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Biographical Directory1482

25, 1800; attended the common schools; moved to St. Ste-
phens (an Indian agency), Ala., in 1817; employed in the
bank at St. Stephens and in the office of the clerk of the
county court; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1821
and commenced practice in Demopolis; secretary of the State
senate 1822-1830; member of the State senate in 1833; re-
elected to the State senate in 1834 and served as president
of that body; elected as an Anti-Jacksonian to the Twenty-
fourth Congress and reelected as a Whig to the Twenty-
fifth Congress (March 4, 1835-March 3, 1839); was not a
candidate for renomination; resumed the practice of law and
also engaged in agriculture; in 1845, when the State banks
were placed in liquidation, he was selected as one of three
commissioners to adjust all claims and was afterward chosen
sole commissioner until the final settlement in 1853; chair-
man of the Democratic State convention in 1860; delegate
to the Democratic National Convention at Charleston in
1860, when the southern delegates withdrew, he among
them; member of the State house of representatives in 1861;
elected to the Provisional Confederate Congress but declined
to serve; elected to the First and Second Confederate Con-
gresses and served from 1862 until the close of the Civil
War; delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1875
and made the draft of the constitution adopted by the con-
vention; again elected to the State senate in 1876; died
in Demopolis, Ala., December 31, 1882; interment in the
Old Glover Vault.

LYON, Homer Le Grand, a Representative from North
Carolina; born in Elizabethtown, Bladen County, N.C.,
March 1, 1879; attended the public schools, the Davis Mili-
tary School, Winston, N.C., and the law department of the
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; was admitted
to the bar in 1900 and commenced practice in Whiteville,
Columbus County, N.C.; delegate to every Democratic State
convention from 1901 to 1921; delegate to the Democratic
National Conventions in 1904 and 1940; solicitor of the
eighth judicial district of North Carolina 1913-1920; elected
as a Democrat to the Sixty-seventh and to the three suc-
ceeding Congresses (March 4, 1921-March 3, 1929); was not
a candidate for renomination in 1928; resumed the practice
of law in Whiteville, N.C., until his retirement in 1950;
died in Whiteville, N.C., May 31, 1956; interment in Memo-
rial Cemetery.

LYON, Lucius, a Delegate, a Senator, and a Representa-
tive from Michigan; born in Shelburne, Chittenden County,
Vt., February 26, 1800; attended the common schools; moved
to Bronson, Mich., in 1821; became a land surveyor; elected
as a Democrat Delegate to the Twenty-third Congress
(March 4, 1833-March 3, 1835); served as a member of the
convention which framed the State constitution in 1835;
upon the admission of Michigan as a State into the Union
was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate
and served from January 26, 1837, to March 3, 1839; was
not a candidate for reelection; moved to Grand Rapids,
Mich., in 1839; member of the board of regents of the Uni-
versity of Michigan 1837-1839; appointed Indian commis-
sioner at La Pointe, Wis., in 1839; elected as a Democrat
to the Twenty-eighth Congress (March 4, 1843-March 3,
1845); declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1844;
appointed by President James K. Polk in 1845 surveyor
general for Ohio, Indiana, and Michigan, moving the office
from Cincinnati to Detroit for his convenience, and serving
in this capacity until 1850; died in Detroit, Mich., September
24, 1851; interment in Elmwood Cemetery.

Bibliography: Dodge, Elise F. ‘‘Pioneers of the Statehood Era: Lucius
Lyon.’’ Michigan History 71 (November/December 1987): 39-40; Shirigian,
John. ‘‘Lucius Lyon: His Place in Michigan History.’’ Ph.D. dissertation,
University of Michigan, 1961.

LYON, Matthew (father of Chittenden Lyon and great-
grandfather of William Peters Hepburn), a Representative
from Vermont and from Kentucky; born near Dublin, County
Wicklow, Ireland, July 14, 1749; attended school in Dublin;
began to learn the trade of printer in 1763; immigrated
to the United States in 1765; was landed as a redemptioner
and worked on a farm in Woodbury, Conn., where he contin-
ued his education; moved to Wallingford, Vt. (then known
as the New Hampshire Grants), in 1774 and organized a
company of militia; served as adjutant in Colonel Warner’s
regiment in Canada in 1775; commissioned second lieuten-
ant in the regiment known as the Green Mountain Boys
in July 1776; moved to Arlington, Vt., in 1777; resigned
from the Army in 1778; member of the State house of rep-
resentatives 1779-1783; founded the town of Fair Haven,
Vt., in 1783; was a member of the State house of representa-
tives for ten years during the period 1783-1796; built and
operated various kinds of mills, including one for the manu-
facture of paper; established a printing office in 1793 and
published the Farmers’ Library, afterward the Fair Haven
Gazette; unsuccessful candidate for election to the Second
and Third Congresses; unsuccessfully contested the election
of Israel Smith to the Fourth Congress; elected as a Repub-
lican to the Fifth and Sixth Congresses (March 4, 1797-
March 3, 1801); was not a candidate for renomination in
1800; moved to Kentucky in 1801 and settled in Caldwell
(now Lyon) County; member of the house of representatives
of Kentucky in 1802; elected to the Eighth and to the three
succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1803-March 3, 1811); un-
successful candidate for reelection in 1810 to the Twelfth
Congress; was appointed United States factor to the Cher-
okee Nation in Arkansas Territory in 1820; unsuccessfully
contested the election of James W. Bates as a Delegate
from Arkansas Territory to the Seventeenth Congress; died
in Spadra Bluff, Ark., August 1, 1822; interment in Spadra
Bluff Cemetery; reinterment in Eddyville Cemetery,
Eddyville, Caldwell (now Lyon) County, Ky., in 1833.

