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Page 1

1
 






 UPSC
  BASIC
 
INFORMATION
 

 

Information
 by
 Dr.Sakuntala
 Devi
 (
 BDS
 )
 
 

 
Disclaimer
 :
 
 

 

The dates and information provided in

this file are collected from online sources,

past students and personal experience.



I have taken care to provide the accurate

information that I have gathered during

my preparation. But you are requested to

treat the information here as basic ideas.

Always check out the official govt. website

of UPSC for the most accurate information.



All the best for your exams …

Page 2

2
 




 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

TABLE
 OF
 CONTENT
 

 

 

 
PLAN
 OF
 EXAMINATION......................................................................................
 


 
PRELIMINARY
 EXAMINATION
 .............................................................................
 


 
MAIN
 EXAMINATION
 ..........................................................................................
 


 
INTERVIEW
 TEST
 ...............................................................................................
 
 


 
STRATEGY
 .........................................................................................................

Page 8

8
 




 
Salient
 features
 of
 the
 Representation
 of
 People’s
 Act.
 
Appointment
  to
  various
 Constitutional
  posts,
  powers,
  functions
  and
  responsibilities
 of
  various
 
Constitutional
 Bodies.
 

Statutory,
 regulatory
 and
 various
 
 quasi-­‐judicial
  bodies
 
Government
 policies
 and
 interventions
 for
 development
 in
 various
 sectors
 and
 issues
 arising
 out
 
of
 their
 design
 and
 implementation.
 

Development
 processes
 and
 the
 development
 industry-­‐
 the
 role
 of
 NGOs,
 SHGs,
 various
 groups
 
and
 associations,
 donors,
 charities,
 institutional
 and
 other
 stakeholders
 

Welfare
  schemes
  for
  vulnerable
  sections
  of
  the
  population
 by
  the
  Centre
  and
  States
  and
  the
 
performance
  of
  these
  schemes;
 mechanisms,
  laws,
  institutions
  and
  Bodies
  constituted
  for
  the
 
protection
 and
 betterment
 of
 these
 vulnerable
 sections.
 

Issues
  relating
  to
  development
  and
 management
  of
  Social
  Sector/Services
  relating
  to
  Health,
 
Education,
 Human
 Resources.
 

Issues
 relating
 to
 poverty
 and
 hunger.
 
Important
 aspects
 of
 governance,
 transparency
 and
 accountability,
 e-­‐governance-­‐
 applications,
 
models,
  successes,
  limitations,
  and
  potential;
  citizens
  charters,
  transparency
  &
  accountability
 
and
 institutional
 and
 other
 measures.
 

Role
 of
 civil
 services
 in
 a
 democracy.
 
India
 and
 its
 neighborhood-­‐
 relations.
 
Bilateral,
 regional
 and
 global
 groupings
 and
 agreements
  involving
 India
 and/or
 affecting
 India’s
 
interests
 

Effect
 of
 policies
 and
 politics
 of
 developed
 and
 developing
 countries
 on
 India’s
 interests,
 Indian
 
Diaspora.
 

Important
 International
 institutions,
 agencies
 and
 fora-­‐
 their
 structure,
 mandate.
 

 

 

 


  PAPER-­‐IV
 

 
General
 
 Studies-­‐III:
 
 Technology,
 
 Economic
 
 Development,
 
 Bio
 
 diversity,
 
 Environment,
 
 Security
 
 and
 
Disaster
 Management.
 

Indian
 Economy
 and
 issues
 relating
 to
 planning,
 mobilization
 of
 resources,
 growth,
 development
 
and
 employment.
 

Inclusive
 growth
 and
 issues
 arising
 from
 it.
 
Government
 Budgeting.
 
