Download [Duncan C Wyllie] Foundations on Rock Second Edit(BookZa.org) PDF

Title[Duncan C Wyllie] Foundations on Rock Second Edit(BookZa.org)
File Size9.5 MB
Total Pages457
Table of Contents
                            Book Cover
Half-Title
Title
Copyright
Contents
Foreword to first edition
Introduction
Introduction to first edition
Notation
Note
1 Characteristics of rock foundations
	1.1 Types of rock foundation
		1.1.1 Spread footings
		1.1.2 Socketed piers
		1.1.3 Tension foundations
	1.2 Performance of foundations on rock
		1.2.1 Settlement and bearing capacity failures
		1.2.2 Creep
		1.2.3 Block failure
		1.2.4 Failure of socketed piers and tension anchors
		1.2.5 Influence of geological structure
		1.2.6 Excavation methods
		1.2.7 Reinforcement
	1.3 Structural loads
		1.3.1 Buildings
		1.3.2 Bridges
		1.3.3 Dams
		1.3.4 Tension foundations
	1.4 Allowable settlement
		1.4.1 Buildings
		1.4.2 Bridges
		1.4.3 Dams
	1.5 Influence of ground water on foundation performance
		1.5.1 Foundation stability
		1.5.2 Dams
		1.5.3 Tension foundations
	1.6 Factor of safety and reliability analysis
		1.6.1 Factor of safety analysis
		1.6.2 Limit states design
		1.6.3 Sensitivity analysis
		1.6.4 Coefficient of reliability
	1.7 References
2 Structural geology
	2.1 Discontinuity characteristics
		2.1.1 Types of discontinuity
		2.1.2 Discontinuity orientation and dimensions
	2.2 Orientation of discontinuities
	2.3 Stereographic projection
		2.3.1 Pole plots
		2.3.2 Pole density
		2.3.3 Great circles
		2.3.4 Stochastic modeling of discontinuities
	2.4 Types of foundation failure
	2.5 Kinematic analysis
		2.5.1 Planar failure
		2.5.2 Wedge failure
		2.5.3 Toppling failure
		2.5.4 Friction cone
	2.6 Probabilistic analysis of structural geology
		2.6.1 Discontinuity orientation
		2.6.2 Discontinuity length and spacing
	2.7 References
3 Rock strength and deformability
	3.1 Range of rock strength conditions
	3.2 Deformation modulus
		3.2.1 Intact rock modulus
		3.2.2 Stress-strain behavior of fractured rock
		3.2.3 Size effects on deformation modulus
		3.2.4 Discontinuity spacing and modulus
		3.2.5 Modulus of anisotropic rock
		3.2.6 Modulus-rock mass quality relationships
	3.3 Compressive strength
		3.3.1 Compressive strength of intact rock
		3.3.2 Compressive strength of fractured rock
	3.4 Shear strength
		3.4.1 Mohr-Coulomb materials
		3.4.2 Shear strength of discontinuities
		3.4.3 Shear strength testing
		3.4.4 Shear strength of fractured rock
	3.5 Tensile strength
	3.6 Time-dependent properties
		3.6.1 Weathering
		3.6.2 Swelling
		3.6.3 Creep
		3.6.4 Fatigue
	3.7 References
4 Investigation and in-situ testing methods
	4.1 Site selection
		4.1.1 Aerial and terrestrial photography
		4.1.2 Geophysics
	4.2 Geological mapping
		4.2.1 Standard geology descriptions
		4.2.2 Discontinuity mapping
	4.3 Drilling
		4.3.1 Diamond drilling
		4.3.2 Percussion drilling
		4.3.3 Calyx drilling
	4.4 Ground water measurements
		4.4.1 Water pressure measurements
		4.4.2 Permeability measurements
	4.5 In situ modulus and shear strength testing
		4.5.1 Modulus testing
		4.5.2 Direct shear tests
5 Bearing capacity, settlement and stress distribution
	5.1 Introduction
	5.2 Bearing capacity
		5.2.1 Building codes
		5.2.2 Bearing capacity of fractured rock
		5.2.3 Recessed footings
		5.2.4 Bearing capacity factors
		5.2.5 Foundations on sloping ground
		5.2.6 Bearing capacity of shallow dipping bedded formations
		5.2.7 Bearing capacity of layered formations
	5.3 Bearing capacity of karstic formations
		5.3.1 Characteristics of solution features
		5.3.2 Detection of solution features
		5.3.3 Foundation types in karstic terrain
	5.4 Settlement
		5.4.1 Settlement on elastic rock
		5.4.2 Settlement on transversely isotropic rock
		5.4.3 Settlement on inelastic rock
		5.4.4 Settlement due to ground subsidence
	5.5 Stress distributions in foundations
		5.5.1 Stress distributions in isotropic rock
		5.5.2 Stress distributions in layered formations
		5.5.3 Stress distributions in transversely isotropic rock
		5.5.4 Stress distributions in eccentrically loaded footings
	5.6 References
6 Stability of foundations
	6.1 Introduction
	6.2 Stability of sliding blocks
		6.2.1 Deterministic stability analysis
		6.2.2 Probabilistic stability analysis
	6.3 Stability of wedge blocks
	6.4 Three-dimensional stability analysis
	6.5 Stability of toppling blocks
	6.6 Stability of fractured rock masses
	6.7 External effects on stability
		6.7.1 Seismic design
		6.7.2 Scour
7 Foundations of gravity and embankment dams
	7.1 Introduction
		7.1.1 Dam performance statistics
		7.1.2 Foundation design for gravity and embankment dams
		7.1.3 Loads on dams
		7.1.4 Loading combinations
	7.2 Sliding stability
		7.2.1 Geological conditions causing sliding
		7.2.2 Shear strength