Bibliography: Austin, Aleine. Matthew Lyon: ‘ ‘New Man’’ of the Demo-
cratic Revolution, 1749-1822. University Park: Pennsylvania State Univer-
sity Press, 1981; Montagno, George L. ‘‘Matthew Lyon, Radical Jeffer-
sonian, 1796-1801: A Case Study in Partisan Politics.’’ Ph.D. diss., Univer-
sity of California at Berkeley, 1954.

LYTLE, Robert Todd (nephew of John Rowan), a Rep-
resentative from Ohio; born in Williamsburg, Clermont
County, Ohio, May 19, 1804; attended the common schools
and Cincinnati College; studied law in Louisville, Ky.; was
admitted to the bar in that city in 1824 and commenced
the practice of his profession in Cincinnati, Ohio; elected
county prosecuting attorney; member of the State house of
representatives in 1828 and 1829; elected as a Jacksonian
to the Twenty-third Congress and served from March 4,
1833, until March 10, 1834, when he resigned; reelected
to fill the vacancy caused by his own resignation and served
from December 27, 1834, to March 3, 1835; unsuccessful
candidate for reelection in 1834 to the Twenty-fourth Con-
gress; resumed the practice of law; surveyor general of pub-
lic lands in the Northwest Territory in 1836; major general
of Ohio Militia in 1838; died in New Orleans, La., December
22, 1839; interment in Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati,
Ohio.

M
MAAS, Melvin Joseph, a Representative from Min-

nesota; born in Duluth, Minn., May 14, 1898; moved with
his parents to St. Paul, Minn., in 1898; educated in the
public schools; was graduated from St. Thomas College at

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Biographies 1483

St. Paul in 1919; attended the University of Minnesota at
Minneapolis; engaged in the insurance business; during the
First World War served in the aviation branch of the Marine
Corps in 1918 and 1919; officer in the Marine Corps Reserve
in 1925 and retired with rank of major general August 1,
1952; elected as a Republican to the Seventieth, Seventy-
first, and Seventy-second Congresses (March 4, 1927-March
3, 1933); unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1932;
received the Carnegie Silver Medal for disarming a maniac
in the United States House of Representatives in December
1932; elected to the Seventy-fourth and to the four suc-
ceeding Congresses (January 3, 1935-January 3, 1945); un-
successful candidate for reelection in 1944 to the Seventy-
ninth Congress; served in the South Pacific as a colonel
in the United States Marine Corps 1942-1945, while still
a Member of Congress; special adviser to the House Naval
Affairs Committee in 1946; assistant to the chairman of
the board of the Sperry Corporation, New York City, 1947-
1951; became a member of the President’s Committee on
Employment of the Physically Handicapped in 1949 and
served as chairman 1954-1964; had been stricken with total
blindness in August 1951; was a resident of Chevy Chase,
Md., until his death in Bethesda, Md., April 13, 1964; inter-
ment in Arlington National Cemetery.

MacCRATE, John, a Representative from New York;
born in Dumbarton, Scotland, March 29, 1885; immigrated
with his mother to the United States in 1893 and settled
in Greenpoint, Brooklyn, N.Y., where his father had pro-
vided a home; attended the public schools and the Commer-
cial High School in Brooklyn; was graduated from the law
department of New York University in 1906; was admitted
to the bar the same year and commenced practice in New
York City; delegate to the Republican National Conventions
in 1916 and 1920; was nominated in the primaries by both
the Republican and Democratic Parties and was elected as
a Republican to the Sixty-sixth Congress and served from
March 4, 1919, to December 30, 1920, when he resigned;
elected justice of the supreme court of the State of New
York in 1920; reelected in 1934 and 1948 and served in
the appellate division of the supreme court until December
31, 1955, when he reached age limit; official referee, New
York State Supreme Court, in 1956, 1957, and to June 1958;
died in Brooklyn, N.Y., June 9, 1976; interment in Mount
Olivet Cemetery, Queens, N.Y.

MacDONALD, John Lewis, a Representative from Min-
nesota; born in Glasgow, Scotland, February 22, 1838; immi-
grated to Nova Scotia, Canada, with his parents, who later,
in 1847, settled in Pittsburgh, Pa.; moved to Minnesota in
1855 and settled in Scott County; studied law; was admitted
to the bar in 1859 and commenced practice at Belle Plain,
Minn.; judge of the probate court of Scott County in 1860
and 1861; during the Civil War was commissioned to enlist
and muster volunteers for the Union Army; prosecuting at-
torney of Scott County in 1863 and 1864; county super-
intendent of schools in 1865 and 1866; member of the State
house of representatives in 1869 and 1870; served in the
State senate in 1871 and 1873-1876; unsuccessful Demo-
cratic candidate for attorney general in 1872; mayor of
Shakopee in 1876; elected judge of the eighth judicial district
of Minnesota in 1876 for a term of seven years and reelected
without opposition in 1883; resigned in the fall of 1886,
having been elected to Congress; elected as a Democrat to
the Fiftieth Congress (March 4, 1887-March 3, 1889); unsuc-
cessful candidate for reelection in 1888 to the Fifty-first
Congress; engaged in the practice of his profession in St.
Paul, Minn.; moved to Kansas City, Mo., in 1898 and contin-
ued the practice of law until his death from injuries received

in a streetcar accident July 13, 1903; interment in St. Mary’s
Cemetery, Kansas City, Mo.

