Download Test Bank for Criminology 2nd Canadian Edition by Adler PDF

TitleTest Bank for Criminology 2nd Canadian Edition by Adler
TagsCriminology Insanity Defense Crimes Crime & Justice Criminal Justice
File Size164.6 KB
Total Pages7
Document Text Contents
Page 1

This chapter has 45 questions.
Scroll down to see and select individual questions or
narrow the list using the checkboxes below.

0 questions at random and keep in order 

Multiple Choice Questions - (25) Gradable: manual - (10)

True/False Questions - (10) Learning Objective: 01-01 Discuss some of the ways in which the boundaries of criminology change - (5)

Essay Questions - (10) Learning Objective: 01-02 Explain why criminology can be described as multi-disciplinary - (8)

Odd Numbered - (23) Learning Objective: 01-03 Discuss the various influences on the creation of law - (11)

Even Numbered - (22) Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the elements common to all crimes - (5)

Bloom's: Analyze - (1) Learning Objective: 01-05 Explain how a defence can negate one or more of the elements of a crime - (5)

Bloom's: Apply - (1) Learning Objective: 01-06 Outline the influences on law-breaking behaviour - (1)

Bloom's: Remember - (30) Learning Objective: 01-07 Discuss how society deals with lawbreakers - (6)

Bloom's: Understand - (13) Learning Objective: 01-08 Describe how criminologists influence policy changes - (4)

Gradable: automatic - (35)

1. Which of the following would NOT be considered a criminal act?
→ A sleep walker, in a trance, throws a rock at someone and injures them

A woman kills her abusive partner
A convicted sex offender does not register with the police when the court requires them to do so
A drunk person who "blacks out" and kills someone

Multiple Choice Question
Which of the following would NOT be considered a c...

Bloom's: Understand
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the elements common to all crimes
2. People who are passionate about a cause and who use their political, economic, or educational influence to raise awareness

about an issue are called _____.
journalists.
politicians.

→ moral entrepreneurs.
lawyers.

Multiple Choice Question
People who are passionate about a cause and
who us...

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-01 Discuss some of the ways in which the boundaries
of criminology change

3. The legal term for intent is:
actus rea
actus reus
mens reus

→ mens rea

Multiple Choice Question
The legal term for intent is:

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the elements common to all crimes
4. When a person consciously risks causing a prohibited harm, this is referred to as:

negligence
failure to act

→ recklessness
intent

Multiple Choice Question
When a person consciously risks causing a prohibit...

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the elements common to all crimes
5. Breaking into a warehouse and "stealing" life-saving supplies and equipment in order to save lives following a hurricane is

defendable on the grounds of:
self-defence
provocation
duress

→ necessity

Multiple Choice Question
Breaking into a warehouse and stealing life-
savi...

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-05 Explain how a defence can negate one or more of the
elements of a crime

6. Under the defence of insanity, when an offender commits a crime but does not appreciate the wrongfulness of the act, the
legal element of ____________ is said to be missing.

→ mens rea
actus reus
status
concurrence

Multiple Choice Question
Under the defence of insanity, when an
offender co...

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Page 1 of 7

Page 2

Learning Objective: 01-05 Explain how a defence can negate one or more of
the elements of a crime

7. Which of the following is considered a "partial defence"?
automatism
self-defence

→ intoxication
duress

Multiple Choice Question
Which of the following is considered a
partial de...

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-05 Explain how a defence can negate one or more of the
elements of a crime

8. NCRMD stands for:
Not criminally responsible on account of mental defect

→ Not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder
Not criminally responsible on account of mental disruption
Not criminally responsible on account of mental disease

Multiple Choice Question
NCRMD stands for:

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-05 Explain how a defence can negate one or more of the elements of a crime
9. Who initially coined the term criminology in 1885?

Cesare Lombroso
→ Raffaele Garofalo

Enrico Ferri
Paul Topinard

Multiple Choice Question
Who initially coined the term criminology in
1885?

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-02 Explain why criminology can be described as
multi-disciplinary

10. Edwin H. Sutherland mandated that criminologists, like all other scientists, collect information for study and analysis in
accordance with

→ the research methods of modern science.
history.
the law.
what the research design will allow.

Multiple Choice Question
Edwin H. Sutherland mandated that
criminologists, ...

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-02 Explain why criminology can be described as
multi-disciplinary

11. Who generated the most widely accepted definition of criminology?
Cesare Beccaria

→ Edwin Sutherland
Cesare Lombroso
Raffaele Garofalo

Multiple Choice Question
Who generated the most widely accepted
definition ...

