Download Ivatan Houses PDF

TitleIvatan Houses
TagsRoof Framing (Construction) Preservation (Library And Archival Science) Cultural Heritage Historic Preservation
File Size2.1 MB
Total Pages24
Document Text Contents
Page 2

designed to adapt to extreme conditions of a region that is dominated by the

unpredictable climate.

The people realize that their unique ways provide the special quality that ensures the

perpetuation of Batanes as a living cultural landscape. Situated between the equatorial

latitudes of Cancer and Capricorn, the sun hovers almost directly above generating an

environment that is warm and fertile during summer. During the rainy season,

inhabitants nestle inside their cozy houses with abundant stock of agricultural

products that will last throughout the rest of the year. Natives rely on agriculture and

fishing for their livelihood. Their architecture showcases poetic values that integrate

local traditions into the physical environment. In Addition, builders subscribed to the

rule that form is shaped by daily activities and the elements. An example is observed

through planning where villages are laid out to encourage interaction with neighbors

while chores are merged with the agricultural practices of the community. The

distance and unsympathetic weather that isolate the islands most of the year thus led

to the preservation of many of the heritage houses in this unique part of the

Philippines.

A strong sense of history prevails in the different islands of Batanes. This is seen in

the cultural systems that continue to prevail in various villages. Established

cooperatives and traditional practices dating back to colonial times still exist today.

Fishing, farming and house building activities remain deeply rooted in Ivatan

(indigenous people of Batanes) way of life. A result of the transfer of know-how

handed on from one generation to the next. But, the houses continue to be subject to

risks such as earthquakes and strong typhoons that cause irreparable damage to some

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Because the house settlement is still in good state of preservation and little alteration

is observed, the whole inventory of houses in Diura can be classified under Strict

Protection Zone. In this core zone, clusters of traditional houses survived time and are

in their original condition and still used as dwellings. Furthermore, the houses are still

inhabited by the locals. This hopes to further ensure the preservation of the structures.

The houses are of outstanding example of a type of building, architecture or

technological ensemble that illustrates a significant stage in Philippine history.

Chivuvuhung/Jin-jin houses as well as the Sinadumparan archetypes are built of

wood, stone and thatch and located in tight clusters to withstand strong typhoons and

prevailing north winds that are the strongest in the country and perhaps elsewhere in

the world. Batanes islands lie directly in the path of the inter-tropical convergence

zone.

OWNERSHIP, ASSUMPTION OF PROPERTY AND THE RESPONSIBLE

AUTHORITIES

House ownership all over Batanes is mixed. Traditional houses are privately owned.

The government owns all open plazas, roads and public buildings throughout the

village. Churches are the property of the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Batanes.

Following local tradition, owners provide free access to their property.

The National Commission for Indigenous Peoples Rights Act (IPRA) focuses on

cultural integrity ensuring that the state shall recognize, respect and protect the rights

of Indigenous People. The NCIP-Batanes Office is the lead agency working on the

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