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Table of Contents
	Species and cultivars[edit]
		Past classified species[edit]
		Effects of ingestion[edit]
	See also[edit]
Document Text Contents
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

For other uses, see Datura (disambiguation).

For other plants with the name "Angel's trumpet", see Angel's trumpet.


Datura metel

Scientific classification

Kingdom: Plantae

(unranked): Angiosperms

(unranked): Eudicots

(unranked): Asterids

Order: Solanales

Family: Solanaceae's_trumpet

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Subfamily: Solanoideae

Tribe: Datureae

Genus: Datura


Type species

Datura stramonium



See text below

Datura is a genus of nine species of poisonous vespertine flowering plants belonging to the family Solanaceae. They are known asangel's

trumpets, sometimes sharing that name with the closely related genus Brugmansia, and commonly known as daturas. They are also

sometimes called moonflowers, one of several plant species to be so. Its precise and natural distribution is uncertain, owing to its

extensive cultivation and naturalization throughout the temperate and tropical regions of the globe. Its distribution within

the Americas andNorth Africa, however, is most likely restricted to the United States and Mexico in North America, and Tunisia in Africa,

where the highest species diversity occurs.

All species of Datura are poisonous, especially their seeds and flowers.

Some South American plants formerly thought of as Datura are now treated as belonging to the distinct

genus Brugmansia [1] (Brugmansiadiffers from Datura in that it is woody, making shrubs or small trees, and it has pendulous flowers, rather

than erect ones). Other related genera include Hyoscyamus and Atropa.



 1 Etymology

 2 Description

 3 Species and cultivars

o 3.1 Past classified species

 4 Cultivation

 5 Toxicity

o 5.1 Effects of ingestion

o 5.2 Treatment

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Datura metel

It is difficult to classify Datura as to its species, and it often happens that the descriptions of new species are accepted prematurely. Later,

these "new species" are found to be simply varieties that have evolved due to conditions at a specific location. They usually disappear in a

few years. Contributing to the confusion is the fact that various species, such as D. wrightii and D. inoxia, are very similar in appearance, and

the variation within a species can be extreme. For example, Datura species can change size of plant, leaf, and flowers, all depending on

location. The same species, when growing in a half-shady, damp location can develop into a flowering bush half as tall as an adult human of

average height, but when growing in a very dry location, will only grow into a thin plant not much more than ankle-high, with tiny flowers and

a few miniature leaves.[5]

Today, experts classify only nine species of Datura:[5]

 D. ceratocaula Jacq. – torna loco

 D. discolor Bernh. – desert thorn-apple

 D. ferox L. – long-spined thorn-apple

 D. inoxia Mill. – thorn-apple, downy thorn-apple, Indian-apple, moonflower, sacred datura, toloatzin, toloache

 D. leichhardtii F.Muell. ex Benth. (syn. D. pruinosa) – Leichhardt's datura

 D. metel L. – devil's trumpet[5]

 D. quercifolia Kunth – oak-leaf thorn-apple

 D. stramonium L. (syn. D. inermis) – jimsonweed, thorn-apple

 D. wrightii Regel – sacred datura, sacred thorn-apple

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