Download ORION-Standard Training Manual PDF

TitleORION-Standard Training Manual
TagsBeam (Structure) Column Foundation (Engineering) Tab (Gui) Cartesian Coordinate System
File Size14.5 MB
Total Pages286
Table of Contents
                            Orion Standard Training Manual
	Contents
	1.0 Introduction
		1.1 Background
		1.2  Important Notes Regarding This Documentation
		1.3  Overview of the User Interface
		1.4  Orion Modelling, Analysis & Design Flowchart
		1.5  Graphic Editor - General Principles
			1.5.1 Selecting single and / or multiple members
			1.5.2 Update - Editing a member
			1.5.3 Deletion – Single / Multiple members
			1.5.4  Deletion – Selective deletion from a group of members
			1.5.5 Object Snapping (Osnaps)
			1.5.6  Basic View/Zoom functions
	2.0 Building the Model
		2.1 Getting Started – Project Parameters & Settings
			2.1.1 Exercise aims
			2.1.2 Launching Orion
			2.1.3  Creating a New Project
			2.1.4 Settings Centre
			2.1.5 Drawing Sheet Selection
			2.1.6 Inserting Storey Height
		2.2 Creating Axes
			2.2.1 Exercise Aims
			2.2.2 Establishing Axis Directions and Labels
			2.2.3 Osnap methods
			2.2.4 Pick methods
			2.2.5 Editing Axes
			2.2.6 Selecting/Stretching Multiple Axes
			2.2.7 Creating Axes Individually
		2.3  Creating Columns
			2.3.1 Exercise Aims
			2.3.2  The Properties and Options with Columns
			2.3.3   Creating Rectangular Columns
			2.3.4 Inserting Multiple Columns
			2.3.5  Creating Circular Columns
			2.3.6 Using the Polyline Column Editor
		2.4 Creating Shear Walls
			2.4.1 Exercise Aims
			2.4.2  Overview of Options
			2.4.3 Creating a Core Wall
		2.5  Creating Beams
			2.5.1  Exercise Aims
			2.5.2 Creating Multiple Rectangular Beams
			2.5.3  Inserting the rest of the 1st Storey Beams
		2.6 Creating Slabs
			2.6.1 Exercise Aims
			2.6.2 Creating 2 Way Spanning Slabs
			2.6.3  Setting Slab Types Automatically
			2.6.4 Creating Cantilever Slabs
			2.6.5  Additional Slab Information
				Rel. Level
				Slab Additional Load Library
		2.7 Member Re-Labelling
			2.7.1  Exercise Aims
			2.7.2  Changing the member labels
		2.8 Using Tables to Edit Multiple Members
			2.8.1  Exercise Aims
			2.8.2  Changing Properties of Multiple Members
			2.8.3  Changing Properties of One Member in the table only
		2.9 Wall Loads and Additional Beam Loads
			2.9.1 Exercise Aims
			2.9.2  Apply Beam Wall Loads
			2.9.3 Apply Additional Beam Loads
		2.10 Generating a 3D View of the Model and Creating Additional Storeys
			2.10.1  Exercise Aims
			2.10.2 Generating/Manipulating a 3D View
			2.10.3 Inserting Additional Floors
			2.10.4 Copying Floor Data to Other Floors
			2.10.5  Moving between Storeys
			2.10.6  Editing the Roof
			2.10.7 Editing the Storey Height
			2.10.8 Specifying Imposed Load Reductions for Each Floor
	3.0 Analysing the Structure
		3.1 Pre-Analysis
			3.1.1 Exercise Aims
			3.1.2 Pre-Analysis Tab - Parameters, Loading and Materials
			3.1.3 Model Options Tab – Model Analysis Settings
		3.2  Performing the Analysis
			3.2.1 Checking the notional lateral loads
		3.3  Post-Analysis
			3.3.1 Cross Checking the Analysis Result
