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TitleLjubav u Toskani i Pitanje Zanrovske Transformacije
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CDC 886.1.09-992Crnjanski M.

JhYEAB Y TOCKAHlf VI I1VITAJ-bE )KAHPOBCKE
TPAHCcDPOMAUVIJE Y ABAHrAPllHOJ I1P0311

PaoueojeMwwn

CAlKETAK: Kan je 0 carnenasaa.yasaurapney cpncxoj KtbH-
iKeBHOCTH pe-r, npennocr ce 06l1'-lHO naje nOe311jH, np11I10Bell11 11
povany. Me1)YTHM, rtyrortnc je, noce6HO KOll Mnnoura Llpn.ancxor
11 PaCTKa Ilerponnha, 11MaO snavajnyynory y pean113aU11jH naxena
aaaurapnuenoernxe. 360r rora ce MOiKe perm na je MHo10W UP-
tbaHCKH H y nyronnc YBOIIHO HCTa OHa Ktb11iKeBHa cpencrnaxoja je
KOP11CT110 y 06mlKOBatby csoje I10e311je 11 CBOjHX poxiaua. Y OBOM
pazry yt-IHtbeH je noxyuiaj li,a ce Jbytiae y TOCKaHU carnezraynpaso 113
re nepcnexruse11 na ce noxaace KaKO je UptbaHCK11 ouaj xpyr rexia
11 rtocryrraxa xoje cpehexroy n.eronoi rroesnjn 11 pouauy Ilueenu« 0
'IapnojeeuhyKOpHCT110 11 Y CBOjOj nyronucnoj rrp03I1.

K.,TbY'IHE PEtIl1: nyronnc, asanrapna,npnnosenau,e, TpaHC-
cPop\lau11ja, rrOJIeMHt-IHOCT, onnc, nepuenunja. KOHTeKTC, enonyunja.

Lfl1T,Ulau Jby6aeu y TOCKaHU he, CaCBl11\l cnrypno, 611Tl1 113HeHa1)eH xan
na CaMOM rrOl.JeTKY cperne l1CKa3: "ITOJla311M 113 ITap113a Y neoecaVIT3JIl1je,
UITO crnuranajy11 .n.yn.ajy napsape."KaKO TO na ce HeKO aanyhyjey nefieca11
KaKBa cy TO, otter, neoecalIITO cruurasajyl1 .n.yrsajy napsape?�L�f�l�1�T�~�l�a�u he
Y3aJIYlI y HeKOJIl1KO cnenehnxpenona11 rracyca Tpa1Kl1Tl1 onronop na mrran,a
ca Kojl1Ma ce cYOY110, lIITO je jacan 3HaK na je nocpernt rrOeTl1YKO rnrran,c,
mrran.e xoje ce rnse npmntmtarro xojmra je 06JIl1KOBaHO l.Jl1TaBO lIeJIO. A
TO, l1CTO TaKO, 3HaYl1 na je nyrorntcau,KOjl1 ce lIY1K Ql1TaBOr TeKCTa nonaura
xao rtpnnoaeztav,1KeJIeo na cnor -nrraouaOlIMax CYOYl1 ca nOeTl1YKl1M OKBl1-
pOM Y KOjl1 Jbyoae y TOCKaHU Mopa zta ce CMeCTl1.

360r caxie YHlheHl1ue na ce CJIHKa CBeTa onvax pam-man.anana aD/Ze 11
eope, na ITap113 11 "He6eca VITaJIl1je", Ml1 jacuo Bl1lIl1MO na je pe-r 0 nacrasxy
OHl1X rrOeTl1YKl1X upra xoje cpehexrol1 y llneeuutcy 0 'Iapnojeeuhyl1 y JIUCMU-
ua U3 Ilapusa, nocefino y nyrornrcnoj npunosecrn(/JuHucUiep. Hexo KO rro-
Jla311 "y neoeca"Y3 CBe npyro je l1 HeKO xora BOnl1 CTpaCT "Koja nonjeznraxo
norpeca KOJIeHa nenojaxa,pe6pa xprosa 11 Kpl1JIa 6y6a" l1 xora je ra CTpaCT
"l13MO)f([[l1JIa". CaCBl1M He06wIHa aajemnma xojy Yl1He "KOJIeHa nenojaxa,
pe6pa xprona 11 xpnna 6y6a" 3aHl1MJbl1Ba je 11 no TOMe lIITO y lheHOM 06JIl1-

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KOBaJ-bY neo pertpeserrryje UC;U1HY, liITO, LIpynIM peuuxra. CTpaCT 3aXBaTa
"KOJIeHa neuojaxa"a He VI lJl1TaBO reno, "pe6pa xprosa" a He Yl cave xprone.