MACDONALD, Moses, a Representative from Maine;
born in Limerick, Maine, April 8, 1815; received an academic
education; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1837
and commenced practice in Biddeford, Maine, in 1837; mem-
ber of the State house of representatives in 1841, 1842,
and 1845; served as speaker in 1845; served in the State
senate in 1847; State treasurer 1847-1850; elected as a Dem-
ocrat to the Thirty-second and Thirty-third Congresses
(March 4, 1851-March 3, 1855); chairman, Committee on
Revolutionary Claims (Thirty-second Congress); appointed
collector of customs at Portland, Maine, by President Bu-
chanan in 1857 and served until 1861; died in Saco, Maine,
on October 18, 1869; interment in Laurel Hill Cemetery.

MACDONALD, Torbert Hart, a Representative from
Massachusetts; born in Everett, Middlesex County, Mass.,
June 6, 1917; attended Malden public schools, Medford High
School, and Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.; was grad-
uated from Harvard University, B.A., 1940 and from its
law school, LL.B., 1946; served in the United States Navy
as a PT boat commander in the Southwest Pacific 1942-
1944; awarded Silver Star Combat Award and Presidential
Citation; was admitted to the bar in 1946 and commenced
the practice of law in Boston, Mass.; member of the National
Labor Relations Board for New England area 1948-1952;
delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 1960,
1964, and 1968; elected as a Democrat to the Eighty-fourth
Congress; reelected to the ten succeeding Congresses and
served from January 3, 1955, until his death, May 21, 1976,
in Bethesda, Md.; interment in Holy Cross Cemetery,
Malden, Mass.

MacDONALD, William Josiah, a Representative from
Michigan; born in Potosi, Grant County, Wis., November
17, 1873; attended the common schools and was graduated
from the high school at Fairmont, Minn.; attended the Uni-
versity of Minnesota at Minneapolis and Georgetown Law
School, Washington, D.C.; was admitted to the bar and com-
menced practice at Calumet, Mich., in 1895; prosecuting
attorney for Keweenaw County, Mich., 1898-1904; pros-
ecuting attorney for Houghton County, Mich., 1906-1912;
successfully contested as a Progressive the election of H.
Olin Young to the Sixty-third Congress and served from
August 26, 1913, to March 3, 1915; unsuccessful candidate
for reelection in 1914 to the Sixty-fourth Congress and for
election in 1916 to the Sixty-fifth Congress; resumed the
practice of law in Springfield, Ill., in 1917; moved to East
St. Louis, Ill., in 1922 and engaged in the practice of his
profession; died in Chicago, Ill., March 29, 1946; interment
in Graceland Cemetery, Chicago, Ill.

MacDOUGALL, Clinton Dugald, a Representative from
New York; born near Glasgow, Scotland, June 14, 1839;
immigrated to Canada in 1842 with his parents, who later
settled in Auburn, N.Y.; pursued an academic course; stud-
ied law; engaged in banking 1856-1869; commissioned cap-
tain in the Seventy-fifth Regiment, New York Volunteer In-
fantry, September 16, 1861; lieutenant colonel of the One
Hundred and Eleventh Regiment, New York Volunteer In-
fantry, August 20, 1862; colonel January 3, 1863; brevetted
brigadier general of Volunteers February 25, 1865; honor-
ably mustered out June 4, 1865; appointed postmaster of
Auburn, N.Y., in 1869; elected as a Republican to the Forty-
third and Forty-fourth Congresses (March 4, 1873-March
3, 1877); unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1876;
served as United States marshal of the northern judicial

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Biographical Directory1562

where he entered upon a business career; purchasing agent
of the Detroit & Milwaukee Railroad; an organizer of the
Michigan Car Co. in 1863; built and became president of
the Duluth, South Shore & Atlantic Railroad; largely inter-
ested in shipbuilding and lake transportation companies;
for three years was president of the Detroit Board of Park
Commissioners and for four years a member of the Detroit
Board of Estimates; presidential elector on the Republican
ticket in 1884; elected as a Republican to the United States
Senate in 1889; reelected in 1895 and 1901 and served from
March 3, 1889, until his death; chairman, Committee on
Manufactures (Fifty-first and Fifty-second Congresses), Com-
mittee on the District of Columbia (Fifty-fourth through
Fifty-seventh Congresses); died in Manchester, Essex Coun-
ty, Mass., August 10, 1902; interment in Elmwood Cemetery,
Detroit, Mich.

Bibliography: American National Biography; Dictionary of American Bi-
ography; Drutchas, Geoffrey G. ‘‘Gray Eminence in a Gilded Age: The For-
gotten Career of Senator James McMillan of Michigan.’’ Michigan Histor-
ical Review 28 (Fall 2002): 78-113; Heyda, Marie. ‘‘Senator James McMil-
lan and the Flowering of the Spoils System.’’ Michigan History 54 (Fall
1970): 183-200.

McMILLAN, John Alexander, III (Alex), a Representa-
tive from North Carolina; born in Charlotte, N.C., May 9,
1932; graduated from Woodberry Forest School, Orange, Va.,
1950; B.A., University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N.C.,
1954; M.B.A., University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va.,
1958; United States Army, special agent, intelligence, 1954-
1956; president, Harris-Teeter Super Markets, 1977-1983;
chairman, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Broadcasting Authority,
1978-1983; Mecklenburg County board of commissioners,
1972-1974; board member and chairman, Mecklenburg board
of social services, 1974-1977; elected as a Republican to the
Ninety-ninth and to the four succeeding Congresses (Janu-
ary 3, 1985-January 3, 1995); not a candidate for reelection
to the One Hundred Fourth Congress in 1994; faculty, The
Citadel, Columbia, S.C., 2003 to present.