		7.2.3 Water pressure distributions
		7.2.4 Stability analysis
		7.2.5 Factor of safety
		7.2.6 Examples of stabilization
	7.3 Overturning and stress distributions in foundations
		7.3.1 Overturning
		7.3.2 Stress and strain in foundations
	7.4 Earthquake response of dams
		7.4.1 Introduction
		7.4.2 Measured motions of foundation rock
		7.4.3 Sliding stability and overturning under seismic loads
		7.4.4 Finite element analysis
		7.4.5 Earthquake displacement analysis
	7.5 Preparation of rock surfaces
		7.5.1 Shaping
		7.5.2 Cleaning and sealing
		7.5.3 Rebound
		7.5.4 Solution cavities
	7.6 Foundation rehabilitation
		7.6.1 Monitoring
		7.6.2 Grouting, sealing and drainage
		7.6.3 Anchoring
		7.6.4 Scour protection
	7.7 Grouting and drainage
		7.7.1 Grouting functions
		7.7.2 Grout types
		7.7.3 Mechanism of grouting
		7.7.4 Drilling method
		7.7.5 Hole patterns
		7.7.6 Grout mixes
		7.7.7 Grout strength
		7.7.8 Grout pressures
		7.7.9 Grouting procedures
		7.7.10 Permeability criteria for grouted rock
		7.7.11 Monitoring grouting operations
		7.7.12 Leaching
		7.7.13 Drainage
8 Rock socketed piers
	8.1 Introduction
		8.1.1 Types of deep foundations
		8.1.2 Investigations for socketed piers
	8.2 Load capacity of socketed piers in compression
		8.2.1 Mechanism of load transfer
		8.2.2 Shear behavior of rock sockets
		8.2.3 Factors affecting the load capacity of socketed piers
		8.2.4 Socketed piers in karstic formation
	8.3 Design values: side-wall resistance and end bearing
		8.3.1 Side-wall shear resistance
		8.3.2 End-bearing capacity
	8.4 Axial deformation
		8.4.1 Settlement mechanism of socketed piers
		8.4.2 Settlement of side-wall resistance sockets
		8.4.3 Settlement of end loaded piers
		8.4.4 Settlement of socketed, end bearing piers
		8.4.5 Socketed piers with pre-load applied at base
	8.5 Uplift
		8.5.1 Uplift resistance in side-wall shear
		8.5.2 Uplift resistance of belled piers
	8.6 Laterally loaded socketed piers
		8.6.1 Computing lateral deflection with p-y curves
		8.6.2 p-y curves for rock
		8.6.3 Socket stability under lateral load
	8.7  References
9 Tension foundations
	9.1 Introduction
	9.2 Anchor materials and anchorage methods
		9.2.1 Allowable working loads and safety factors
		9.2.2 Steel relaxation
		9.2.3 Strength properties of steel bar and strand
		9.2.4 Applications of rigid bar anchors
		9.2.5 Applications of strand anchors
		9.2.6 Cement grout anchorage
		9.2.7 Resin grout anchorage
		9.2.8 Mechanical anchorage
	9.3 Design procedure for tensioned anchors
		9.3.1 Mechanics of load transfer mechanism between anchor, grout and rock
		9.3.2 Allowable bond stresses and anchor design
		9.3.3 Prestressed and passive anchors
		9.3.4 Uplift capacity of rock anchors
		9.3.5 Group action
		9.3.6 Cyclic loading of anchors
		9.3.7 Time-dependent behavior and creep
		9.3.8 Effect of blasting on anchorage
		9.3.9 Anchors in permafrost
	9.4 Corrosion protection
		9.4.1 Mechanism of corrosion
		9.4.2 Types of corrosion
		9.4.3 Corrosive conditions
		9.4.4 Corrosion protection methods
		9.3.5 Corrosion monitoring
	9.5 Installation and testing
		9.5.1 Water testing
		9.5.2 Load testing
		9.5.3 Acceptance criteria
10 Construction methods in rock
	10.1 Introduction
	10.2 Drilling
		10.2.1 Diamond drilling
		10.2.2 Percussion drilling
		10.2.3 Rotary drills
		10.2.4 Overburden drilling
		10.2.5 Large diameter drilling
		10.2.6 Directional drilling
	10.3 Blasting and non-explosive rock excavation
		10.3.1 Rock fracture by explosives
		10.3.2 Controlled blasting
		10.3.3 Blasting horizontal surfaces
		10.3.4 Ground vibration control
		10.3.5 Vibrations in uncured concrete
		10.3.6 Non-explosive excavation
	10.4 Bearing surface improvement and rock reinforcement
		10.4.1 Trim blasting (1)
		10.4.2 Surface preparation (2)
		10.4.3 Dental concrete (3)
		10.4.4 Shotcrete (4)
		10.4.5 Shear keys (5)
		10.4.6 Rock bolts (6)
		10.4.7 Tensioned rock anchors (7)
		10.4.8 Concrete buttress (8)
		10.4.9 Drain holes (9)
	10.5 Contracts and specifications
		10.5.1 Components of contract documents
		10.5.2 Types of contract
		10.5.3 Rock excavation and reinforcement specifications
APPENDIX I Stereonets for hand plotting of structural geology data
	I.1 Introduction
	I.2 Plotting poles
	I.3 Plotting great circles
	I.4 Lines of intersection
	I.5 Reference
APPENDIX II Quantitative description of discontinuities in rock masses
	II. 1 Introduction
	II.2 Rock mass characterization parameters
		II.2.1 Rock material description
		II.2.2 Discontinuity description
		II.2.3 Infilling description
		II.2.4 Rock mass description
		II.2.5 Ground water
	II.3 Field mapping sheets
	II.4 References
APPENDIX III Conversion factors
Index
                        

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