OBaKaB rtpnnunn �C�Y�l�~�1�6�0�J�H�1�l�J�K�o�r npeuoureu.a cnojcrana uenune na jenan
i-beH H3a6paHVI nco neurro je ca lJK\le ce sp.to yeCTO cycpehexioy np0311, na
Yl y noeanjn Mnnoura UpH>aHCKOr. CTpaCT xoja je W3MOIK,rULla reno ouora KO
nOJIa3H y nefieca vIT3.1Ylje CaCBYlM je curypno 11 pasnorna OH KaIKC: "XTCO
caxr na ce crpuornasuvy nasnyx,rrte HI1WTa BI1We He 60.111." AKO aa TpeHY-
TaK y cpeznunre csor HHTepeCOBaH>a rrOCTaBYlMO npocropny oprannaannjy
CIIl1Ke CBeTa y OBOM HCKa3Y, "111 hexro Bl111CTI1 LIa je aasnyx, na CaMl1M Tl1\1 11
He60 oone, pa3JIOr WTO ce y n.era MOlKe CTpMOmaBl1TYl. Kana can noseaceuo
rtpsn 11 rpehn I1CKa3 113 Jbytiaeu y Tockanu,cyo-nrheaoce ca 3al1CTa neo-
�6�W�I�H�O�~�1 CTBapYl - HeKO KO rrOJIa3Yl "y nefieca" (rj. rope) rpefia zra ce �C�T�P�~�l�O�-
rnaan "y saanyx" (rj. zto.re). To 611 y nexo] npyroj BpCTl1 TeKCTa MOrJIO 3311-
CTa 11a nenyje 36Yl-byjyne, 3.1111 kan ce OBl1 HCKa311 ynecy y KOHTeKCT Yl3BaH KO-
jer l1X 11 He MOlKeMO rrepnunnparn, a raj KOHTeKCT ofipasyjy necve Yl pamt
nposnn TeKCTOBI1 Mnnoura UpH>aHCKOr, oLIje11HoM HaM ce YlJl1Hl1 11a y TOM
npeoxperan.y npocropne nepcnercrune rrexra mr-rer qYLIHOr.

HeKO KO MYlJIyje pyKOM "LIaneKa 6pLIa y .nenenerope", HeKO KO y 3aBl1-
xaj yHOCH "upBeHa apna KOpaJIa" 11 noncsyjc l1X ca rpeunsana na CaCBl1M
noceriaa Haql1H nOIKHBJbaBa npocrop. OCHOBHa rtpernocraasa y TOM LIO)J{l1-
an.ajy npocropa jecre norpetia na ce ycnocrane nese "no can He rrocvarpa-
He", aaxaan.yjyhnKojl1Ma ce 11 rroncsyjy 6pLIa <DpywKe rope, CHerOBYl Ypana,
rpennse y Kl1Hl1, np1130pYl ca Janpana11 CJI. Kart xacnuie cpernevo11 l1CKa3
y KOMe ce xaace zta non MOCTOBYlMa na CeHl1 "l1Ma He6a y aozut", Yl1T3.11au
jacuo ocehaLIa je ywao y TeKCT y KOMe ce cnuxa rtpocropaxroncnyjc na neo-
611qaH 11 HOB na-nm, jezmaxo xao IIITO ocehana rnrcau nacrojn na My cxpene
naxcn.y na OKOJIHOCT na TaKBO MOneJIOBaI-be npocropa rpefia CXBaTl1TI1 xao
neo CJIO)J{eHor rrOeTl1qKOr penepToapa, Kao eneMeHT Cl1CTeMCKI1 3aCHOBaHe
nepuenunje.

