Download Plastics Technology Handbook, Volume 1 PDF

TitlePlastics Technology Handbook, Volume 1
Tags Polymers Thermoplastic Polyethylene Extrusion
File Size14.8 MB
Total Pages106
Document Text Contents
Page 1

Contents

List of figures xxi

List of tabLes liii

Preface lxxv

about the editors lxxix

1. introduction to PLastics 1
WORLDWIDE IMPORTANCE 1
PROPERTY AND BEHAVIOR 6
CHEMISTRY OF POLYMERS 10

Nanometer Polymer 30
MORPHOLOGY/MOLECULAR STRUCTURE/PROPERTY/PROCESS 30

Molecular Weight 31
Molecular Weight Distribution 33

VISCOSITY AND MELT FLOW 33
Newtonian and Non-Newtonian 33

RHEOLOGY 35
VISCOELASTICITY 35
PROCESSING-TO-PERFORMANCE INTERFACE 37

Glass Transition Temperature 37
Melt Temperature 37

CLASSIFYING PLASTIC 42
Thermoplastic: Crystalline or Amorphous 42
Liquid Crystalline Polymer 50
Thermoset 52
Cross-linked Thermoplastic 52

Page 2

Contentsvi

COMPOUNDING AND ALLOYING 54
INTRODUCTION TO PROPERTIES 54
PLASTICS CHARACTERISTICS 61

Thermal Behavior 63
Residence Time 65
Plastic Memory 65
Thermal Conductivity 67
Specific Heat 69
Thermal Diffusivity 70
Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion 70
Temperature Index 70
Corrosion Resistance 71
Chemical Resistance 71
Fire Property 72
Steel and Plastic 74
Permeability 74
Fluorination 74
Radiation 75
Craze/Crack 75

DRYING PLASTIC 75
VARIABILITY 79
ADVANTAGE AND LIMITATION 81
FALLO APPROACH 82

OVERVIEW 85
PROPERTY RANGE 99
PLASTICS PERFORMANCE 111
HEAT-RESISTANT PLASTIC 111
THERMOPLASTICS 114

Polyolefin 115
Polyolefin Elastomer, Thermoplastic 115
Polyethylene 116
High-Density Polyethylene 126
Ultrahigh Molecular Weight Polyethylene 128
Polypropylene 130
Polypropylene Blends 133
Polybutylene 136
Vinyl 139
Polyvinyl Alcohol 146
Polyvinyl Butyral 146

Page 53

Tables lvii

table 2.66
table 2.67
table 2.68
table 2.69

table 2.70
table 2.71
table 2.72
table 2.73

table 2.74
table 2.75

table 2.76

table 2.77
table 2.78
table 2.79
table 2.80
table 2.81
table 2.82
table 2.83
table 2.84
table 2.85
table 2.86

table 2.87
table 2.88
table 2.89

table 2.90

table 2.91
table 2.92

table 2.93

Page 54

Tableslviii

table 2.94
table 2.95
table 2.96
table 2.97
table 2.98
table 2.99
table 2.100
table 2.101
table 2.102
table 2.103
table 2.104
table 2.105
table 2.106
table 2.107
table 2.108

table 2.109
table 2.110
table 2.111
table 2.112
table 2.113
table 2.114

table 2.115

table 2.116
table 2.117
table 2.118
table 2.119
table 2.120
table 2.121
table 2.122
table 2.123
table 2.124
table 2.125
table 2.126

Page 105

Introduction to Plastics 29

Table 1.12 Chemical characteristics vs. polymer properties

imo-rosato.indb 29 8/31/10 3:37 PM

Page 106

Plastics Technology Handbook30

Nanometer Polymer

MORPHOLOGY/MOLECULAR STRUCTURE/
PROPERTY/PROCESS

imo-rosato.indb 30 8/31/10 3:37 PM

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