Download ASTM D3035 - Standard Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Pipe and Fittings Materials.pdf PDF

TitleASTM D3035 - Standard Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Pipe and Fittings Materials.pdf
Tags Pressure Pipe (Fluid Conveyance) Polyethylene Ultimate Tensile Strength
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Designation: D3035 − 12´1 An American National Standard

Standard Specification for
Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe (DR-PR) Based on Controlled
Outside Diameter1

This standard is issued under the fixed designation D3035; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of
original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A
superscript epsilon (´) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.

This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the Department of Defense.

ε1 NOTE—Editorially corrected Table 1. Removed blank footnote E in November 2012.

1. Scope*

1.1 This specification covers polyethylene (PE) pipe made
in thermoplastic pipe dimension ratios based on outside diam-
eter and pressure rated for water (see Appendix X1). Included
are requirements for polyethylene compounds and PE plastic
pipe, a system of nomenclature for PE plastic pipe, and
requirements and test methods for materials, workmanship,
dimensions, sustained pressure, and burst pressure. Methods of
marking are also given.

1.2 All pipes produced under this specification may be used
for the transport of water, industrial process liquids, effluents,
slurries, municipal sewage, etc. The user should consult the
manufacturer to determine whether the material being trans-
ported is compatible with polyethylene pipe and will not affect
the service life beyond limits acceptable to the user.

1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded
as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical
conversions to SI units that are provided for information only
and are not considered standard.

1.4 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to the
test methods portion, Section 7, of this specification: This
standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns,
if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user
of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health
practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limita-
tions prior to use.

2. Referenced Documents

2.1 ASTM Standards:2

D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing

D1238 Test Method for Melt Flow Rates of Thermoplastics
by Extrusion Plastometer

D1598 Test Method for Time-to-Failure of Plastic Pipe
Under Constant Internal Pressure

D1599 Test Method for Resistance to Short-Time Hydraulic
Pressure of Plastic Pipe, Tubing, and Fittings

D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plas-
tics

D1603 Test Method for Carbon Black Content in Olefin
Plastics

D2122 Test Method for Determining Dimensions of Ther-
moplastic Pipe and Fittings

D2290 Test Method for Apparent Hoop Tensile Strength of
Plastic or Reinforced Plastic Pipe by Split Disk Method

D2837 Test Method for Obtaining Hydrostatic Design Basis
for Thermoplastic Pipe Materials or Pressure Design Basis
for Thermoplastic Pipe Products

D3350 Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Pipe and Fit-
tings Materials

D4218 Test Method for Determination of Carbon Black
Content in Polyethylene Compounds By the Muffle-
Furnace Technique

F412 Terminology Relating to Plastic Piping Systems

2.2 NSF International Standards:
NSF/ANSI Standard No. 14 for Plastic Piping Components

and Related Materials3

NSF/ANSI Standard No. 61 for Drinking Water System
Components—Health Effects3

2.3 Other Documents:
TR-4 Listing of Hydrostatic Design Bases (HDB), Strength

Design Bases (SDB), Pressure Design Bases (PDB) and
Minimum Required Strength (MRS) Ratings for Thermo-
plastic Piping Materials or Pipe4

1 This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee F17 on Plastic
Piping Systems and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee F17.26 on Olefin
Based Pipe.

Current edition approved July 1, 2012. Published October 2012. Originally
approved in 1972. Last previous edition approved in 2010 as D3035 – 10. DOI:
10.1520/D3035-12.

2 For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, or
contact ASTM Customer Service at [email protected] For Annual Book of ASTM
Standards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page on
the ASTM website.

3 Available from the National Sanitation Foundation, P.O. Box 1468, Ann Arbor,
MI 48106.

4 .Available from Plastics Pipe Institute (PPI), 105 Decker Court, Suite 825,
Irving, TX 75062, http://www.plasticpipe.org.

*A Summary of Changes section appears at the end of this standard

Copyright © ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. United States

1Copyright ASTM International
Provided by IHS under license with ASTM Licensee=Repsol YPF/5982486001

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APWA Uniform Color Code5

3. Terminology

3.1 Definitions—Definitions are in accordance with Termi-
nology F412, and abbreviations are in accordance with Termi-
nology D1600, unless otherwise specified.

