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301 Online Quiz items - 2011


1 One of the major achievements of psychology in the twentieth century was

1 the application of tests during the First World War
2 the development of the deviation IQ
3 the development of projective techniques
4 the development of psychological tests



2. Projective tests are not objective because
1 they are scored using simple and straightforward processes
2 scoring is heavily dependent on the judgment of the scorer
3 different scorers are likely to produce the same test score from the same test
performance
4 they are based on responses to ambiguous stimuli



3. Projective tests originated from
1 Freud’s idea that all behaviour was caused by unconscious motivational forces
2 Jung’s theory of psychological types
3 the attempt to develop tests that do not require verbal processing
4 Hermann Rorschach accidentally spilling ink on a test booklet


4. A psychological test is

1 a measure of personality or ability
2 an objective procedure for sampling and quantifying human behaviour
3 a set of questions or items whose answers can be tallied to yield a total score
4 a method of tapping into someone’s unconscious



5. A test designed to decide whether or not students have mastered the ability to multiply two
three-digit numbers together would be referred to as

1 a norm referenced test
2 a criterion referenced test
3 standardised test
4 self-report test



6. Select the norm referenced test from the following list:
1 Driving test
2 Random breath test
3 Pregnancy test
4 Personality test

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7. The main advantage of psychological tests over personal judgement is:
1 Psychological tests use standardised procedures and materials
2 Psychological tests are infallible
3 Psychological tests allow the evaluation of behaviour
4 Psychological tests provide deeper insights into personal problems



8. Compared to psychological testing, psychological assessment usually
1 uses manipulative tasks as part of the process
2 refers to clinical situations only
3 takes less sessions to complete
4 answers hypotheses about the client’s condition



9. The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale is an example of a(n) _____ administered and
_____ referenced test

1 individual, norm
2 group; norm
3 computer; norm
4 individual; criterion


10 Which of the following is not a major psychological construct appropriate for
psychological testing?

1 reaction time
2 emotions
3 psychological disorders
4 personality



11. Which of the following statements is correct?
1 Test developers do not always follow guidelines relating to psychological testing
published by the American Psychological Association
2 The Mental Measurements Yearbook reviews both published and unpublished
psychological tests
3 Test developers always follow guidelines relating to psychological testing published
by the American Psychological Association
4 The Mental Measurements Yearbook only reviews psychological tests not published
in the mainstream media

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12. If we found that the correlation between self-esteem and risk-taking behaviour was
negative, we would infer that

1 people with high-self-esteem tend to be high risk-takers
2 people with low-self-esteem tend to be high risk-takers
3 people who are low risk-takers tend to have low self-esteem
4 The two constructs are unrelated



13. Scores from psychological tests
1 should never be released
2 always reveal the true nature of the person being assessed
3 should always be interpreted with allowance for measurement error
4 are always better interpreted by a computer



14 If a psychologist violates the ethical guidelines of the Australian Psychological Society,
he/she

1 may be deregistered by the Psychology Board of Australia
2 may be fined by the Australian Psychological Society
3 may be prosecuted in a court of law
4 may be prosecuted by the Psychology Board of Australia



15. Concern about informed consent and confidentiality come under _____ in the APS 2007
Code of Ethics

1 Propriety
2 Integrity
3 Respect for rights and dignity
4 Beneficence



16. Concern about competence and psychological assessment come under ____ in the APS
2007 Code of Ethics

1 Respect for rights and dignity
2 Propriety
3 Integrity
4 Beneficence



17. According to the textbook, the Psychologists Registration Board of New South Wales
was established

1 before the Royal Commission into Deep Sleep Therapy
2 at about the same time as the Royal Commission into Deep Sleep Therapy
3 after the Royal Commission into Deep Sleep Therapy
4 at about the same time as the establishment of the Australian Psychological

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Society



18. Transforming scores on psychological tests is done primarily to
1 make use of z-scores
2 aid interpretation of the scores
3 make the scores available for research
4 make use of the normal curve



19. A T score transformation
1 gives rise to a distribution of scores with a mean of 50 and a standard deviation of
10
2 gives rise to a distribution of scores with a mean of 0 and a standard deviation of 1
3 is a non-linear transformation
4. is named after Terman, who was the first to use the transformation


20. A percentile
1 is only used for non-normal distributions
2 expresses a score in relation to the whole distribution of scores
3 expresses a score in relation to the normal curve
4 are linear transformations



21. What percentile corresponds to a z score of -1.13?
1 10th percentile
2 50th percentile
3 13th percentile
4 37th percentile



22. Julie scored 80 on her English test (where the class mean = 66 and sd = 6) whereas John
scored 76 on his Maths test (where class mean = 56 and sd = 7). Who has done better in
relation to their class?

1 Julie
2 John
3 Both are equivalent
4 Impossible to tell



23. Wechsler, in developing the norms for his first test of intelligence, used a stratified
sampling plan because

1 the factors on which he stratified were known to relate to intelligence
2 this was all that was available to him at the time
3 intelligence was thought to be normally distributed
4 sample size was known to be an issue

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24. A sten score of 9.5
1 represents a transformation of z = .95
2 corresponds to a percentile of 84
3 is equivalent to a z-score of 2
4 is obtained by more than 95% of test takers



25. Because normalised standard scores follow a normal distribution, they
1 preserve the differences among the original raw scores
2 are more easily understood
3 are attractive to test constructors
4 do not require the use of the normal curve for interpretation



26. According to classical test score theory, a test score is made up of
1 true score variance and error variance
2 observed score variance and true score variance
3 observed score variance and error variance
4 observed score variance and systematic variance



27. Systematic error in a test exerts what kind of effect on test scores?
1 random
2 consistent
3 unknowable
4 inconsistent



28. According to your textbook, the domain sampling model as originally conceived, could
not deal well with

1 split-half reliability
2 internal reliability
3 equivalent forms reliability
4 test-retest reliability



29. The reliability of ratings from a panel of judges could be determined by
1 correlating their judgements over a number of instances
2 counting the frequency of judgements in which they disagree
3 finding the proportion of judgements that were wrong
4 correlating the number of correct judgements with their true scores

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30. The standard error of measurement of a test score
1 increases as the reliability increases
2 decreases as the reliability increases
3 is equal to zero when the reliability equals zero
4 is equal to 1 when the reliability equals 1



31. The reliability coefficient for a particular test was r = .78. The Standard Error of
Measurement is therefore

1 0.78
2 0.22
3 0.88
4 0.47


32. The Spearman-Brown prophecy formula is so called because it purports to

1 predict the validity of the test
2 predict what the individual’s true score on the test is
3 predict what an individual’s score would be at some future time
4 predict what the reliability of the test would be if the test were lengthened



33. A value of .83 for Cronbach’s alpha would indicate
1 the items in the test were significant
2 the items in the test were valid
3 the items in the test were consistent
4 the items in the test were robust



34. In a situation in which a recently brain injured patient was required to be repeatedly
assessed on cognitive functioning, which type of reliability would be required to be high in
the test?

1 internal reliability
2 inter-rater reliability
3 test-retest reliability
4 both internal and test-retest reliability



35. The Nuremberg code is comprised of ____ principles
1. 6
2. 8
3. 10
4. 12

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