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-02 Explain why criminology can be described as
multi-disciplinary

12. Canadian criminologists are faced with a number of factors that make Canada unique as compared to the United States,
including

a higher rate of violent crime than the US.
a higher rate of incarceration than the US.
a harsher justice system generally than the US.

→ differences in values and belief systems.

Multiple Choice Question
Canadian criminologists are faced with a number
of...

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-02 Explain why criminology can be described as
multi-disciplinary

13. Natural-law philosophers believed that
→ some forms of behaviour are innately criminal.

homicide and theft should not be universally condemned.
no behaviours are condemned by all societies.
there is no universal rightness or wrongness of certain human behaviour.

Multiple Choice Question
Natural-law philosophers believed that

Page 2 of 7

Page 3

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-03 Discuss the various influences on the creation of law
14. All early societies punished acts that were detrimental to their existence, such as

homicide.
→ treason.

theft.
vandalism.

Multiple Choice Question
All early societies punished acts that were
detrim...

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-03 Discuss the various influences on the creation of
law

15. Which of the following is considered to be the earliest complete legal code in existence?
the Roman Law of the Twelve Tables
Egyptian law
the Latin law of mala prohibita

→ the Babylonian Code of Hammurabi

Multiple Choice Question
Which of the following is considered to be the
ear...

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-03 Discuss the various influences on the creation of
law

16. According to Emile Durkheim, an act can be considered criminal if it violates or offends the
criminal law.
civil law.

→ collective conscience.
natural law.

Multiple Choice Question
According to Emile Durkheim, an act can be
conside...

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-03 Discuss the various influences on the creation
of law

17. The consensus model of law assumes that
→ members of society by and large agree on what is right.

the appropriate object of criminological investigation is conflict within society.
the criminal justice system is a means of controlling the classes that have no power.
the criminal law expresses the values of the ruling class in a society.

Multiple Choice Question
The consensus model of law assumes that

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-03 Discuss the various influences on the creation of law
18. Criminologists distinguish between which two conflicting perspectives on the origin of criminal law?

political and scientific
sociological and psychological
criminological and criminal justice

→ conflict and consensus

Multiple Choice Question
Criminologists distinguish between which two
confl...

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-03 Discuss the various influences on the creation
of law

19. The conflict model of law assumes that
the appropriate object of criminological investigation is conflict within a society.
the criminal law expresses the values of the ruling class within a society.
members of a society by and large agree on what is right.

→ both a and b

Multiple Choice Question
The conflict model of law assumes that

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-03 Discuss the various influences on the creation of law
20. Criminology in Canada is usually a subdiscipline of:

→ sociology
economics
political science
psychology

Multiple Choice Question
Criminology in Canada is usually a
subdiscipline o...

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-02 Explain why criminology can be described as
multi-disciplinary

Page 3 of 7

Page 4

21. The term "criminal justice system" is
a term coined in 1887.

→ relatively new.
a European term.
synonymous with the term "criminology."

Multiple Choice Question
The term criminal justice system is

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-07 Discuss how society deals with lawbreakers
22. Scientists who study the criminal justice system are referred to as

sociologists.
criminologists.
criminalists.

→ criminal justice specialists.

Multiple Choice Question
Scientists who study the criminal justice system a...

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-07 Discuss how society deals with lawbreakers
23. Criminology generally focuses on the study of

decision-making processes.
the efficiency of the criminal justice system.
correctional systems.

→ criminality.

Multiple Choice Question
Criminology generally focuses on the study of

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-07 Discuss how society deals with lawbreakers
24. Criminal justice generally focuses on all of the following areas except

the just treatment of offenders.
the needs of victims.

→ crime.
the effect of sentencing philosophy.

Multiple Choice Question
Criminal justice generally focuses on all of the f...

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-07 Discuss how society deals with lawbreakers
25. Approaches to crime based on "right wing" ideology are mainly focused on:

rehabilitation
→ getting "tough on crime"

social welfare policy
crime prevention

Multiple Choice Question
Approaches to crime based on right wing
ideology...

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-08 Describe how criminologists influence policy
changes

26. While the morals and values of a society may change, its laws remain constant.
True

→ False

True / False Question
While the morals and values of a society may
chang...

