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TitleGarrison,M & Ritner,R., "From the Persepolis Fortification Archive Project", 2: Seals with Egyptian Hieroglyphic Inscriptions at Persepolis, Achemenet (2010).
TagsAchaemenid Empire Seal (Emblem) Epigraphy Phoenicia Darius I
File Size1.4 MB
Total Pages58
Document Text Contents
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Mark B. Garrison - Trinity University
Robert K. Ritner - Oriental Institute

From the Persepolis Fortification
Archive Project, 2: Seals with Egyptian
Hieroglyphic Inscriptions at Persepolis*

Abstract — This article publishes six seals that carry Egyptian

hieroglyphic inscriptions, and one seal that potentially employs


* Garrison would like to extend his thanks to the following individuals: M.W. Stolper,

W.F.M. Henkelman, M.C. Root, E.R.S. Dusinberre, A. Azzoni, L. Magee, and K. Grajeda. All

errors in Part I rest, of course, with the author. Abbreviations follow the conventions

established in Garrison & Root 2001: xv–xvi. ‘PFS corpus’ designates the complete corpus

of seals that occur on the PF tablets (i.e., those tablets published in Hallock 1969; the seals

that occur on those tablets are the ones that fall under the publication scope of the

Persepolis Fortification Tablet Seal Project [see Garrison & Root 2001: 1]). Fortification

archive seal numbers (PFS #) followed by a Cat.No. indicate seals published in Garrison &

Root 2001 (see there for full documentation). Other sigla used in this article are NN:

Elamite Fortification tablet occurring in R.T. Hallock’s unpublished editions (see fn. 1

below); PFAT: Aramaic Fortification tablet; PFATS: seal that occurs only on the Aramaic

Fortification tablets; PFUT: uninscribed Fortification tablet; PFUTS: seal that occurs only on

the uninscribed Fortification tablets or on the uninscribed and the Aramaic Fortification

tablets. Photographs and drawings of the seals on the Persepolis Fortification tablets

published hereafter are courtesy of the Persepolis Fortification Tablet Seal Project and the

Persepolis Fortification Archive Project. Line drawings in this article are by Garrison.

Permission to publish the seal impressions from the Persepolis Fortification archive

comes from the Director of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago.

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Egyptian hieroglyphic signs in a decorative manner, from the
Persepolis Fortification archive. These seals are the first evidence
for the occurrence of Egyptian hieroglyphic script on seals at
Persepolis. The seals raise various issues concerning glyptic use
and production within southwestern Iran during the reign of
Darius I.

Fig. 1: map of the Achaemenid empire
(courtesy of the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago).

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Figs. 29-31: collated line drawing of PFUTS 0136* and impressions of the same seal
on PFUT 1103-101 (reverse) and PFUT 1142-201 (bottom edge).

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Figs. 29, 32-33: collated line drawing of PFUTS 0136* and impressions of the same seal
on PFUT 0145-201 (upper edge) and PFUT 0162-203 (reverse).

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NEWBERRY, P.E. 1905, Ancient Egyptian Scarabs, London [reprint Chicago 1975].

PETRIE, W.M.F. 1889, Historical Scarabs, London [reprint Chicago 1976].

PETRIE, W.M.F., MACKAY, E. & WAINWRIGHT, G. 1910, Meydum and Memphis, vol. 3

(British School of Archaeology in Egypt 18), London.

POSENER, G. 1936, La première domination perse en Égypte (BdE 11), Cairo.

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ROOT, M.C. 1979, King and Kingship in Achaemenid Art: Essays on the Creation of an

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Fortification, A RTA 2007.001 .

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Old Iranian Proper Names and Loanwords Attested in Non-Iranian Texts (OLA 158),

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— 2008, Multilingualism in the Fortification and Treasury Archives, in: P. Briant,

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VERCOUTTER, J. 1962, Textes biographiques du Sérapéum de Memphis, Paris.

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http://www.achemenet.com/document/2007.001-Stolper-Tavernier.pdf

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— 2009b, Egyptians in Persia, in: P. Briant & M. Chauveau (eds.), Organisation des

pouvoirs et contacts culturels dans les pays de l’empire achéménide (Persica 14), Paris:

133–41.

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