o TOMe 6e3 YlKaKBe �C�~�1�J�-�b�e CBenOlJYl 11 TO IlITO nyrormcau (a naparuena
nepcnexrnua y Jbytiaeuy Toctcauurpaaor 6alII Ha311B npurronezras 11 nacroja-
neMo na aa TO 113HeceMO Yl nexe noxaae) napnckn npocrop 11 OBaKO nO)J{l1-
srsaaa: .Tleo car« ce na TeWKl1, xao CTeHa, japav Notre Dame, na KOjl1 je
CKaKaJIO asepje on xavena.113Han KpOBOBa, ca BpXOM KOjl1 crp-m 113 06JIaKa
pyvetre npaunnre, orpoxrna Eiffelova KyJIa JbYJb3.1a ce, xao jap60JI, ncnpe-
nJIeTeH lJeJIl1qHl1M KOHonUl1Ma, ca Jby6W1acToM CBeTl1JbKOl\1 ozinacxa 113 JIyKe.
Kao nanexn 3HaK 06aJIe, naJIYlO ce 11 raC110, BI1COKO na nefiy, Meceu." OHO
WTO HaM onvax nana y 0'111 CBaKaKO je TO IlITO Yl1TaB ornrc l1Ma HenOCJIOBHO
snauen.e, IlITO je, npyrnv peYl1Ma, napncxn aM6l1jeHT Onl1CaH xao JIyqKl1
npocrop, WTO je orrac KOjl1 cpehextoCMl1CaOHO HaC)TOI-beH na ormc xojer He-
nocpermo nexra, 3.'I11 je Hl130M naroneurraja npmsan. npernopen y nOD.JTOry
na xojy ce onnc ca KOjl1M ce cpehexio npojcxryje.

3aXBa.Jbyjyfll1 TOM nocryrncy, MIl ocehavoLIa je ornrc pe3yJITaT CaCBl1M
nocefinor LIO)J{YlBJ"baja rtpocropa, ra-nruje 11a je OCHOBHYl nYTOnl111IyeB Ul1}b na
OHO IIITO Bl1nl1 caoa Yl oeoenOBe'IKe ca OHI1\I WTO je Bl11]ao panuje II na He-
KOM npyroxr MecTy. Taxo nOJIa311MO no jour jemre InY3eTHO Ba)J{He upre Jby-
tiaeuy Toctcauu, UpTC xoja l1CTOBpCMCHO l1\la II CI1CTe\ICKIL rj. nporpavcxa

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Be y TOM RaCJIe1)y, jezmaxo nacrojehnna noxaace na KOjl1 cy HaY:I1H Jbynl1 113
HaUIl1X xpajesa cyneJIOBaJIl1 y 06JIl'!KOBaJhy H ryna-ren.vTor HaCJIe1)a.

Kan rrOMI1Jhe Bl13aHTHjcKe H rpsxe cnojene y TOCKaHCKOM KyJIrypHOM
HaCJIe1)y, npnnoncztas rryrorrncau yxasyie na MaTepHjaJIl130BaHe nese 113Me1)y
pa3JIHY:HTHX cpemnra 11 YMeTHWIKHX TBopeBHHa xoje cy nacrajane y JhHMa.
To je jezma BeOMa Ba)KHa TeMaTCKa KOMrrOHeHTa Jbytiaeuy Tocxanu,Ba)KHl1ja
yrOJII1KO WTO jenan neo xynrypnor HaCJIe1)a xoje nocnarpa H aHaJIH3Hpa
npnrronenas nyronncau nOBOnl1 y Be3Y ca CBHM OHHM WTO ce, najrunpe me-
ztano, MO)Ke 03HaY:I1TI1 xao "HaIIle", xao eJIeMeHT Ba)KaH aa 06JIl1KOBaJhe Ha-
we KyJITypHe rrpOIIlJIOCTM. Ilopezt rora nocrojn jeztan npyrl1 Ba)KaH cervetrr
TeMaTCKe peanuaaunje nperrrocrasxe na je "CBe y Be3H". Tlonexan he neaa
H3Me1)y 3aBI1Y:aja 11 onora WTO cpehey TocKaHM 6HTl1 nara Kp03 nopehen,e:
.Basnyx je 6MO caCBHM 06My:aH, a He60 OHO I1CTO IIlTO je Han )lYHaBOM."
AKo, rrax, Y3MeMO y 063MP Y:I1JheHI1UY na je I1CKa3 KOjM CMO HaBeJIH neo ue-
JIMHe y KOjOj rrpnnoaena-r rryronucau ce6e nO)KMBJbaBa xao nexor KO npenso-
nl1 "CBe 6enHMKe Toron.ene11 CJIOBeHe", nocraje HaM jacno na nujc pe» TeK
o caCBMM 06WIHOM nopehen-ynnajy yrncaxa, rroce6HO xazt ce Y3Me y 063MP
OKOJIHOCT na je He60 11 n.erona Cl1M60JIWIKa ynora jenan 011 cpennunsnx ene-
MeHaTa y 06JIl1KOBaJhY TeMaTCKor cnoja nnaa rrp03Hl1X 11 rreCHI1Y:KHX nena
MMJIOIIla UpJhaHCKOr.

