Download Non metallic minerals available in commercial quantities in Nigeria PDF

TitleNon metallic minerals available in commercial quantities in Nigeria
TagsMinerals Rock (Geology) Natural Materials Chemical Substances
File Size569.8 KB
Total Pages113
Table of Contents
                            Uses
Demand
Uses
	Barytes Deposits in Nigeria
	Table 2.4. Locations of Barite Deposits in Nigeria
	Table 2.5. Physical Properties of Some Baryte Deposits
		Uses
			Bentonite Deposits in Nigeria
	Table 2.6. Locations of Bentonite Deposits
		Uses
		Table 2.7.  Locations of Quartz Deposits
		Table 2.8.  Glass sand Deposits
		Cr                  0.8                  0.7              6.9                 1.9
		CO                  8.7                  12               16                   78
	Table 2.10. Qualitative Classification of Quartz/silica sand
	Table 2.11. Locations of Salt/brine Deposits
	Table 2.12. Location of Gypsum Deposits
S/N
	PURITY
S/N
	S/NO
	S/NO
	Chemical Composition %
		Al2 O3
			REMARKS
Table 2.13. Chemical Analysis of Gypsum Samples from Fika, Fume and Dange
	Uses
Table 2.14. Locations of Feldspar Deposits
	Table 2. 15. Chemical Composition of some Feldspar Deposits
		Potentials
		Potentials
Limestone/Marble Deposits in Nigeria
Table 2.16. Limestone Deposits in Nigeria
Table 2.18. Chemical Composition of Selected Limestone and Marble Deposits
	Table 2.20. Some Locations of Granite Deposits
	Table 2.21. Locations of Ball clays in Nigeria
		Table 2.22. Chemical Composition of Some Nigerian Clays
			Table 2.23. Specifications for Ball clay
				Kaolin Deposits in Nigeria
	Table 2.24. Locations of Kaolin Deposits
	Table 2.26. Locations of Talc Deposits
		Locations of Diatomite Deposits
Table 2.31. Physical Properties of the Bularafa and Abakire Diatomite Deposits
	Insolubles 14.00
	Fig. 10.  FLOW SHEET FOR BENTONITE PROCESSING
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

RAW MATERIALS RESEARCH AND
DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL

(FEDERAL MINISTRY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY)
ABUJA








NON – METALLIC MINERAL
ENDOWMENTS IN NIGERIA






june, 2010

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ii





TABLE OF CONTENTS

Table of content iii
Preface vi
Acknowledgement vii
List of Table viii
List of Figures x

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION 1

CHAPTER TWO

BRIEFS ON THE NON-METALLIC MINERALS 4
2.1 Phosphate 4
2.2 Baryte 7
2.3 Bentonite 10
2.4 Glass Sand/Quartz 13
2.5 Salt 17
2.6 Gypsum 18
2.7 Feldspar 21
2.8 Limestone/Marble 24
2.9 Granite 28

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48

over 90% of the talc used in Nigerian industries is imported. However, if the
Nigeria talc is exploited and processed properly, it would not only satisfy the
local demand, but would also be ready for export because of the abundant
reserves in the country.

Table 2.29. Major Consumers of Talc in Nigeria
S/N COMPANY SOURCES
1. International Equitable Association Limited (Cosmetics and Soap

Div.)
Local

2. Berger Paint Limited, Lagos Imported/ Local
3. Modern Ceramics Industries Ltd. Imported
4. Fenina Hygienically Product. Port Harcourt Local and Imported
5. Starling Nig. Ltd. (Pharmaceutical) Imported/Local
6. E & E Chemicals and Cosmetics, Aba Imported
7. Boots International industries Ltd. Aba Imported
8. Toonal Ind. Ltd. Aba Imported
9. Haco Nigeria Ltd, Ikeja Imported
10. Avon Cosmetics Limited, Lagos Imported
11. A. J. Seward Bullingway, Lagos Imported
12. Lever Brothers Nig. Plc. Apapa, Lagos Imported
13. Michelin Nig. Plc. Trans-Amadi, Port-Harcourt Imported
14. PZ Industries, Ilupeju, Laogs Imported
15. Royal Ceramics, Abuja – Kaduna Road, Niger State Imported/Local
16. Daily Needs Industries, Matori, Lagos Imported
17. Bayer Pharmaceutical, Amuwo Odofin, Lagos Local/Imported
18. Cybele Cosmetics, Mushin, Lagos Imported
19. General Cosmetics Aba-Owerri, abia State Imported
20. Richware Ceramics co. Iluprju, Lagos Imported
21. Ceramic Manufacturers of Nigeria, Challawa, Kano Imported
22 Gateway Ceramics Abeokuta Local

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2.13. MICA

Mica is a generic term which refers to a series of hydrous alumino-silicates, with
the common ores being muscovite, biotite and phlogopite. The three main sub-
groups of mica are differentiated by the proportion of iron, magnesium and
aluminum contained within the crystal structures. The aluminum rich muscovite
and magnesium rich phlogopite (amber mica) are the most commonly used
industrial varieties. Muscovite and biotite are the most common in terms of
occurrence. Mica maintains a privileged position as a unique industrial mineral
for which there is yet to emerge a strong substitute.

Geology and Occurrence of Mica
Mica is a type of phyllosilicate exhibiting a two dimensional sheet or layer
structure. Mica is common in all the three major rock varieties, which are
igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic. It occurs in igneous rocks such as
granites and pegmatite; in metamorphic rocks like gneisses and schist; and in
sedimentary rocks like sandstones, clays, etc.

Location of Mica deposits in Nigeria
Mica is widely distributed all over Nigeria. Substantial quatities are found in the
siliceous gneisses and pegmatite of Moriki district in Zamfara State, also in Kogi,
Rivers, Nassarawa, Ogun, Ekiti and some other states. The locations of the mica
deposits in Nigeria are shown in Table 2.30.

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104

- Loan;
- Equipment leasing;
- Low tariff;
- Foundry development;
- Production of flat sheets;
- Copy technology and reverse engineering of plant and machinery

should be encouraged;
- Establishment of Catalytic Model Factory Projects involving the

development of local plant and machinery to process mineral raw
materials should be encourage;

- Local R & D project to develop the appropriate processing
technologies, plant and machinery etc. should be sponsored and well-
funded.

The processing, development and utilization of the non-metallic minerals has to
be undertaken in a well co-ordinated and organized manner in order to reap the
best benefit from the non-metallic mineral endowment. There should be input
and full co-operation from all relevant government agencies as well as the
private sector. Considering the availability of non-metallic minerals for energy;
relative ease of sourcing plants, machinery and technology; importing
infrastructural facilities as well as favourable investment environment under
democratic rule, there are high potential and bright prospects in non-metallic
mineral processing and development as may be applicable to each of the
member countries

Concluding, the NEEDS document specifically placed the responsibility for
providing techno-economic information on both agro and mineral raw materials

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on RMRDC. Information is to be provided for investors, industrialist,
researchers, policy – makers and other stakeholders, in the following areas:-
- Raw materials availability by sector;
- Location and estimates of reserves;
- National demand for raw materials;
- Industrial uses;
- Processing equipment fabricators in Nigeria;
- Science and technology experts in Nigeria, and
- Quantities and prices of important commodities, etc.
Raw materials resources endowment constitutes an area of strength, which
should feature prominently in Nigerian industrial development considerations. It
is imperative that a systematic approach is adopted in the sustainable
development of raw materials and that is what RMREC is all about and its major
responsibility

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