Download German Lesson PDF

TitleGerman Lesson
TagsGerman Language English Language Noun Grammatical Gender Vowel
File Size411.1 KB
Total Pages65
Document Text Contents
Page 32

(Museen) (ä) en

church die Kirche (n) keer-kuh garage die Garage (n)
gah-rah-
zhuh

square der Platz (ä, e) plahtz town hall das Rathaus (ä) raht-house

monument das Denkmal (ä, er) denk-mall castle
das Schloss (ö,
er)

shlohss

building das Gebäude (-) guh-boy-duh school die Schule (n) shoo-luh

house das Haus (ä, er) house city die Stadt (ä, e) shtaht

grocery store
das Lebensmittel-
geschäft (e)

lay-buns-mit-
tel-geh-sheft

bar die Kneipe (n) knigh-puh

library die Bibliothek (en)
beeb-lee-oh-
tek

cathedral der Dom (e) dome

hospital
das Krankenhaus
(ä, er)

krahnk-en-
house

village das Dorf (ö, er) dorf

stadium
das Stadion
(Stadien)

shtah-dee-on cemetery
der Friedhof (ö,
e)

freed-hoff

movie theater das Kino (s) kee-noh backery
die Bäckerei
(en)

beck-er-ie

hardware
store

das Eisenwaren-
geschäft (e)

ise-en-war-
en-
geh-sheft

shoe store
das Schuh-
geschäft (e)

shoo-geh-
sheft

stationery
store

das Schreibwaren-
geschäft (e)

shribe-var-
en-
geh-scheft

51. Transportation

bus der Bus (se) boos

train der Zug (ü, e) tsook

airplane das Flugzeug (e) flook-tsoyk

ship das Schiff (e) shiff

boat das Boot (e) boat

motorcycle das Motorrad (ä, er) moh-toh-raht

automobile das Auto (s) ow-toh

streetcar die Straßenbahn (en) shtrass-en-bahn

moped das Moped (s) mo-ped

bike das Rad (ä, er) raht

car der Wagen (-) vah-gen

on foot zu Fuss foos

Note: To say by bus, train, etc., use mit dem and the noun. The one exception is streetcar, where
you use mit der instead of dem (because it's feminine).

52. Simple Past / Imperfect Tense

In English, this tense corresponds to I did, you saw, he cried, etc. and is used less often in spoken
German than the present perfect tense. It is used more often in writing to tell a sequence of past
events. Nevertheless, even in conversational German, sein, haben, werden, wissen and the
modal verbs are preferred in the simple past tense than in the present perfect tense. In

addition, the simple past tense is commonly used clauses that begin with als (when).

32

Similer Documents