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TitleThe Victorian Eye: A Political History of Light and Vision in Britain, 1800-1910
Author
LanguageEnglish
File Size14.9 MB
Total Pages386
Document Text Contents
Page 1

Contents

Illustrations vi

Acknowledgments ix

Introduction: Light, V ision, and Power 1

1 The V ictorian Eye: The Physiology, Sociology, and
Spatiality of Vision, 1 8 0 0 -1 9 0 0 22

2 O ligoptic Engineering: Light and the V ictorian City 62

3 The Age of Inspectability: V ision, Space, and the
V ictorian City 99

4 The G overnm ent o f Light: Gasworks, Gaslight, and
Photom etry 135

s Technologies of Illum ination, 1 8 7 0 -1 9 1 0 173

6 Securing Perception: Assembling Electricity Networks 214

Conclusion: Patterns of Perception 253

Notes 265 Bibliography 339 Index 365

Otter, Chris. Victorian Eye : A Political History of Light and Vision in Britain, 1800-1910.
: University of Chicago Press, . p 6
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Copyright © University of Chicago Press. . All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher,
except fair uses permitted under U.S. or applicable copyright law.

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Page 2

Illustrations

1.1 Horizontal view of the hum an eye 23
1.2 Cross section o f the retina 29
1.3 M osaic of cones in the fovea centralis and area 30
1.4 Diagram m atic section o f the macula lutea 31
1.5 The m echanism o f accom m odation 33
1.6 Various kinds o f cataract com pared 36
1.7 O peration for strabismus (squinting) 37
1.8 Table ophthalm oscope 37
1.9 Pray's astigm atism test 39

1.10 Correct position for reading by lam plight 42
1.11 Incorrect position for reading by lam plight 42
1.12 Graph dem onstrating the production o f myopia in

school 44
2.1 Court w ith shared facilities 65
2.2 Narrow alley, w ithout sunlight 66
2.3 View through a skylight 71
2.4 The same view, follow ing the construction o f an ad jacent

building 71
2.5 General reading room , Anderston Library, Glasgow 76
2.6 Light curve for a diagonal street 80
2.7 The persistence of darkness 83
2.8 Prism atic basem ent lighting 88
2.9 Calculating the illum ination provided by windows of

different aspects 89
2.10 Stayton's wood paving in Chelsea 94
2.11 Smoke from dom estic chim neys 97

3.1 M eat inspection at Sm ithfield, London 111
3.2 Engineering visual accessibility: the access pipe 112

Otter, Chris. Victorian Eye : A Political History of Light and Vision in Britain, 1800-1910.
: University of Chicago Press, . p 7
http://site.ebrary.com/id/10265915?ppg=7
Copyright © University of Chicago Press. . All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher,
except fair uses permitted under U.S. or applicable copyright law.

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Page 193

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Page 194

CHAPTER FIVE

ii!S
B I t S * L

Figure 5.5 Siemens-Schuckert transportable electric searchlight and tower. The tower is
elevated, and the searchlight is in position. From Nerz, Searchlights (1907).

Signaling was particularly vital to transportation networks: land and
sea traffic was increasing in volum e and speed, so the circulation of sim ­
ple inform ation, indicating position or providing instructions (stop, go,
left, right), was imperative. O n railways, the fam iliar hinged sem aphore
posts were first used in 1841 . These signals were usually placed at a height
o f eight to ten feet in order to be visible in fog. In th e early tw entieth
century, m ost signals were still oil lit, w ith gas or electricity adopted only

Otter, Chris. Victorian Eye : A Political History of Light and Vision in Britain, 1800-1910.
: University of Chicago Press, . p 199
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May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher,
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