Major
 crops
 cropping
 patterns
 in
 various
 parts
 of
 the
 country,
 
 
  different
 types
 of
 irrigation
 and
 
irrigation
 
 systems
 
 storage,
 
 transport
 
 and
 
 marketing
  of
 
 agricultural
 
 produce
 
 and
 
 issues
 
 and
 
related
 constraints;
 e-­‐technology
 in
 the
 aid
 of
 farmers
 

Issues
 
 related
 
 to
 
 direct
 
 and
 
 indirect
 
 farm
 
 subsidies
 
 and
 
 minimum
 
 support
 
 prices;
 
 Public
 
Distribution
 System-­‐
 objectives,
 functioning,
  limitations,
 revamping;
 
  issues
 of
 buffer
 stocks
 and
 
food
 security;
 Technology
 missions;
  economics
 of
 animal-­‐rearing.
 

Food
 processing
 and
 related
 industries
 in
 India-­‐
 scope
 and
 significance,
  location,
 upstream
 and
 
downstream
 requirements,
 supply
 chain
 management.
 

Land
 reforms
 in
 India.
 
Effects
 
 of
 
 liberalization
 
 on
 
 the
 
 economy,
 
 changes
 
 in
 
 industrial
 
 policy
 
 and
 
 their
 
 effects
 
 on
 
industrial
 growth.
 

Infrastructure:
 Energy,
 Ports,
 Roads,
 Airports,
 Railways
 etc.
 
Investment
 models.
 
Science
 and
 Technology-­‐
 developments
 and
 their
 applications
 and
 effects
 in
 everyday
 life
 
Achievements
 of
  Indians
  in
  science
 &
  technology;
  indigenization
 of
  technology
 and
 developing
 
new
 
 technology.
  Awareness
  in
  the
  fields
  of
  IT,
  Space,
  Computers,
  robotics,
  nano-­‐technology,
 
bio-­‐technology
 and
 issues
 relating
 to
 intellectual
 property
 rights.
 

Conservation,
 environmental
 pollution
 and
 degradation,
 
 environmental
 impact
 assessment

Page 9

10
 




 

 

Disaster
 and
 disaster
 management.
 
Linkages
 between
 development
 and
 spread
 of
 extremism.
 
Role
 of
 external
 state
 and
 non-­‐state
 actors
 in
 creating
 challenges
 to
 internal
 security.
 
Challenges
 
 to
 
 internal
 
 security
 
 through
 
 communication
 
 networks,
 
 role
 
 of
 
 media
 
 and
 
 social
 
networking
 sites
  in
  internal
 security
 challenges,
 basics
 of
 cyber
 security;
 money-­‐laundering
 and
 
its
 prevention
 

Security
  challenges
  and
  their
 management
  in
  border
  areas;
 
 
 linkages
  of
  organized
  crime
 with
 
terrorism
 

Various
 Security
 forces
 and
 agencies
 and
 their
 mandate
 

 

 

 

PAPER-­‐V
 

 
General
 Studies-­‐
 IV:
 Ethics,
 Integrity,
 and
 Aptitude
 


 
This
  paper
  will
  include
  questions
  to
  test
  the
  candidates’
  attitude
  and
  approach
  to
  issues
  relating
  to
 
integrity,
 probity
  in
 public
  life
 and
 his
 problem
 solving
 approach
 to
 various
  issues
 and
 conflicts
  faced
 by
 
him
 in
 dealing
 with
 society.
 
  Questions
 may
 utilize
 the
 case
 study
 approach
 to
 determine
 these
 aspects.
 
The
 following
 broad
 areas
 will
 be
 covered.
 


 
Ethics
 
 and
 
 Human
 
 Interface:
 
 Essence,
 
 determinants
 
 and
 
 consequences
 
 of
 
 Ethics
 
 in
 
 human
 
actions;
 dimensions
 of
 ethics;
 ethics
 in
 private
 and
 public
 relationships.
 
 Human
 Values
 –
 lessons
 
from
  the
  lives
  and
  teachings
  of
  great
  leaders,
  reformers
  and
  administrators;
  role
  of
  family,
 
society
 and
 educational
 institutions
 in
 inculcating
 
  values.
 

Attitude:
  content,
  structure,
  function;
  its
  influence
  and
  relation
 with
  thought
  and
  behaviour;
 
moral
 and
 political
 attitudes;
 social
 influence
 and
 persuasion.
 