McMILLAN, John Lanneau, a Representative from
South Carolina; born on a farm near Mullins, Marion Coun-
ty, S.C., April 12, 1898; educated Mullins High School, Uni-
versity of North Carolina, and South Carolina, also Univer-
sity of South Carolina Law School and National Law School,
Washington, D.C.; selected to represent United States Con-
gress at the Interparliamentary Union in London in 1960,
and in Tokyo in 1961; elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-
sixth and to the sixteen succeeding Congresses (January
3, 1939-January 3, 1973); chairman, Committee on District
of Columbia (Seventy-ninth, Eighty-first, Eighty-second and
Eighty-fourth through Ninety-second Congresses); unsuc-
cessful candidate for renomination in 1972 to the Ninety-
third Congress; resided in Florence, S.C., where he died
September 3, 1979; interment in the McMillan family ceme-
tery, Mullins, S.C.

McMILLAN, Samuel, a Representative from New York;
born in County Down, town of Drumore, Ireland, August
6, 1850; immigrated to the United States with his parents,
who settled in New York City and later moved to Niles,
Trumbull County, Ohio; attended the common schools; re-
turned to New York City and took up the trade of carpenter;
attended night school as a student of architecture; engaged
in banking; vice president for a construction company that
built Manhattan Bridge; served as a member of the board
of examiners of the building department, city of New York,
for twelve years, and park commissioner and president of
the board for three years under Mayor Strong’s administra-
tion; elected as a Republican to the Sixtieth Congress
(March 4, 1907-March 3, 1909); was not a candidate for

renomination in 1908 to the Sixty-first Congress; died in
New York City on May 6, 1924; interment in Woodlawn
Cemetery.

McMILLAN, Samuel James Renwick, a Senator from
Minnesota; born in Brownsville, Fayette County, Pa., Feb-
ruary 22, 1826; completed preparatory studies; graduated
from Duquesne College, Pittsburgh, Pa., in 1846; studied
law; admitted to the bar in 1849 and commenced practice
in Pittsburgh, Pa.; moved to St. Paul, Minn., in 1852, then
to Stillwater, Minn., in 1854, and engaged in the practice
of law in both cities; returned to St. Paul in 1856; judge
of the first judicial district 1858-1864; served as second lieu-
tenant of the Stillwater Frontier Guards during the Indian
war of 1862; appointed and subsequently elected associate
justice of the State supreme court in 1864; reelected in 1871
and served until his resignation in 1874; appointed in 1874
and subsequently elected chief justice of the State supreme
court and served until 1875, when he resigned; elected as
a Republican to the United States Senate in 1875; reelected
in 1881 and served from March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1887;
was not a candidate for renomination in 1886; chairman,
Committee on Claims (Forty-fifth Congress), Committee on
Commerce (Forty-seventh through Forty-ninth Congresses),
Committee on Revision of the Laws of the United States
(Forty-seventh Congress); engaged in the practice of law
until his death in St. Paul, Minn., October 3, 1897; inter-
ment in Oakland Cemetery.

McMILLAN, Thomas Sanders (husband of Clara
Gooding McMillan), a Representative from South Carolina;
born near Ulmers, Allendale County, S.C., November 27,
1888; attended the common schools near Ulmers and was
graduated from Orangeburg (S.C.) Collegiate Institute in
1907; taught school at Perry, Aiken County, S.C., in 1907
and 1908; graduated from the University of South Carolina
at Columbia in 1912; completed the law course at the same
university in 1913; was admitted to the bar in 1913 and
commenced the practice of law in Charleston, S.C.; also in-
terested in agricultural pursuits; member of the State house
of representatives 1917-1924, serving as speaker pro tem-
pore in 1921 and 1922 and as speaker in 1923 and 1924;
was not a candidate for renomination in 1924; elected as
a Democrat to the Sixty-ninth and to the seven succeeding
Congresses and served from March 4, 1925, until his death;
member of the executive committee of the Interparliamen-
tary Union 1937-1939, serving as delegate to the convention
held in Oslo, Norway, in 1939; died in Charleston, S.C.,
September 29, 1939; interment in Magnolia Cemetery.

McMILLAN, William, a Delegate from the Territory
Northwest of the River Ohio; born near Abingdon, Wash-
ington County, Va., March 2, 1764; was graduated from
the College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Va.; studied
law; moved to Fort Washington (now Cincinnati, Ohio) in
1787; was admitted to the bar in 1788 and commenced prac-
tice in Cincinnati; first justice of the court of general quarter
sessions in 1790; member of the Territorial house of rep-
resentatives in 1799 and 1800; elected to the Sixth Congress
to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of William
H. Harrison and served from November 24, 1800, to March
3, 1801; declined renomination in 1800; after admission of
Ohio into the Union in 1803 was appointed United States
district attorney for Ohio, but owing to declining health
did not assume the duties; died in Cincinnati, Ohio, in May
1804; interment in Spring Grove Cemetery.

Bibliography: Bloom, Jo Tice. ‘‘The Congressional Delegates from the
Northwest Territory.’’ Old Northwest 3 (1977): 3-21.