Beae M3Me1)y pa3JIMY:I1TI1X xynrypa rtpnnonenan rryronncau TYMaY:M H
OBaKO: "HerrpeKl1nHa rsytiaa, He cnnercaaxao npyhc, Hero nacnarana y npe-
Me, 3eMJbaHO, CJIoj rro CJIoj, paBeHCKH, rrI13aHCKI1, TOCKaHCKH". Kao IIlTO BH-
nHMO, pes je 0 norneny KOjl1 611 ce xrorao Ha3BaTl1 xynrypna reonornja, Y:HjH
je OCHOBHI1 UI1Jb zta ce y ornrcy CTBapM spare ynaaan 11 na ce orxpnje OHO On
-rera ce rrOIIlJIO. 0 TOMe, CBaKaKO, CBellOY:11 11 OBO sanaaca-se:"Ha xaxrerry
JIe)Ke lIaBRO MM noanare cenxc 3allapCKor 11 CrrJIHTCKOr xpaxra xao M xrana-
CTMpa BHCOKH )ley:aHI1; HCTI1 rrM3aHCKI1 opao, MCTH 3aHaT. Ben y XII sexy,
sese cy npocre H TprOBaY:Ke y cnery, aJIl1 ce 113a JhI1X «pnjy pyvene CBI1JIe,
xoje )KMBOT He 3Ha, a xoje ra lIP)Ke." CaCBI1M je OY:HmenHO zta cy xyrrrypne
neae M ynruaju 0 Kojl1Ma je pe-r caxro nonon na ce YKa)Ke na OHe ny6Jbe sese
,,113a KOjHX ce xpnjy PYMeHe CBHJIe" xoje npzce )KI1BOT. PysreueCBHJIe cy, ca
cnrypnourhyce TO MO)Ke pehu, eJIeMeHT cyMaTpaHCTHY:Ke rroertnce. Ysoneha
HX OBaKO Heoy:eKI1BaHO, rrOCJIe jezmor HCTopMy:apCKI1 KOHBeHUHOHaJIHOr no-
pehen.aHeKI1X enexrenara y apxirrexrypn, nyrormcau je OllJIYY:110 na I1X ne-
ran.nnje ,,06pa3JIO)KM": "Be3yjMo CBeT 11 He pacnapsaaajvo ra. Tpe6a ra rp-
JIHTI1 xao jenuo, nparo, HeneJbI1BO 6pno; CMpTM cy nponasne, a 6l1TKe urape-
HH JIerrTl1pOBI1; aJIl1 aenpnne cy BeY:He, naazryx H CKOK urpa-ia." Kao na Hac
je UpJhaHCKH onjennon ttpefiauno y cauo TeMaTCKO cpenmnre noexre Ciupa-
»cunoeo. Taxro cpehevo ,,<DPYWKO 6pno" xao oaarrnohen.ejennor zrparor,
nenersunor 6pna; TaMO je CBeT rrOBe3HBaH, rra cy 3aBI1Y:ajHI1 npocrop 11 OHO
WTO je 011 isera ynarseno rrOCTaJIl1 jenuo 11 TaMO he JII1PCKI1 cyojexr 110 CMpTI1
I1rpaTM CKOKOM "TIl1jaHI1X 6I1na". Ilorpeoana Y:I1TaB CBeT 6yne "jelIHO, nparo,
HelleJbI1BO fipno" -recr je MOTHB y Jbytiaeu y TOCKaHU. TIOWTO je oY:l1rJIenHO
Ml1CJIl10 zta TaKBO 6pllo jour He nocrojn, nyrornrcau roBOPI1 0 norpetin na ce
OHO, KaKO OH xaxce, Ca31111a: .Ta:«. ja y cnery Bl1lIex: na ce CBe MO)Ke npeue-

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HI MOpeM 11, y Tyl)11H11, HayqJ1X: na ce na H11qeMY MO)f(e Ca311lIaT11 6PlIO,
nponehno,MJ1PJ1CHO."