Bloom's: Understand
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-01 Discuss some of the ways in which the boundaries
of criminology change

27. The media portrayal of crime is always evidence-based and adequately informs us of the true nature of crime and
deviance.

True
→ False

True / False Question
The media portrayal of crime is always
evidence-ba...

Bloom's: Understand
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-01 Discuss some of the ways in which the boundaries of
criminology change

28. Raffaele Garofalo coined the term "criminology" in 1885.
→ True

False

True / False Question
Raffaele Garofalo coined the term criminology
in...

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-02 Explain why criminology can be described as multi-
disciplinary

29. Criminology is not an empirical science.
True

Page 4 of 7

Page 5

→ False

True / False Question
Criminology is not an empirical
science.

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-02 Explain why criminology can be described as multi-
disciplinary

30. The term deviance describes behaviour that violates social norms.
→ True

False

True / False Question
The term deviance describes behaviour that
violate...

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-03 Discuss the various influences on the creation
of law

31. Conflict theorists view society as a stable entity in which laws are created for the general good.
True

→ False

True / False Question
Conflict theorists view society as a stable
entity...

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-03 Discuss the various influences on the creation of
law

32. Crime has become globalized.
→ True

False

True / False Question
Crime has become globalized.

Bloom's: Understand
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-07 Discuss how society deals with lawbreakers
33. For most crimes, either the actus reus or the mens rea must be present for the act to be considered a crime.

True
→ False

True / False Question
For most crimes, either the actus reus or the mens...

Bloom's: Understand
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the elements common to all crimes
34. Mistake of fact can be used as a legal defence to a criminal charge.

→ True
False

True / False Question
Mistake of fact can be used as a legal
defence to ...

Bloom's: Understand
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-05 Explain how a defence can negate one or more of the
elements of a crime

35. Criminologists are able to dictate national or provincial crime-control policies.
True

→ False

True / False Question
Criminologists are able to dictate national or
pro...

Bloom's: Understand
Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: 01-08 Describe how criminologists influence policy
changes

36. Explain the similarities and differences between criminology and criminal justice.

Explanation:
Answer will vary.

Essay Question
Explain the similarities and differences between c...

Bloom's: Understand
Gradable: manual

Learning Objective: 01-07 Discuss how society deals with lawbreakers
37. Contrast the consensus model and conflict model of law and crime.

Explanation:
Answer will vary.

Essay Question
Contrast the consensus model and conflict model
of...

Bloom's: Analyze
Gradable: manual

Learning Objective: 01-03 Discuss the various influences on the creation
of law

38. Explain the similarities and differences between deviance and crime, and provide examples.

Page 5 of 7

Page 6

Explanation:
Answer will vary.

Essay Question
Explain the similarities and differences between
d...

Bloom's: Understand
Gradable: manual

Learning Objective: 01-03 Discuss the various influences on the creation of
law

39. Discuss Edwin Sutherland's definition of criminology and why criminology can be described as multidisciplinary.

Explanation:
Answer will vary.

Essay Question
Discuss Edwin Sutherland's definition of
criminolo...

Bloom's: Understand
Gradable: manual

Learning Objective: 01-02 Explain why criminology can be described as
multi-disciplinary

40. Explain what is meant by the statement: "The criminal law, in principle, does not penalize anyone for a status or
condition". Provide an example.

Explanation:
Answer will vary.

Essay Question
Explain what is meant by the statement: The crimi...

Bloom's: Understand
Gradable: manual

Learning Objective: 01-04 Discuss the elements common to all crimes
41. Briefly discuss five different influences on law-breaking behaviour.

Explanation:
Answer will vary.

Essay Question
Briefly discuss five different influences on
law-b...

Bloom's: Remember
Gradable: manual

Learning Objective: 01-06 Outline the influences on law-breaking
behaviour

42. Discuss the relationship between the media and public opinion or perceptions of crime. Provide examples.

Explanation:
Answer will vary.

Essay Question
Discuss the relationship between the media
and pub...

Bloom's: Understand
Gradable: manual

Learning Objective: 01-01 Discuss some of the ways in which the boundaries of
criminology change

43. After reading this chapter, given what you know about the study of crime, how would you respond to the question: "Why
do we have so much crime?"

Explanation:
Answer will vary.

Essay Question
After reading this chapter, given what you know
ab...

Bloom's: Understand
Gradable: manual

Learning Objective: 01-08 Describe how criminologists influence policy
changes

44. What types of careers are available to a person trained in criminology?

Explanation:
Answer will vary.

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