McMILLEN, Charles Thomas, a Representative from
Maryland; born in Elmira, Chemung County, N.Y., May 26,

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Biographies 1563

1952; graduated from Mansfield High School, Mansfield, Pa.,
1970; B.S., University of Maryland, College Park, Md., 1974;
B.A., Oxford University, Oxford, England; M.A., Oxford Uni-
versity (Rhodes Scholar), Oxford, England, 1978; profes-
sional basketball player; founded an electronic equipment
company and served as chairman of the board of an invest-
ment firm; elected as a Democrat to the One Hundredth
and to the two succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1987-
January 3, 1993); unsuccessful candidate for reelection to
the One Hundred Third Congress in 1992; co-chair the Presi-
dent’s Commission on Physical Fitness, 1993-1998; is a resi-
dent of Crofton, Md.

McMILLEN, Rolla Coral, a Representative from Illinois;
born near Monticello, Piatt County, Ill., October 5, 1880;
attended the public schools of Monticello, Ill., and the Uni-
versity of Illinois at Chicago; was graduated from the Uni-
versity of Michigan Law School at Ann Arbor in 1906; was
admitted to the bar the same year and commenced practice
in Decatur, Ill.; delegate to the Republican National Conven-
tion in 1940; member of State housing board 1940-1944;
elected as a Republican to the Seventy-eighth Congress to
fill the vacancy caused by the death of William H. Wheat;
reelected to the Seventy-ninth, Eightieth, and Eighty-first
Congresses, and served from June 13, 1944, to January 3,
1951; was not a candidate for renomination in 1950; died
in Evanston, Ill., May 6, 1961; interment in Greenwood
Cemetery, Decatur, Ill.

McMILLIN, Benton, a Representative from Tennessee;
born in Monroe County, Ky., September 11, 1845; attended
Philomath Academy, Tennessee, and the University of Ken-
tucky at Lexington; studied law; was admitted to the bar
and commenced practice in Celina, Clay County, Tenn., in
1871; member of the State house of representatives in 1874;
commissioned by the Governor to treat with the State of
Kentucky for the purchase of territory in 1875; attended
every Democratic National Convention between 1876 and
1932 except in 1920; member, State house of representa-
tives, 1875-1877; commissioned by the Governor as a special
judge of the circuit court in 1877; elected as a Democrat
to the Forty-sixth and to the nine succeeding Congresses
and served from March 4, 1879, until his resignation on
January 6, 1899, to become Governor; chairman, Committee
on Claims (Forty-eighth Congress), Committee on Expendi-
tures in the Department of the Navy (Fifty-third Congress);
elected Governor of Tennessee in 1898, reelected in 1900,
and served until 1903; engaged in the insurance business
in Nashville, Tenn.; appointed Envoy Extraordinary and
Minister Plenipotentiary to Peru July 2, 1913, and served
until September 22, 1919; represented the United States
at Guatemala in the same capacity from September 23,
1919, to January 5, 1922; resumed the insurance business
in Nashville, Tenn., where he died on January 8, 1933;
interment in Mount Olivet Cemetery.

McMORRAN, Henry Gordon, a Representative from
Michigan; born in Port Huron, Mich., June 11, 1844; at-
tended the Crawford Private School; engaged in the whole-
sale grocery business in 1865 and also in the milling, grain,
and elevator business; member of the board of aldermen
in 1867; city treasurer of Port Huron in 1875; general man-
ager of the Port Huron & Northwestern Railway 1878-1889;
member of the State canal commission; elected as a Repub-
lican to the Fifty-eighth and to the four succeeding Con-
gresses (March 4, 1903-March 3, 1913); chairman, Com-
mittee on Manufactures (Sixtieth and Sixty-first Con-
gresses); was not a candidate for renomination in 1912; en-
gaged in numerous business enterprises at Port Huron,

Mich.; organized the Great Lakes Foundry Co., serving as
its president; died in Port Huron, Mich., July 19, 1929;
interment in Lakeside Cemetery.

McMULLEN, Chester Bartow, a Representative from
Florida; born in Largo, Pinellas County, Fla., December 6,
1902; attended the public schools of Largo, Fla.; was grad-
uated from the college of law at the University of Florida
in 1924; was admitted to the bar in 1924 and commenced
the practice of law in Clearwater, Fla.; prosecuting attorney
of Pinellas County, Fla., in 1927 and 1928; elected State
attorney for the sixth judicial circuit of Florida in 1930
and served until elected to Congress in 1950; director of
the First National Bank of Clearwater; elected as a Demo-
crat to the Eighty-second Congress (January 3, 1951-Janu-
ary 3, 1953); was not a candidate for renomination in 1952;
died in Clearwater, Fla., November 3, 1953; interment in
Sylvan Abbey, Clearwater, Fla.

McMULLEN, Fayette, a Representative from Virginia;
born in Estellville (now Gate City), Scott County, Va., May
18, 1805; attended private schools; State driver and team-
ster; member of the State senate 1839-1849; elected as a
Democrat to the Thirty-first and to the three succeeding
Congresses (March 4, 1849-March 3, 1857); chairman, Com-
mittee on Expenditures in the Department of the Navy
(Thirty-second and Thirty-third Congresses), Committee on
Expenditures on Public Buildings (Thirty-fourth Congress);
delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1852 and
1856; Governor of Washington Territory 1857-1861; elected
as a Representative from Virginia to the Second Confederate
Congress and served to the end of the Confederacy; engaged
in agricultural pursuits and banking; was killed by a train
in Wytheville, Va., November 8, 1880; interment in Round
Hill Cemetery, Marion, Va.