Aptitude
 and
 foundational
 values
 for
 Civil
 Service
 ,
 
  integrity,
 impartiality
 and
 non-­‐partisanship,
 
objectivity,
 
 dedication
 
 to
 
 public
 
 service,
 
 empathy,
 
 tolerance
 
 and
 
 compassion
 
 towards
 
 the
 
weaker
 sections.
 

Emotional
 
  intelligence-­‐concepts,
 
  and
 
  their
 
  utilities
 
  and
 
  application
 
  in
 
  administration
 
  and
 
governance.
 

Contributions
 of
 moral
 thinkers
 and
 philosophers
 from
 India
 and
 world.
 
Public/Civil
 
 service
 
 values
 
 and
 
 Ethics
 
 in
 
 Public
 
 administration:
 
 Status
  and
  problems;
 
 ethical
 
concerns
  and
  dilemmas
  in
  government
  and
  private
  institutions;
  laws,
  rules,
  regulations
  and
 
conscience
 as
 sources
 of
 ethical
 guidance;
 accountability
 and
 ethical
 governance;
 strengthening
 
of
 ethical
 and
 moral
 values
  in
 governance;
 ethical
  issues
  in
  international
  relations
 and
  funding;
 
corporate
 governance.
 

Probity
 in
 Governance:
 Concept
 of
 public
 service;
 Philosophical
 basis
 of
 governance
 and
 probity;
 
Information
  sharing
  and
  transparency
  in
  government,
  Right
  to
  Information,
  Codes
  of
  Ethics,
 
Codes
  of
  Conduct,
  Citizen’s
  Charters,
  Work
  culture,
  Quality
  of
  service
  delivery,
  Utilization
  of
 
public
 funds,
 challenges
 of
 corruption.
 

Case
 Studies
 on
 above
 issues.

Page 16

17
 




 

 

STRATEGY
 

 


 
Step
 1:
 Important
 Decisions
 


 
1.
 
 
  What
 is
 required
 to
 get
 the
 post?
 

Ø Devoted
 study
 
Ø Good
 writing
 style
 
Ø To
 the
 Point
 Approach
 
Ø Basic
 command
 over
 English
 and
 Aptitude
 
Ø Good
 grasp
 over
 current
 affairs
 
Ø Healthy
 competitions
 and
 feedbacks….
 i.e.
 critical
 self
 assessment
 
Ø Quality
 material
 and
 guidance
 
Ø Patience
 and
 Self
 confidence
 


 
2.
 
 
  When
  to
  start
  the
  preparation?
  (for
  the
  next
  year’s
  Preliminary
  exam
  in
  August,
  followed
  by
 

Mains)
 
Ø One
 should
 start
 preparation
 around
 one
 year
 prior
 to
 the
 exam.
 If
 not
 possible,
 at
 least
 

eight
 months
 prior
 to
 the
 examination
 i.e.
 latest
 by
 November.
 
Ø If
 you
 are
 going
 to
 prepare
  immediately
 after
 graduation,
  then
 don’t
 waste
 time,
 start
 

immediately
 after
 your
 final
 exam.
 
Ø If
 you
 are
 going
 to
  study
 while
 working,
  it
  is
 possible
 but
  starts
  earliest.
 Don’t
 delay
  to
 

start
 otherwise
 you
 will
 experience
 time
 crunch
 later.
 
Ø If
 you
 are
 preparing
 during
 graduation,
 generalized
 plan
 cannot
 be
 suggested,
 so
 discuss
 

personally
 with
 us
 to
 evolve
 an
 individual
 plan.
 

 

3.
 
 
  How
 to
 start
 preparation?
 
If
 you
 are
 starting
 on
 your
 own,
 to
 begin
 with
 follow
 the
 initial
 steps…
 

Ø Analysis
 of
 previous
 question
 papers
 
Ø Understanding
 of
 Syllabus
 
Ø Reading
 of
 basic
 study
 material
 
Ø Start
 writing...
 easy
 questions
 


 
4.
 
