

101, 116, 117, 122, 133, 155, 176, 177,
197, 206, 208, 220, 222, 223, 228, 229,
232, 233, 237, 239)ff

Third Force 51, 73, 89
Tiberias 108
Times, The 156
Tito 43
Tomer, Yoav 174
Touama, Khalil 121
Trotsky, Leon 219
Tulkarm Prison 207
Tuqan, Fadwa 191
Tzavat Club 166
Tzetnick, K. 81, 132
Tzipor ha-Nefesh 118, 120

Ulpan 128
Umm al-Fahm 124
United Nations 45, 77, 144
United States 38, 144, 232
UNRWA (United Nations Relief and
Works Agency) 163

Vo Nguyen Giap, General 219

Weinstock, Michael 196
Weizman, Chaim 42
Wesker, Arnold 208
West Bank 144, 146, 157, 166, 186, 192
Witkon, Judge Alfred 233
World Peace Council 23

Yalin-Mor, Nathan 152, 201
Yalu 139
Yanai, Reuben 170
Al-Tawm 22, 23, 85, 93
‘Yebi’ 206
Yediot Aharonot 164, 195, 198
Yehoshua, A.B. 166, 207
Yeridor, Jacob 152
Yitzhaki 29
Yizhar, S. 166

Zach, Nathan 216
Ze’evi, General Rehav’am 226, 227, 232
Zu'bi, Abd al-Aziz 85, 86
Zu’bi, Faruq 59, 80
Zu ha-Derech 152, 206

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