McMURRAY, Howard Johnstone, a Representative
from Wisconsin; born in Harvey County, near Mount Hope,
Kans., March 3, 1901; attended the public schools, Berea
Academy at Berea, Ky., and high school at Madison, Wis.;
was graduated from the University of Wisconsin at Madison
in 1936; engaged in the life insurance business 1923-1928;
executive with air transport companies 1928-1935; teacher
of political science at the University of Wisconsin 1936-1942;
elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-eighth Congress (Janu-
ary 3, 1943-January 3, 1945); was not a candidate for re-
nomination in 1944, but was an unsuccessful Democratic
candidate for election to the United States Senate in 1944
and again in 1946; lecturer in political science at the Univer-
sity of Wisconsin in 1945 and 1946; professor of political
science at Occidental College, Los Angeles, Calif., 1947-1949;
professor of government, University of New Mexico, from
1949 until his death in Albuquerque, N.Mex., August 14,
1961; interment in Fairview Park Cemetery.

McNAGNY, William Forgy, a Representative from Indi-
ana; born in Talmadge, Summit County, Ohio, April 19,
1850; moved in early life to Whitley County, Ind.; attended
the public schools and the Springfield Academy, South Whit-
ley, Ind.; taught school; worked on his father’s farm for
six years; station agent for the Pennsylvania Railroad Co.
at Larwill, Ind., 1868-1875; studied law; was admitted to
the bar in 1875 and commenced practice in Columbia City,
Whitley County, Ind.; elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-
third Congress (March 4, 1893-March 3, 1895); unsuccessful
candidate for reelection in 1894 to the Fifty-fourth Congress;
resumed the practice of law in Columbia City, Ind., and
died there August 24, 1923; interment in Masonic Cemetery.

McNAIR, John, a Representative from Pennsylvania;
born in Bucks County, Pa., June 8, 1800; received an aca-

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Biographical Directory1642

MYERS, Amos, a Representative from Pennsylvania;
born in Petersburg, Lancaster County, Pa., April 23, 1824;
attended a private school near Clarion, Pa., and was grad-
uated from Meadville College in 1843; studied law; was ad-
mitted to the bar in 1846 and commenced practice in Clar-
ion, Clarion County, Pa.; held several local offices; was ap-
pointed district attorney of Clarion County in 1847; elected
as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth Congress (March 4,
1863-March 3, 1865); chairman, Committee on Expenditures
in the Department of the Treasury (Thirty-eighth Congress);
resumed the practice of law in Clarion; moved to Kentucky,
was ordained to the Baptist ministry, and preached in Ken-
tucky, Pennsylvania, and New York; died in East Carleton
(now Kent), Orleans County, N.Y., on October 18, 1893; in-
terment in Crown Hill Cemetery, Indianapolis, Ind.

MYERS, Francis John, a Representative and a Senator
from Pennsylvania; born in Philadelphia, Pa., December 18,
1901; attended the public schools; graduated from St. Jo-
seph’s College in 1923 and from the law department of Tem-
ple University, Philadelphia, Pa., in 1927; instructor in St.
Joseph’s High School, Philadelphia, Pa., 1923-1927; admitted
to the bar in 1927 and commenced practice in Philadelphia,
Pa.; secretary to the district attorney of Philadelphia 1929-
1931; attorney for the Home Owners’ Loan Corporation
1934-1935; deputy attorney general of Pennsylvania 1937;
elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-sixth, Seventy-seventh,
and Seventy-eighth Congresses (January 3, 1939-January
3, 1945); was not a candidate for renomination in 1944,
having received the Democratic nomination for Senator;
elected to the United States Senate in 1944 and served
from January 3, 1945, to January 3, 1951; unsuccessful can-
didate for reelection in 1950; Democratic whip 1949-1951;
resumed the practice of law; at time of death was chairman
of Philadelphia Redevelopment Authority and a member of
the General State Authority and the Greater Philadelphia
Movement; died in Philadelphia, Pa., July 5, 1956; interment
in Holy Sepulchre Cemetery.

MYERS, Gary Arthur, a Representative from Pennsyl-
vania; born in Toronto, Jefferson County, Ohio, August 16,
1937; attended Evans City (Pa.) Elementary School, 1943-
1951; graduated, Evans City High School, 1955; B.S., Uni-
versity of Cincinnati, 1960; M.B.A., University of Pittsburgh,
1964; pursued professional career in mechanical and indus-
trial engineering, steel mill turn foreman; served in the
United States Air Force Reserve, 1961-1968; unsuccessful
candidate in 1972 for election to the Ninety-third Congress;
elected as a Republican to the Ninety-fourth and to the
Ninety-fifth Congresses (January 3, 1975-January 3, 1979);
was not a candidate for reelection in 1978 to the Ninety-
sixth Congress; resumed work in the steel industry; consult-
ant in technical services and project management for an
engineering search firm; is a resident of Butler, Pa.

MYERS, Henry Lee, a Senator from Montana; born near
Boonville, Cooper County, Mo., October 9, 1862; attended
private schools, Cooper Institute, and Boonville Academy;
studied law; admitted to the bar in 1884 and commenced
practice in Boonville; moved to Hamilton, Ravalli County,
Mont., in 1893; prosecuting attorney of Ravalli County 1895-
1899; member, State senate 1899-1903; district judge of the
fourth judicial district of Montana 1907-1911; elected as a
Democrat to the United States Senate in 1911; reelected
in 1916 and served from March 4, 1911, until March 3,
1923; declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1922;
chairman, Committee on Irrigation and Reclamation of Arid
Lands (Sixty-third Congress), Committee on Public Lands
(Sixty-third through Sixty-fifth Congresses), Committee on

Indian Depredations (Sixty-sixth Congress); moved to Bil-
lings, Mont., in 1923 and continued the practice of his pro-
fession; appointed associate justice of the supreme court of
Montana 1927; resumed the practice of law in 1929; died
in Billings, Mont., November 11, 1943; interment in River-
view Cemetery, Hamilton, Mont.