3.2 Definitions of Terms Specific to This Standard:
3.2.1 relation between dimension ratio, hydrostatic design

stress, and pressure rating—the following expression, com-
monly known as the ISO equation,6 is used in this specification
to relate dimension ratio, hydrostatic design stress, and pres-
sure rating:

2S/P 5 DR 2 1 or 2S/P 5 ~D0/t! 2 1 (1)

where:
S = hydrostatic design stress for water at 73°F (23°C), psi

(MPa),
P = pressure rating, psi (MPa),
D0 = average outside diameter, in. (mm)
t = minimum wall thickness, in. (mm), and,
DR = thermoplastic pipe dimension ratio (D0 /t for PE pipe).

4. Pipe Classification

4.1 General—This specification covers PE pipe made from
PE plastic pipe materials in various dimension ratios and water
pressure ratings.

4.2 Thermoplastic Pipe Dimension Ratios (DR)—This
specification covers PE pipe in various dimension ratios such
as, but not limited to, DR 11, DR 13.5, DR 17, and DR 21. The
pressure rating is uniform for all nominal sizes of pipe for a
given PE pipe material and DR. (See Table X1.1.)

4.3 Special Sizes—Where existing system conditions or
special local requirements make other diameters or dimension
ratios necessary, other sizes or dimension ratios, or both, shall
be acceptable in engineered products when mutually agreed
upon by the customer and manufacturer if (1) the pipe is
manufactured from plastic compounds meeting the material
requirements of this specification and (2) the strength and

5 APWA, 2345 Grand Boulevard, Suite 500, Kansas City, MO 64018-2641,
http://www.apwa.net.

6 ISO R 161-1960, Pipes of Plastics Materials for the Transport of Fluids
(Outside Diameters and Nominal Pressure), Part 1, Metric Series.

TABLE 1 Polyethylene Compound Requirements

Requirement PE1404A PE2708B

Material
Designation

PE360
Required
ValueB

PE4608B PE4710B

HDB at 140ºF (60ºC), psi
(MPa),

per ASTM D2837 and PPI
TR-3

HDS for water at 73°F

400 (2.76) 800 (5.5) 800 (5.5) 800 (5.5) 1000 (6.9)

(23°C) psi (MPa),
per ASTM D2837 and PPI

TR-3C

Melt flow rate
per ASTM D1238

1.0 to 0.4 g/10 min
Cond. 190/2.16

#0.40 g/10 min
Cond. 190/2.16
or #20 g/10 min
Cond. 190/21.6

#0.15 g/10 min
Cond. 190/2.16
or #20 g/10 min
Cond. 190/21.6

#0.15 g/10 min
Cond. 190/2.16
or #20 g/10 min
Cond. 190/21.6

#0.15 g/10 min
Cond. 190/2.16
or #20 g/10 min
Cond. 190/21.6

Specification D3350
Cell Classification

Property
Density

(natural base resin)
1 2 3 4 4

SCG
Resistance

4 7 6 6 7

Color and UV
Stabilizer

CodeD

C C, D, or E C, D, or E C, D, or E C, D, or E

AHDB at 140°F (60°C) not required. Contact manufacturer about pipe use at temperatures other than 73°F (23°C).
B HDB at 140°F (60°C) required. Contact manufacturer or see PPI TR-4 for listed value.
CContact manufacturer or see PPI TR-4 for listed value.
DSee 5.1.1.

† Removed extraneous blank footnote.

TABLE 2 Outside Diameters and Tolerances for DR-PR PE Plastic
Pipe

Nominal Pipe
Size, in.

Outside Diameter,
in. (mm)

Tolerances,
in. (mm)

1⁄2 0.840 (21.34) ±0.004 (0.10)
3⁄4 1.050 (26.7) ±0.004 (0.10)
1 1.315 (33.4) ±0.005 (0.13)

11⁄4 1.660 (42.2) ±0.005 (0.13)
11⁄2 1.900 (48.3) ±0.006 (0.15)
2 2.375 (60.3) ±0.006 (0.15)
3 3.500 (88.9) ±0.008 (0.20)
4 4.500 (114.3) ±0.009 (0.23)
6 6.625 (168.28) ±0.011 (0.28)
8 8.625 (219.08) ±0.013 (0.33)

10 10.750 (273.05) ±0.015 (0.38)
12 12.750 (323.85) ±0.017 (0.43)
14 14.000 (355.60) ±0.063 (1.60)
16 16.000 (406.40) ±0.072 (1.83)
18 18.000 (457.20) ±0.081 (2.06)
20 20.000 (508.00) ±0.090 (2.29)
22 22.000 (558.80) ±0.099 (2.51)
24 24.000 (609.60) ±0.108 (2.74)

D3035 − 12´1

2Copyright ASTM International
Provided by IHS under license with ASTM Licensee=Repsol YPF/5982486001

Not for Resale, 08/24/2013 00:51:30 MDTNo reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

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Page 3

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design requirements are calculated on the same basis as those
used in this specification.