				Axial Load Comparison Report
			3.3.2 Model and Analysis Results Display
			3.3.3 Analysis Output Reports (for information only)
	4.0 Beam Reinforcement
		4.1 Beam Reinforcement Design
			4.1.1 Exercise Aims
			4.1.2 Beam Design Settings and Parameters
		4.2 Designing all Beams using Batch Mode
			4.2.1 Graphical Review of Passing / Failing Members
		4.3  Interactive Beam Design
			4.3.1 Utilisation Ratios
			4.3.2 The Axis and Beam Information Editor
			4.3.3 The Reinforcement Data Screen
			4.3.4 Beam Detail Drawings
			4.3.5 Standard Bar Patterns
			4.3.6  Modifying the Number and Size of Bars
			4.3.7 Bar Layers
			4.3.8 Modifying bar curtailment
			4.3.9 Beam Loading and Force Diagrams
		4.4  Creating the Beam Elevation Drawings
			4.4.1 Putting All Beams onto a Single Sheet Automatically
	5.0 Column and Wall Reinforcement
		5.1 Column &b Wall Reinforcement Design
			5.1.1 Exercise Aims
			5.1.2 Column Design Settings and Parameters
		5.2 Designing all Columns using Batch Mode
			5.2.1 Creating a Column Schedule
			5.2.2 Creating a Column Output Report
			5.2.3 Creating a Foundation Loads Report
		5.3 Interactive Column Design
			5.3.1 Exercise Aims
			5.3.2 Understanding the Column Design Editor
				The Column Design Editor screen contains the following information:
			5.3.3 Designing Rectangular Column
			5.3.4 Column Slenderness
			5.3.5 Column Interaction Diagrams
			5.3.6 Fixing the Bar Layout
			5.3.7 Link Arrangement
			5.3.8 Shear Design
			5.3.9 Biaxial bending vs. BS 8.1.1.0-Cl 3.8.4.5 design
		5.4 Designing a Wall
	6.0 Slab Design
		6.1 Slab Design and Detailing
			6.1.1 Exercise Aims
			6.1.2 Slab Design Settings
			6.1.3 Member and Steel Bar Label Templates (Additional Info. Only)
		6.2 Create Slab Reinforcement Strips
			6.2.1 Filtering the Display of Slab Reinforcement (for information only)
			6.3 Editing the Bar Layout
		6.4  Creating Slab Output
			6.4.1 Output for an Individual Slab Strip
			6.4.2 Creating a Slab Output Report for the Entire Floor
			6.4.3  Table of Quantities
	7.0 Flat Slabs
		7.1 Flat slabs
			7.1.1 Exercise Aims
		7.2 Creating the Flat Slabs in the Model
			7.2.1 Inserting the Slabs
		7.3 Creating Slab Loads and Openings
			7.3.1 Slab Loads
			7.3.2 Slab Openings
		7.4  Creating Additional Storeys
			7.4.1 Storey Information
	8.0 Building Analysis for Flat Slab
		8.1 Building Analysis for Flat Slabs
			8.1.1 Exercise Aims
			8.1.2 Model Options Settings
			8.1.3 Pre-Analysis – Building Model Check
		8.2 Performing the Analysis
			8.2.1 Building Analysis
			8.2.2 Checking the notional horizontal forces
		8.3  Post-Analysis
			8.3.1 Cross Checking the Analysis Result
			8.3.2 Model and Analysis Results Display
	9.0 Load Chase Down
		9.1 Gravity Load Chase Down Using FE Analysis
			9.1.1 Exercise Aims
			9.1.2 Finite Element Model Generation Options
		9.2 Generating/Performing the FE Analysis Model
			9.2.1 Creating the FE mesh for Analysis
			9.2.2 Performing the Batch FE Load Chase Down
		9.3 Cross checking the Finite Element Results
	10.0 Flat Slab
		10.1 Designing the Flat Slab
			10.1.1 Exercise Aims
			10.1.2 Finite Element – Post Processing Settings