Bibliography: Myers, Henry L. The United States Senate: What Kind
of Body? Philadelphia: Dorrance & Co., 1939.

MYERS, John Thomas (father-in-law of Brian D. Kerns),
a Representative from Indiana; born in Covington, Fountain
County, Ind., February 8, 1927; graduated from Covington
High School, Covington, Ind., 1945; B.S., Indiana State Uni-
versity, Terre Haute, Ind., 1951; United States Army, 1945-
1946; cashier and trust officer with The Fountain Trust
Co., Covington, Ind., 1952-1966; farmer, Fountain County,
Ind.; elected as a Republican to the Ninetieth and to the
fourteen succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1967-January
3, 1997); was not a candidate for reelection to the One
Hundred Fifth Congress in 1996.

MYERS, Leonard, a Representative from Pennsylvania;
born in Attleboro (now Langhorne), Bucks County, Pa., on
November 13, 1827; attended private academic schools and
the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia; studied law;
was admitted to the bar in 1848 and practiced in Philadel-
phia, Pa.; held local offices; major of the Ninth Regiment,
Pennsylvania Militia, during the emergency service of Sep-
tember 1862; elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth,
Thirty-ninth, and Fortieth Congresses (March 4, 1863-March
3, 1869); successfully contested the election of John Moffet
to the Forty-first Congress; reelected to the Forty-second
and Forty-third Congresses and served from April 9, 1869,
to March 3, 1875; chairman, Committee on Foreign Affairs
(Forty-second Congress), Committee on Patents (Forty-sec-
ond Congress), Committee on Private Land Claims (Forty-
third Congress); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in
1874; resumed the practice of law; died in Philadelphia,
Pa., February 11, 1905; interment in De Benneville family
cemetery.

MYERS, Michael Joseph (Ozzie), a Representative from
Pennsylvania; born in Philadelphia, Philadelphia County,
Pa., May 4, 1943; attended Bishop Neumann High School,
Philadelphia, Pa.; graduated, Philadelphia public school,
1961; longshoreman; member of the Pennsylvania state
house of representatives, 1970-1976; elected simultaneously
as a Democrat to the Ninety-fourth and Ninety-fifth Con-
gress in a special election to fill the vacancy caused by
the death of United States Representative William A. Bar-
rett and reelected to the Ninety-sixth Congress (November
2, 1976-October 2, 1980); expelled from the House of Rep-
resentatives pursuant to H. Res. 794, passed on October
2, 1980; unsuccessful candidate for 39th ward leader in
Philadelphia, Pa., May 1988.

MYERS, William Ralph, a Representative from Indiana;
born near Wilmington, Clinton County, Ohio, June 12, 1836;
moved with his parents to Anderson, Madison County, Ind.,
in October 1836; attended the common schools and later
taught; surveyor of Madison County 1858-1860; during the
Civil War enlisted as a private in Company G, Forty-seventh
Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry; was promoted to or-
derly sergeant, second lieutenant, first lieutenant, and cap-
tain, and served four years and three months; after return-
ing from the Army taught school; superintendent of the pub-
lic schools of Anderson, Ind., in 1868 and 1869; member
of the school board of Anderson 1871-1879; studied law;
was admitted to the bar in 1871 and commenced practice
in Anderson; elected as a Democrat to the Forty-sixth Con-

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Biographies 1643

gress (March 4, 1879-March 3, 1881); unsuccessful candidate
for reelection in 1880 to the Forty-seventh Congress; sec-
retary of State of Indiana 1882-1886; purchased the Ander-
son Democrat in 1886 and was its editor; unsuccessful
Democratic candidate for Governor; again secretary of state
1892-1894; resumed the practice of law; died in Anderson,
Ind., April 18, 1907; interment in East Maplewood Ceme-
tery.

MYRICK, Sue, a Representative from North Carolina;
born in Tiffin, Seneca County, Ohio, August 1, 1941; grad-
uated from Port Clinton High School, Port Clinton, Ohio;
attended Heidelberg College, Tiffin, Ohio, 1959-1960; at-
large member, Charlotte, N.C., city council, 1983-1985;
mayor of Charlotte, N.C., 1987-1991; unsuccessful candidate
for nomination to the United States Senate in 1992; elected
as a Republican to the One Hundred Fourth and to the
four succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1995-present).

N
NABERS, Benjamin Duke, a Representative from Mis-

sissippi; born in Franklin, Williamson County, Tenn., No-
vember 7, 1812; attended the common schools; moved to
Hickory Flat, Miss.; engaged as a commission merchant;
held several local offices; elected as a Unionist to the Thirty-
second Congress (March 4, 1851-March 3, 1853); unsuccess-
ful Unionist candidate for reelection in 1852 to the Thirty-
third Congress; moved to Memphis, Tenn.; studied law; was
admitted to the bar in 1860 and commenced practice in
Memphis, Tenn.; presidential elector on the Constitutional-
Union ticket of Bell and Everett in 1860; returned to Mis-
sissippi and settled at Holly Springs, Marshall County, in
1860; chancery clerk 1870-1874; member of the governing
board of the State penitentiary at Jackson, Miss., for two
years; died at Holly Springs, Miss., September 6, 1878; inter-
ment in Hill Crest Cemetery.

