Download Revised Penal Code (Codal) PDF

TitleRevised Penal Code (Codal)
File Size187.7 KB
Total Pages25
Document Text Contents
Page 1

Preliminary Title


DATE OF EFFECTIVENESS AND APPLICATION
OF THE PROVISIONS OF THIS CODE


Article 1. Time when Act takes effect. — This Code shall take effect on
the first day of January, nineteen hundred and thirty-two.

Art. 2. Application of its provisions. — Except as provided in the
treaties and laws of preferential application, the provisions of this
Code shall be enforced not only within the Philippine Archipelago,
including its atmosphere, its interior waters and maritime zone, but
also outside of its jurisdiction, against those who:

1. Should commit an offense while on a Philippine ship or
airship

2. Should forge or counterfeit any coin or currency note of the
Philippine Islands or obligations and securities issued by the
Government of the Philippine Islands;

3. Should be liable for acts connected with the introduction into
these islands of the obligations and securities mentioned in the
presiding number;

4. While being public officers or employees, should commit an
offense in the exercise of their functions; or

5. Should commit any of the crimes against national security
and the law of nations, defined in Title One of Book Two of
this Code.

Title One


FELONIES AND CIRCUMSTANCES
WHICH AFFECT CRIMINAL LIABILITY


Chapter One
FELONIES


Art. 3. Definitions. — Acts and omissions punishable by law are
felonies (delitos).

Felonies are committed not only be means of deceit (dolo) but also by
means of fault (culpa).

There is deceit when the act is performed with deliberate intent and
there is fault when the wrongful act results from imprudence,
negligence, lack of foresight, or lack of skill.

Art. 4. Criminal liability. — Criminal liability shall be incurred:

1. By any person committing a felony (delito) although the
wrongful act done be different from that which he intended.

2. By any person performing an act which would be an offense
against persons or property, were it not for the inherent
impossibility of its accomplishment or an account of the
employment of inadequate or ineffectual means.

Art. 5. Duty of the court in connection with acts which should be
repressed but which are not covered by the law, and in cases of
excessive penalties. — Whenever a court has knowledge of any act
which it may deem proper to repress and which is not punishable by
law, it shall render the proper decision, and shall report to the Chief
Executive, through the Department of Justice, the reasons which
induce the court to believe that said act should be made the subject of
legislation.

Page 24

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