		10.2 Floor Analysis Post Processing
			10.2.1 Deflection Plots
			10.2.2 Loading and Effects Toolbars
			10.2.3 Loading and Effects
			10.2.4  Setting the Concrete Effective Depth
			10.2.5  Bottom Steel Reinforcement Provision
			10.2.6 Creating the User Defined Contours (bottom steel)
			10.2.7 Creating the User Defined Contours (top steel)
		10.3  Exporting and Displaying Contours
		10.4 Exporting to DXF (for information)
		10.5  Designing the Columns/Walls
	Appendix A Wind Loads
		11.1 Wind Loads
			11.1.1 Specifying Wind Combinations
			11.1.2  Applying a Single Wind Load to Each Floor
			11.1.3  Applying Wind Loads directly to Columns & Walls
	Appendix B  Beam Design Settings and Detailing
		12.1 Beam Design Settings and Detailing
			12.1.1 The Design Tab
			12.1.2  The Parameters Tab
			12.1.3 The Bar Selection Tab
			12.1.4  The Curtailment Tab
			12.1.5 The Detailing Tab
			12.1.6 The Layers Tab
			12.1.7 Manually Creating Drawing Sheets
	Appendix C Column Design Settings and Detailing
		13.1 Column Design Settings and Detailing
			13.1.1 The Design Tab
			13.1.2 The Steel Bars Tab
				The Column Lateral Steel Types can be set by clicking the Column Containment sub-tab.
			13.1.3 The Detail Drawings Tab
			13.1.4 To Rationalise the Steel Bars in Individual Columns
		13.2  To Rationalise the Steel Bars in Multiple Columns
		13.3 Creating the Column Detail Drawings
	Appendix D Foundation Design
		14.1 Foundation Design
			14.1.1 Introduction
			14.1.2 Foundation Design Settings
			14.1.3 Choice of Loading Method
		14.2 Pad Footings
			14.2.1 Pad footing design
			14.2.2 Pad Footing Details
		14.3 Strip Footings
			14.3.1 Strip Footing Design
			14.3.2 Designing the Foundation Beam
		14.4 Raft Foundation Design
	Appendix E Load Combinations and the Loading Generator
		15.1 Load Combinations and the Loading Generator
			15.1.1 The Loading Generator
				Defining Dead (G) and Live (Q) Loads
				Define Pattern Loads
				Direction Dependant Pattern Loading
				Stage Construction Cases
				Lateral Loads
				Notional Load
				Wind Load
				Soil Pressure Load
				Temperature Load
	Appendix F Report Manager
		16.1 Report Manager
			16.1.1 Concrete and Form Estimation Reports
			16.1.2 Report Manager
	Appendix G Polyline Column Editor
		17.1 Polyline Column Editor
			17.1.1 Creating an L-shaped column.
	Appendix H Slab Design using FE Analysis
		18.1 Slab Design using FE Analysis
			18.1.1 Introduction
			18.1.2 Creating FE Slab Strips
			18.1.3  Finite Element Model Generation
			18.1.4 FE Analysis Post Processing
			18.1.5 Updating the FE Strips with Reinforcement
	Appendix I Enhancing the General Arrangement Drawings
		19.1 Enhancing the General Arrangement Drawings
			19.1.1 Exercise Aims
			19.1.2 Dimensioning the Grid Spacing
			19.1.3 Dimensioning up the Cantilever Slabs
			19.1.4  Shrinking Axes and Setting Unused Axes to Ghost
			19.1.5 Creating Slab Section Views
	Appendix J Orion Data File Structure and Project Settings
		20.1 Orion Data File Structure and Project Settings
			20.1.1 Project Settings
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

