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GUÍA DIDÁCTICA PARA EL PROFESOR
INCLUYE TEXTO PARA EL ESTUDIANTE

EDICIÓN ESPECIAL PARA EL MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIÓN
PROHIBIDA SU COMERCIALIZACIÓN AÑO 2011

INGLÉS

Lina Alvarado Jantus



edicionescalycanto

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Page 113

UNIT 366

BEFORE L ISTENING

1. In groups discuss these questions.

a. Do you run fast?
b.When do you think you would run the fastest?
i. to escape from a fight or war?
ii. to carry a message or news to someone
iii.to win a sport competition
iv.other ____________________________

2. Look at the map and find the countries and cities in the box. Do you
think it is possible to run from Marathon to Athens? And to Sparta?

THE FIRST MARATHON Lesson 2

war

plain

hill

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arm
y

Athens Sparta Marathon Greece

3. You are going to listen to a recording about a man called
Pheidippides. Can you guess what nationality he is?

a. Spartan b. Persian c. Greek

4. Read what Kelly says and answer her question.

5. Study the words in the Pictionary.

My brother Matt is
training to compete in a
very hard race. Can you
guess what race it is?

a. A marathon.
b. A short distance race.
c. A long distance race.

U
N
IT
3

112

BEFORE LISTENING

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PICTIONARY
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LISTENING

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Answers: b.

30

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THE WORLD OF SPORTS 67

6. Listen to the recording. Can you identify the speakers in the
conversation?

a. A professional marathon runner and a coach.
b. Students and a teacher.
c. A messenger and Greek men.

7. Listen again and fill in each blank with the best alternative.

a. There was a big war in __________ BC.

i.49 ii.490 iii.1490

b. Pheidippides ran to Sparta for __________ days.

i. two days ii. two hours iii. twenty hours

c. Pheidippides ran __________ kilometers to Athens.

i.40 ii.4 iii.44

d.Spiridon Louis won the first modern marathon race in __________.

i.1696 ii.1796 iii.1896

8. Listen once more and put the events in the correct order.

a. ___ Pheidippides ran to Sparta.

b. ___ Pheidippides returned to Marathon.

c. ___ Pheidippides died.

d.___ The spartans didn’t want to help.

L ISTENING

AFTER L ISTENING

����������

����������
What difficulties did I have
when listening to a recording?

How many correct answers
could I identify?

LANGUAGE FOCUS The Past Continuous

1. Read these sentences. Pay special attention to the words in bold.
When the Persian army arrived,
the Greek soldiers were waiting for them.
The Persians tried to capture the Greek people
who were waiting in Athens.

2.Which two events can you identify in the sentences?

3.Choose the correct alternative to complete this general rule:
To express two / three different actions that happened at the same /
different time in the present / past, we use the Past Simple Tense and
the Past Continuous Tense.
We form the Past Continuous Tense with the Present / Past Tense of
the verb have / be + verb + -ing / -ed.

U
N
IT
3


113

�� ++ Play the recording again. Ask the
students to listen carefully and choose
the best alternative to fill in the blanks.
(L.A: to identify specific information).
�5:>-9:� )� - ii. *� – i. +� – i. ,� – iii.


� +++ The students listen to the
recording again and put the events in
the order they happened.
(L.A: to identify the sequence of events).
�5:>-9:� )� ,� *. +�

������!���
The purpose of this activity is to help
students reflect on their language process

and to raise their awareness of how they
develop their strategies to become more
effective learners. They should work on
their own but you may help and guide
them when necessary.
Encourage students to keep a record of
their answers in a special section of their
notebooks.
The students read the questions and
identify:
a. The difficulties they had when

listening to the recording.
b. The number of correct answers they

could identify.

��!����� !�����
((((((((((((((((((((((((((

����"�������" A�
The Past Continuous
Remember that this section is designed to
help students revise or discover a
particular language item. The activities are
meant to promote independent learning,
so help, guide and check them, but do not
provide the answers.
�� The students read the sentences from

the recording. Draw their attention to
the words in bold.

�� Now, students identify the two
different events in the sentences.
�5:>-9:� The Persians arrived / The
soldiers were waiting for them.
The Persians tried to capture the Greek
people / The Greek people were waiting
in Athens.

�� The students choose the correct
alternative to make the rule.
�5:>-9:� To express two different
actions that happened at the same time
in the past, we use the Past Simple
Tense and the Past Continuous Tense.
We form the Past Continuous Tense
with the Past Tense of the verb be +
verb + -ing.

((((((((((((((((((((((((((

You may also give some additional
information about this tense, such as:
We use the Past Continuous tense to refer to
the long action and the Simple Past Tense to
express the short action that happened
while the long action was going on.
When we want to link these two
sentences, we usually use while to
introduce the sentence in Past Continuous,
and we usually use when to introduce the
sentence in Simple Past Tense.

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EDICIÓN ESPECIAL PARA EL MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIÓN - PROHIBIDA SU COMERCIALIZACIÓN AÑO 2011



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