Download Datura PDF

TitleDatura
TagsPlants Nature Horticulture And Gardening
File Size356.3 KB
Total Pages7
Table of Contents
                            Datura
	Contents
	Etymology[edit]
	Description[edit]
	Species and cultivars[edit]
		Past classified species[edit]
	Cultivation[edit]
	Toxicity[edit]
		Effects of ingestion[edit]
		Treatment[edit]
	Gallery[edit]
	See also[edit]
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

Datura
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For other uses, see Datura (disambiguation).

For other plants with the name "Angel's trumpet", see Angel's trumpet.

Datura

Datura metel

Scientific classification

Kingdom: Plantae

(unranked): Angiosperms

(unranked): Eudicots

(unranked): Asterids

Order: Solanales

Family: Solanaceae

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura_(disambiguation)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solanaceae
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solanales
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asterids
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eudicots
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flowering_plant
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plant
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taxonomy_(biology)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura_metel
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angel's_trumpet

Page 2

Subfamily: Solanoideae

Tribe: Datureae

Genus: Datura

L.

Type species

Datura stramonium

L.

Species

See text below

Datura is a genus of nine species of poisonous vespertine flowering plants belonging to the family Solanaceae. They are known asangel's

trumpets, sometimes sharing that name with the closely related genus Brugmansia, and commonly known as daturas. They are also

sometimes called moonflowers, one of several plant species to be so. Its precise and natural distribution is uncertain, owing to its

extensive cultivation and naturalization throughout the temperate and tropical regions of the globe. Its distribution within

the Americas andNorth Africa, however, is most likely restricted to the United States and Mexico in North America, and Tunisia in Africa,

where the highest species diversity occurs.

All species of Datura are poisonous, especially their seeds and flowers.

Some South American plants formerly thought of as Datura are now treated as belonging to the distinct

genus Brugmansia [1] (Brugmansiadiffers from Datura in that it is woody, making shrubs or small trees, and it has pendulous flowers, rather

than erect ones). Other related genera include Hyoscyamus and Atropa.

Contents

[hide]

 1 Etymology

 2 Description

 3 Species and cultivars

o 3.1 Past classified species

 4 Cultivation

 5 Toxicity

o 5.1 Effects of ingestion

o 5.2 Treatment

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#Treatment
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#Effects_of_ingestion
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#Toxicity
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#Cultivation
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#Past_classified_species
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#Species_and_cultivars
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#Description
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#Etymology
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atropa
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henbane
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tree
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shrub
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-1
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brugmansia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_America
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tunisia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexico
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Africa
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Americas
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naturalisation_(biology)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plant_cultivation
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brugmansia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solanaceae
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flowering_plant
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vespertine_(biology)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genus
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura_stramonium
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Type_species
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Linnaeus
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datureae
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solanoideae

Page 3

https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Datura&action=edit&section=3
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypercompe
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moth
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Butterfly
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lepidoptera
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caterpillar
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shiva
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ayurveda
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aphrodisiac
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-Preissel-5
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandrake_(plant)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henbane
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deadly_nightshade
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seed
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capsule_(fruit)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fruit
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flower
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leaf
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perennial_plant
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annual_plant
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbaceous_plant
https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Datura&action=edit&section=2
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Scarlet_Letter
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nathaniel_Hawthorne
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-4
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sushrut
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charaka
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sushruta
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ayurveda
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-3
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanskrit
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-2
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hindi
https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Datura&action=edit&section=1
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#External_links
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#Further_reading
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#References
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#See_also
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#Gallery

Page 4

Datura metel

It is difficult to classify Datura as to its species, and it often happens that the descriptions of new species are accepted prematurely. Later,

these "new species" are found to be simply varieties that have evolved due to conditions at a specific location. They usually disappear in a

few years. Contributing to the confusion is the fact that various species, such as D. wrightii and D. inoxia, are very similar in appearance, and

the variation within a species can be extreme. For example, Datura species can change size of plant, leaf, and flowers, all depending on

location. The same species, when growing in a half-shady, damp location can develop into a flowering bush half as tall as an adult human of

average height, but when growing in a very dry location, will only grow into a thin plant not much more than ankle-high, with tiny flowers and

a few miniature leaves.[5]

Today, experts classify only nine species of Datura:[5]

 D. ceratocaula Jacq. – torna loco

 D. discolor Bernh. – desert thorn-apple

 D. ferox L. – long-spined thorn-apple

 D. inoxia Mill. – thorn-apple, downy thorn-apple, Indian-apple, moonflower, sacred datura, toloatzin, toloache

 D. leichhardtii F.Muell. ex Benth. (syn. D. pruinosa) – Leichhardt's datura

 D. metel L. – devil's trumpet[5]

 D. quercifolia Kunth – oak-leaf thorn-apple

 D. stramonium L. (syn. D. inermis) – jimsonweed, thorn-apple

 D. wrightii Regel – sacred datura, sacred thorn-apple

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eduard_von_Regel
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura_wrightii
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura_stramonium
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Sigismund_Kunth
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura_quercifolia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-Preissel-5
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura_metel
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Bentham
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_von_Mueller
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura_leichhardtii
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_Miller
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura_inoxia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Linnaeus
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura_ferox
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Jakob_Bernhardi
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura_discolor
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikolaus_Joseph_von_Jacquin
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura_ceratocaula
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-Preissel-5
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-Preissel-5

Page 5

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-Preissel-5
https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Datura&action=edit&section=5
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura_suaveolens
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura_reburra
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura_lanosa
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura_kymatocarpa
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura_bernhardii
https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Datura&action=edit&section=4
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Society_for_Horticultural_Science
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Society_for_Horticultural_Science
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Cultivar_Registration_Authority
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Code_of_Nomenclature_for_Cultivated_Plants
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Code_of_Nomenclature_for_Cultivated_Plants

Page 6

https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Datura&action=edit&section=9
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-20
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-SS1-15
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benzodiazepines
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Physostigmine
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Activated_charcoal
https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Datura&action=edit&section=8
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-Preissel-5
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-19
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-18
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-Freye-17
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-Freye-17
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amnesia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photophobia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mydriasis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tachycardia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyperthermia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fantasy
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reality
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delirium
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anticholinergic
https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Datura&action=edit&section=7
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-SS1-15
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-Preissel-5
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-CDCStew-16
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-SS1-15
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-Preissel-5
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agra
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murder
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suicide
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poison
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Europe
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-Bequaert-14
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Honey_wasp
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brachygastra_lecheguana
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brachygastra_lecheguana
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Honey
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-13
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-12
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-11
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-10
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-9
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura_ferox
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-8
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-7
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolescent
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-Preissel-5
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Citation_needed
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-6
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datura#cite_note-Preissel-5
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poison
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atropine
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyoscyamine
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scopolamine
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tropane_alkaloids
https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Datura&action=edit&section=6

Similer Documents