Kazt 6YlIe OrrJ1CJ1BaO KaKO My ce ,,6eCBeCHa J1 6elIHa, ypohenaryra" rrpe-
rsapa y "rrpOBI1lIHY 6e36pJ1)f(HOCT", rryrormcau he HaM OrrJ1CaTJ1 J1 OBO cnoje
ocehan.e:"TaKo ce npofinx Kp03 CTpaUIHe CJIOBeHCKe )f(aJIOCTJ1 J1 Tall, xazt aa
Haj6JlJ1)f(e cnoje zta 3HaM, HJ1CaM BJ1lIle »ceneo J1 CeJIJ1Ma HaIlIJ1M na ce spa-
T11M H11CaM BJ1IlIe yveo, Crra3J1X CJIJ1qHOCT J1 jeznrnocyumrocr xror Cpexra 11
Tocxane, J1 CBe ce CM11p11 11 na 1I06po oxpere, jep J1 CJ1jeHa 3HaqJ1 Jby6aB a
rsytiaa ce, xao Ba31IYX, OKO CBeTa YBJ1ja." Call CMO ce orrer 06peJIJ1 y TeMaT-
CKOM rrpocropy KojJ1 HaM je jaxo 1I06po rr03HaT J13 rrecava Mnnouta Ilptsau-
cxor, a J13 rroesre Ciupaxcunoeonocetino. Taxro heMo CpeCTJ1 CBe OBe ene-
MeHTe, TaKO na je, 6e3 cysur.e, rrocpemr jour jenan aYTOUJ1TaT rrOCTaBJbeH y
TeMaTCKO CpelIJ1IIlTe Jbytiaeu y TOCKaHU. ArIJ1 xao IlITO je TO qeCT cnysaj KOlI
UpI-haHCKOr, rexia ycnocraan.arsanesa 113Mel)y aaan-raja J1 T OCKaHe paaanja
ce 11 ya npucycrso aM611BaJIeHTH11X TOHOBa: "MJ1wJbax 11 ja; na rryr osaj MOj
TaJII1jaHCK11 re-te xao cnart aa MHOM, nyu rperrera 3Be31Ia, y aasusaj, aJI11 H11
paCKOW paneucxa, H11 qyJIHOCT TOCKaHCKa, H11 MYlIPOCT joncxa, C11jeHcKy
Jbytian, 113HeHalIa, H11je CTBOp11Jla; y 3eMJb11 ry je cnojoj, caspena. Y POlIHOM
MOMe Kpajy -rexa Me cY1I611Ha, a ja JIYlI M11IlIJbaX na je 113 Tyl)11He 1I0HOC11M."

1l0K je y B11We nanpara rOBOp110 0 TOMe KaKO y TOCKaH11 rpaxor Jby6aB,
KaKO caxro TaMO MO)f(e rta rrponahe MaTep11jaJI on xojer he Ca311lIaT11 6PlIO,
rryronncau call, oniennov, ce6e rrpornaurasa JIYlI11M 360r TaKBJ1X seponan,a 11
xaxce zta ra caxro y POlIHOM xpajy qeKa cY1I611Ha. IIPB11 1I0Ka3 aa aM611BaJIeHT-
HOCT I-herOB11X ocehan.aHah11 hcxro caxro neurro xacnnic y peQI1Ma: "IIOlI
I-herOB11M (llyqa .n:11 OOH11CeI-ha) 11KOHaMa pexox ce611; eTO, na H11QeM)' Ca3J1-
ztahy 6p.n:0. Hcnozi Mor Beorpazta,H11qer 11 neva, 1I0 CJI0601Ie. He nesyjy Me
crape <popMe 11 06311P11, nnase uryne Cp611jaHcKe jezma ce B11.n:e. IIpax 11 BO-
lla, nasnyx 11 OCBeTJbeI-ha cacraun.ajy xpaj y KOMe )f(11B11M. IIp11Hehy ce6e npo-
nehy, OCJIOHJ1hy neha 0 TpeIlII-heB11 11 B11IlII-heB11 Cpev 11, HeB11IJ:Jb11BO, H11
XBaJbeH, H11 11CMejaH, cacrann.ahyTeJlOM CBOj11M, 113HeMOrJI11M, 6JIaTO 11 rpa-
Be, Gpna11 06JIaKe, a xan 6YlIe rOTOBO zryxnyhy, xao IlITO ce ztyxne na JI11CT
jecen.u. CBeT je JIaK a napozt hy zta CTBOP11M. Ba31IYX je OKO xrene." Onerje,
HeMa cYMI-he, pes 0 Q}ITaBOM H113Y aYTOU11TaTa, xao zta je UpI-haHCKJ1 jour jezt-
HOM nozceneo na Hac rrOlICeT11 11 na KJbYQHa MeCTa cnor CYMaTpa11CT11QKOr
nporpaxra 11 na rrOeTJ1QKY OCHOBy na KOjOj je nsrpaheuaJbytiae y TOCKaHU.