NADLER, Jerrold Lewis, a Representative from New
York; born in Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, June 13,
1947; graduated from Stuyvesant High School, New York,
N.Y., 1965; B.A., Columbia University, New York, N.Y.,
1969; J.D., Fordham University School of Law, New York,
N.Y., 1978; member of the community planning board no.
7, Manhattan, New York, N.Y., 1967-1971; legislative assist-
ant, New York state assembly, 1972; member of the New
York state assembly, 1977-1992; elected as a Democrat to
the One Hundred Second Congress, by special election to
fill the vacancy caused by the death of United States Rep-
resentative Theodore S. Weiss, reelected to the six suc-
ceeding Congresses (November 3, 1992-present).

NAGLE, David Ray, a Representative from Iowa; born
in Grinnell, Iowa, April 15, 1943; attended University of
Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, Iowa, 1961-1965; LL.B., Univer-
sity of Iowa Law School, Iowa City, Iowa, 1968; lawyer,
private practice; assistant Black Hawk county attorney,
Black Hawk county, Iowa, 1969-1970; city attorney,
Evansdale, Iowa, 1972-1973; adjunct professor, University
of Northern Iowa, 1978-1981; elected as a Democrat to the
One Hundredth and to the two succeeding Congresses (Janu-
ary 3, 1987-January 3, 1993); unsuccessful candidate for
reelection to the One Hundred Third Congress in 1992; un-
successful candidate for election to the United States House
of Representatives in 1994 and 2002.

NAPHEN, Henry Francis, a Representative from Massa-
chusetts; born in Ireland August 14, 1852; immigrated to

the United States with his parents, who settled in Lowell,
Mass.; was educated by private tutors and also attended
the public schools; was graduated from Harvard University
in 1878; attended the Boston University Law School; was
admitted to the bar in 1880 and commenced practice in
Boston; member of the school committee of Boston 1882-
1885; member of the State senate in 1885 and 1886; ap-
pointed bail commissioner by the justices of the superior
court; elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-sixth and Fifty-
seventh Congresses (March 4, 1899-March 3, 1903); was not
a candidate for renomination in 1902; died in Boston, Mass.,
June 8, 1905; interment in Calvary Cemetery.

NAPIER, John Light, a Representative from South
Carolina; born in Blenheim, Marlboro County, S.C., May
16, 1947; attended the public schools; A.B., Davidson Col-
lege, Davidson, N.C., 1969; J.D., University of South Caro-
lina, Columbia, 1972; served in the United States Army
Reserve, first lieutenant, 1969-1977; admitted to the South
Carolina Bar in 1972; legislative assistant to United States
Senator Strom Thurmond and minority counsel, United
States Senate Subcommittee on Administrative Practice and
Procedure, 1972-1973; minority counsel and professional
staff member, United States Senate Committee on Veterans’
Affairs, 1973-1976; chief legislative assistant and legal coun-
sel to Senator Strom Thurmond, 1976-1978; chief minority
counsel, United States Senate Committee on Official Con-
duct, 1977; private practice of law in Bennettsville, S.C.,
1978-1980; elected as a Republican to the Ninety-seventh
Congress (January 3, 1981-January 3, 1983); unsuccessful
candidate for reelection in 1982; returned to the private
practice of law in Bennettsville, 1983-1986; appointed by
President Reagan as judge, United States Claims Court,
September 11, 1986; is a resident of Bennettsville, S.C.,
and Arlington, Va.

NAPOLITANO, Grace F., a Representative from Cali-
fornia; born in Brownsville, Cameron County, Tex., Decem-
ber 4, 1936; graduated from Brownsville High School,
Brownsville, Tex.; attended Cerritos College, Norwalk, Calif.;
attended Texas Southmost College, Brownsville, Tex.; elect-
ed to Norwalk, Calif., city council, 1986; mayor of Norwalk,
Calif., 1989-1990; member of the California state legislature,
1992-1998; elected as a Democrat to the One Hundred Sixth
and to the two succeeding Congress (January 3, 1999-
present).

NAREY, Harry Elsworth, a Representative from Iowa;
born in Spirit Lake, Dickinson County, Iowa, May 15, 1885;
attended the public schools and Grinnell College, Grinnell,
Iowa; was graduated from the State University of Iowa at
Iowa City in 1907; was admitted to the bar the same year
and commenced practice in Spirit Lake, Iowa; county attor-
ney of Dickinson County, Iowa, 1914-1920 and 1943-1945;
city attorney of Spirit Lake, Iowa, 1918-1943; delegate to
the Republican State conventions 1916-1960; chairman of
the Dickson County Republican Central Committee 1918-
1943; elected as a Republican to the Seventy-seventh Con-
gress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Vincent
F. Harrington and served from November 3, 1942, to Janu-
ary 3, 1943; was not a candidate for reelection in 1942
to the Seventy-eighth Congress; again practiced law; ap-
pointed judge of the fourteenth judicial district of Iowa in
1944 and served until his resignation in 1959; resumed the
private practice of law in Spirit Lake, Iowa, until his death
August 18, 1962; interment in Lakeview Cemetery.

NASH, Abner, a Delegate from North Carolina; born at
Templeton Manor, on the Appomattox River, near Farmville,

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