For support and training on the full range
of CSC products, please contact…

Support: [email protected]

Training: [email protected]

Training manual
Standard

Page 2

1 2012 Version 17 April

Contents
1.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................. 7

1.1 Background ....................................................................................................................................................................... 9

1.2 Important Notes Regarding This Documentation ........................................................................................................... 10

1.3 Overview of the User Interface ....................................................................................................................................... 11

1.4 Orion Modelling, Analysis & Design Flowchart ............................................................................................................... 12

1.5 Graphic Editor - General Principles ................................................................................................................................. 13
1.5.1 Selecting single and / or multiple members ................................................................................................................ 13
1.5.2 Update - Editing a member .......................................................................................................................................... 14
1.5.3 Deletion – Single / Multiple members ......................................................................................................................... 14
1.5.4 Deletion – Selective deletion from a group of members ............................................................................................. 15
1.5.5 Object Snapping (Osnaps) ............................................................................................................................................ 15
1.5.6 Basic View/Zoom functions .......................................................................................................................................... 16

2.0 Building the Model ................................................................................................................. 17

2.1 Getting Started – Project Parameters & Settings ........................................................................................................... 19
2.1.1 Exercise aims ................................................................................................................................................................ 19
2.1.2 Launching Orion ........................................................................................................................................................... 19
2.1.3 Creating a New Project ................................................................................................................................................ 20
2.1.4 Settings Centre ............................................................................................................................................................. 20
2.1.5 Drawing Sheet Selection .............................................................................................................................................. 21
2.1.6 Inserting Storey Height ................................................................................................................................................ 22

2.2 Creating Axes .................................................................................................................................................................. 23
2.2.1 Exercise Aims ............................................................................................................................................................... 23
2.2.2 Establishing Axis Directions and Labels ........................................................................................................................ 23
2.2.3 Osnap methods ............................................................................................................................................................ 25
2.2.4 Pick methods ................................................................................................................................................................ 25
2.2.5 Editing Axes .................................................................................................................................................................. 25
2.2.6 Selecting/Stretching Multiple Axes .............................................................................................................................. 27
2.2.7 Creating Axes Individually ............................................................................................................................................ 28

2.3 Creating Columns ............................................................................................................................................................ 29
2.3.1 Exercise Aims ............................................................................................................................................................... 29
2.3.2 The Properties and Options with Columns .................................................................................................................. 29
2.3.3 Creating Rectangular Columns ..................................................................................................................................... 32
2.3.4 Inserting Multiple Columns .......................................................................................................................................... 34
2.3.5 Creating Circular Columns ........................................................................................................................................... 38
2.3.6 Using the Polyline Column Editor ................................................................................................................................. 38

2.4 Creating Shear Walls ....................................................................................................................................................... 40
2.4.1 Exercise Aims ............................................................................................................................................................... 40
2.4.2 Overview of Options .................................................................................................................................................... 40
2.4.3 Creating a Core Wall .................................................................................................................................................... 42

2.5 Creating Beams ............................................................................................................................................................... 43
2.5.1 Exercise Aims ............................................................................................................................................................... 43
2.5.2 Creating Multiple Rectangular Beams.......................................................................................................................... 43
2.5.3 Inserting the rest of the 1st Storey Beams ................................................................................................................... 47

2.6 Creating Slabs ................................................................................................................................................................. 49
2.6.1 Exercise Aims ............................................................................................................................................................... 49
2.6.2 Creating 2 Way Spanning Slabs .................................................................................................................................... 49
2.6.3 Setting Slab Types Automatically ................................................................................................................................. 53

Page 143

142

Slab Design
Creating Slab Output

2012 Version 17.0 April


 Click on the Calculate button to generate an output report.


A Preview of the Slab Report is displayed. Options are available to configure and then print it. You can also save the report in
a number of file formats.




6.4.3 Table of Quantities

The Table of Quantities for the slab strips can be created as follows:


 Right click, select the Arrange All Steel Bars > Steel Quantity Table


 Click to the right of the building, where you would like the table to be
located on the drawing sheet.



















Steel Quantity Table for Slabs


Note: The quantities in this table will only reflect the number of strips cut in the model. It is the users responsibility to
ensure the sufficient strips have been cut to achieve the accurate quantity.

Page 144

143

Flat Slabs


2012 Version 17.0 April

7.0 Flat Slabs

Creating a Flat Slab Model

Page 285

284

Appendix J
Orion Data File Structure and Project Settings

2012 Version 17.0 April

20.1.1 Project Settings

There are various project settings that can be modified to suit customer preference. Once set these will be saved with the
project.

New projects can be created either using the same project settings as a different project, or by using a Template of specific
settings.

An existing project will retain the project settings it had when it was last saved.

If you have an existing project with settings modified to your preference and you would like to apply those preferences to a
new project, simply select that existing project in the Settings Centre when creating the new project and Import the settings
you want. Alternatively, you could create a Template, also in the Settings Centre, which you could then apply to whichever
projects you like.

To revert to the default setting of the program, you can select one of the several default Templates available from the
Settings Centre.

Page 286

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