I'panehn6PlIO H11 na QeMy J1 OTKp11Bajyh11 na 11CrrOlI Eeorpana"H11qer 11
neva", jennaxo xao 11 TBPlII-hOM na caxro "rrpax 11 nona, Ba3IJ:yx 11 OCBeTJbe-
n.a ... cacranrsajy xpaj y KOMe )f(I1B11M", rryrormcan oceharrorpetiy na MOT11-
B11IlIe CBOjy )f(eJbY - lIa CTBOp11 napon. AKo ce n.eros )f(11BOT ozmnja y rrpo-
CTOpy KOj11 06JI11Kyjy "Ba31Iyx 11 OCBeTJbeI-ha", aKO je "CBeT JIaK", 11 aKOje Ba3-
zryx "OKO MeHe", onna he 11 crnapan.e napona 611T11 jeztan rrorryxaar y CBeM)'
npuvepen OCHOBH11M eJIeMeHT11Ma )f(11BOTHOr OKB11pa 0 KOMe je pes. Yaone-
h11, rrax, y CBOj BI1.n:OKpyr pYC11jy 11 ronopehn0 TOMe KaKO ce "I-heHa cnara
ncnoja-nca MO)f(e orrer sacejarn y MOM 3aB11Qajy", naur rryrornrcau Hac, xao 11
na caMOM rro-rerxy, xan je rOTOBO IlI11<PPOBaHO rrpenosanao csoje paanore sa
OlIJIa3aK "y nefieca I1TaJI11je", orrer spahanexoj BpCT11 1I0CTa Hepa3YMJb11BOr
TeMaTCKor naroneurraja. Kalla, nax, rrOKYIIIaMO na crrojnvo CBe OHO IlITO CMO

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Taxo he J1 pe-r npnnnhen.e,xao CJ1M60JIJ1Y"KJ1 01Ipa3 caanarsana je rryr
no I1TaJIJ1jJ1 6J10 rryronan.e no CBeCHO narpahcrroi«npamrzry, 1I06J1TJ1 J1 OBa-
KBy napnjannjy: "PaCnJIJ1HYllie ce on Tor sarpn.aja CBa Moja nJ13aHCKa J1 CJ1-
jencxa yotipaxceu,a. HJ1TJ1 ce MO)Ke, BJ1lIeX, na HJ1Y"eMy Ca31IaTJ1 CBeT, HJ1Tl1 ce
y ryl)l1Hl1 HaJIa311 TOnJIa naAJ1Ha fipna pahan.a,ca xoje CBe MO)Ke na ce 1I0-
XBaTJ1 J1 rrOMJ1JIyje pyKOM." H njc cave norpefia TO na ce yMecTo npl1BJ1l)eI-ba
xaace yotipaacen.e OCHOBa osor rpparraenra Ben je ry J1 nacrojan.e na ce, jour
jezrnov, xaxce na cy Ul1JbeBJ1 rryrosau,a 6J1JIJ1 HeOCTBapJ1BJ1. To IlITO na ca-
MOM xpajy nyronncau "HeKOJIJ1KO rryra" 113rOBapa "J1Me Cpexra" d'lMO je
cpelICTBO KOjJ1M HaM OH yxasyje na OKOJIHOCT na ce rrpocrop npneuhersa
orrer rrpesrenrra - cana 113 Tocxaney samrsaj.11 TaKO ce, y CTBapJ1, saxnana
nyran,a xoja je jenJ1HO Moryna - npeueurraiseranpocropa npanuhcn,a.Ha-
crojchn zta HaM l.{l1TaBl1M Cl1CTeMOM Cl1M60JIl1Y"Kl1X upojckunja, npeCJIJ1KaBa-
I-ba canpxcaja J13 yuyrapn.er CBeTa y npOCTOp KOjJ1 ra oxpyxcyje, rroxaace KaKO
je OH dIM jezmaxo xao J1 TOCKaHCKO nonnctin,e npocrop y KOMe ce nozurpyjy
canannsocr 11 rrpOWJIOCT, ouaj KO rpann onnce ztao HaM je maBHJ1 pa3JIOr zta
ra 30BeMO npnnoaenanev, a na Jbytiaey ToctcanucsrarpavoUJ1KJIyCOM rrptora
ca nyTOnJ1CHOM rrOlIJIOrov .