 
  How
 to
 select
 the
 optional
 subject?
 

This
  is
  very
  important
 decision.
  Fortunately
  in
  the
 new
  format
 GS
  is
 much
 more
  important.
  So
 
don’t
  take
 this
 decision
 at
 the
 beginning.
 First
  start
 preparing
  for
 GS
 and
 then
 after
  some
 time
 
take
  this
  decision.
  Because
  in
  four
  GS
  papers
  you
  will
  be
  introduced
  to
  variety
  of
  optional
 
subjects
  like
 History,
 Geography,
 Public
 Administration,
 Political
 Science
 and
 Sociology.
 This
 will
 
help
 you
 to
 determine
 your
 inclination
 to
 a
 particular
 subject.
 Every
 subject
 has
 its
 own
 demand
 
(i.e.
 thinking
 pattern,
 writing
 style,
 presentation
 techniques
 etc).
 Your
 personality
 should
 suit
 to
 
it.
 


 
Following
 are
 some
 basic
 criterions…
 

Ø Interest
 and
 understanding
 in
 the
 subject
 (about
 which
 you
 will
 come
 to
 know
 when
 you
 
study
 for
 GS
 Mains)
 

Ø Analysis
 of
 the
 syllabus
 and
 previous
 years’
 question
 papers
 of
 the
 shortlisted
 subjects
 
Ø Writing
  style
  and
  presentation
  techniques
  suitable
  for
  that
  particular
  optional
  (about
 

which
 you
 will
 know
 once
 you
 start
 writing
 for
 GS
 and
 essay)

Page 17

18
 




 

 

Ø Thinking
 Pattern
 expected
 for
 a
 particular
 optional
  (you
 will
 come
 to
 know
 about
  yours
 
after
 you
 prepare
 for
 GS.)
 

Ø Availability
 of
 study
 material
 
Ø Availability
 of
 guidance
 
Ø Weightage
 of
 optional
 in
 GS
 
Ø Graduation
 background
 


 
Ø Apart
  from
  this,
  some
  give
  importance
  to
 the
  length
  of
  the
  syllabus….
  Which
  is
  an
 

unfound
 criterion
 

 

 

 

While
  preparing
  for
  GS
  Mains,
  you
  will
  be
  also
  preparing
  for
  History,
  Geography,
  Public
 
Administration,
  Political
  Science,
  Sociology
  etc.
  It
  will
  help
  you
  in
  deciding
  your
  interest
  in
  a
 
particular
 optional
 subject
 properly.
 
Rather
 
 than
 
 selecting
 
 an
 
 optional
 
 without
 
 having
 
 knowledge
 
 of
 
 other
 
 subjects
 
 or
 
 without
 
knowing
 your
 own
 writing
 and
 presentation
 styles
 and
 thinking
 patterns,
 it
 is
 better
 to
 delay
 this
 
decision.
 It
 will
 prove
 more
 informed
 and
 rational
 decision
 afterwards.
 
This
 opportunity
 has
 been
 presented
 by
 the
 new
 pattern,
 so
 avail
 it.
 


 
5.
 
 
  How
 to
 manage
 other
 examinations
 like
 MPSC
 along
 with
 UPSC?
 

 

At
 the
 beginning
 it
 is
 better
 to
 concentrate
 on
 UPSC
 alone
 as
 it
 will
 cover
 major
 portion
 of
 MPSC.
 
You
  can
  dedicatedly
  prepare
  for
  MPSC
  for
  some
  time
  prior
  to
  prelims
  depending
  upon
  time
 
table
 (unfortunately
 this
 keep
 changing
 every
 year)
 


 
6.
 
 
  Can
 I
 prepare
 while
 working
 or
 pursuing
 graduation?
 

 

Yes
 you
 can….
 You
 need
 to
 be
 mentally
 very
 strong
 for
 the
 whole
 year
 to
 mange
 everything.
 A
 
break
 of
 two/three
 month’s
 in-­‐between
 will
 bring
 doomsday…
 


 

 


 

 

Best
 wishes!

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