Taxo HaM ce, y CTBapJ1, Jbytiaey Toctcanuyxaayje xao join jenno neJIO y
KOMe je Moryne BlI)leTJ1 IlITa ce ca jezmov )KaHpOBCKOM cxeMOM ncurana KaA
ce y n.ene OKBJ1pe yneny nocrynun KOjJ1 y n.oj 1I0TJIe HJ1CY nocrojamr. MJ1-
JIOIlI UpI-baHCKl1 je, pearmayiylut CBOjy CYMaTpal1CTJ1Y"Ky rrOeTl1KY, nao 3HaY"a-
jan nOnpJ1HOC eBOJIyuJ1jJ1 rryrornrca y xronepno] cpncxoj KI-bJ1)KeBHOCTJ1. OH
je y OBy KI-bJ1)KeBHY spcry yseo rtposne JIJ1pCKe cacrojxe y MepJ1 xoja HaM je
ovoryhnnazra I-berOBO zteno, Jbytiae y TOCKaHU, BJ1lIl1MO xao OMyYaH lIOKa3
na je y rryronncy nOIlIJIO UO "rrpeJIa3a ca ¢aKTJ1Y"KJ1X npnxasa nyronarsa na
cPJ1KU110HaJIHa yMeTHJ1Y"Ka nerra npnnoseztarea". Y Jbytiaeu y TOCKaHU npen-
MeT ornrca HJ1je CrrOJbaIlIHl1 CBeT Ben nexa BpCTa CJIO)KeHOr onnoca J13Mel)y
Tor CBeTa J1 ytryrapiser CBeTa onora KO rrOJIa3J1 "y nefieca I1TaJIl1je" 3aTO
IlITO sepyje na ra nefieca "CTJ1WaBajy J1 rsyrsajy napsape". Y onJ1C xperaisa
no TOCKaHCKOM nOUHe6Jby (a TO xperarse je sac CTBapHO a -rac cxreurreaoy
pasan npnmrhen.a)ynenena je jezma BpJIO CJIO)KeHa TaY"Ka melIJ1I1ITa, y KOjOj
Ba)KHO MeCTO J1Majy 11 rrOJIeMl1Y"Ka J1 xyMOpHO-J1pOHJ1Y"Ha J1HTOHaUJ1ja J1 npe-
JIa3aK ca nerponn-me na TpOnJ1Y"Hy panan Ka3J1BaI-ba, IlITO HaM CBe ziaje MO-
ryhnocr na rOBOpJ1MO 0 npnnonenany a He 0 rryronncuy. Ilyrormcau 6J1 na
jenan npyra-mja Hal.{J1H 06JIl1KOBaO CBOj 113BeIlITaj 0 60paBKy "y He6ecJ1Ma
I1TaJIJ1je". Taxo HaM ce J1 Jbytiaey Toctcauu,xao J1 ueJIO KoiJ xuueptiopejaua,
yxasyjc xao )KaHpOBCKJ1 MHOrOJIJ1KJ1 asanrapnmt KI-bJ1)KeBHJ1 TeKCT.

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99

Radivoje Mikic

LJUBAV U TOSKANI (LOVE IN TUSCANY)AND THE QUESTION
OF GENRE TRANSFORMATION IN AVANT-GARDE PROSE

Summary

In all his works publishedin 1920s,Milos Crnjanski varied the samethematicel-
ementsand used the sameliterary meansand procedures.Thanksto that, somethingnot
existing before in the Serbianliterature becamepossible - completerelativization of
borderlinesbetweenparticular literary kinds. Although written as atravel-record,Milos
Crnjanski'swork Ljubav u Toskani (Love in Tuscany)"absorbed"in itself a series of
narrativeelements(statementsabout the mental state of the travelwriter-narrator,link-
ing all descriptionswith that mental state, introduction of polemical intonation into the
point of view and so on).Theseelementsenabledthe travel-writer to behaveas a nar-
rator all the time, like somebodywho does notinform about what he sees, butabout
what he experiences.Thus Ljubav u Toskani could be viewed as a new formof tra-
vel-record in the Serbian literature.

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