5. Materials

5.1 Polyethylene Compounds—Polyethylene compounds
suitable for use in the manufacture of pipe under this specifi-
cation shall meet thermoplastic materials designation codes
PE1404 or PE2708 or PE3608 or PE4608 or PE4710, and shall
meet Table 1 requirements for PE1404 or PE2708 or PE3608
or PE4608 or PE4710, and shall meet thermal stability,
brittleness temperature and elongation at break requirements in
accordance with Specification D3350

5.1.1 Color and Ultraviolet (UV) Stabilization—Per Table
3, polyethylene compounds shall meet Specification D3350
code C, D or E. In addition, Code C polyethylene compounds
shall have 2 to 3 percent carbon black, and Code E polyethyl-
ene compounds shall have sufficient UV stabilizer to protect
pipe from deleterious UV exposure effects during unprotected
outdoor shipping and storage for at least eighteen (18) months.

5.1.2 Colors for solid color, a color shell layer, or color
stripes–In accordance with the APWA Uniform Color Code,
blue shall identify potable water service; green shall identify
sewer service; purple (lavender) shall identify reclaimed water
service. Yellow identifies gas service and shall not be used.

TABLE 3 Wall Thicknesses and TolerancesA for DR-PR PE Plastic Pipe
Nomi-

nal
Pipe
Size,
IPS,
in.

DR 32.5 DR 26 DR 21 DR 17 DR 15.5

Minimum Tolerance Minimum Tolerance Minimum Tolerance Minimum Tolerance Minimum Tolerance

in. (mm) in. (mm) in. (mm) in. (mm) in. (mm) in. (mm) in. (mm) in. (mm) in. (mm) in. (mm)

1⁄2 0.062 (1.57) 0.020 (0.51) 0.062 (1.57) 0.020 (0.51) 0.062 (1.57) 0.020 (0.51) 0.062 (1.57) 0.020 (0.51) 0.062 (1.57) 0.020 (0.51)
3⁄4 0.062 (1.57) 0.020 (0.51) 0.062 (1.57) 0.020 (0.51) 0.062 (1.57) 0.020 (0.51) 0.062 (1.57) 0.020 (0.51) 0.068 (1.73) 0.020 (0.51)
1 0.062 (1.57) 0.020 (0.51) 0.062 (1.57) 0.020 (0.51) 0.063 (1.60) 0.020 (0.51) 0.077 (1.96) 0.020 (0.51) 0.084 (2.13) 0.020 (0.51)
11⁄4 0.062 (1.57) 0.020 (0.51) 0.064 (1.63) 0.020 (0.51) 0.079 (2.01) 0.020 (0.51) 0.098 (2.49) 0.020 (0.51) 0.107 (2.72) 0.020 (0.51)
11⁄2 0.062 (1.57) 0.020 (0.51) 0.073 (1.85) 0.020 (0.51) 0.090 (2.29) 0.020 (0.51) 0.112 (2.84) 0.020 (0.51) 0.123 (3.12) 0.020 (0.51)
2 0.073 (1.85) 0.020 (0.51) 0.091 (2.31) 0.020 (0.51) 0.113 (2.87) 0.020 (0.51) 0.140 (3.56) 0.020 (0.51) 0.153 (3.89) 0.020 (0.51)
3 0.108 (2.74) 0.020 (0.51) 0.135 (3.43) 0.020 (0.51) 0.167 (4.24) 0.020 (0.51) 0.206 (5.23) 0.025 (0.64) 0.226 (5.74) 0.027 (0.69)
4 0.138 (3.51) 0.020 (0.51) 0.173 (4.39) 0.021 (0.53) 0.214 (5.44) 0.026 (0.66) 0.265 (6.73) 0.032 (0.81) 0.290 (7.37) 0.035 (0.89)
5 0.171 (4.34) 0.021 (0.53) 0.214 (5.44) 0.026 (0.66) 0.265 (6.73) 0.032 (0.81) 0.327 (8.31) 0.039 (0.99) 0.359 (9.12) 0.043 (1.09)
6 0.204 (5.18) 0.024 (0.61) 0.255 (6.48) 0.031 (0.79) 0.315 (8.00) 0.038 (0.97) 0.390 (9.91) 0.047 (1.19) 0.427 (10.85) 0.051 (1.30)
8 0.265 (6.73) 0.032 (0.81) 0.332 (8.43) 0.040 (1.02) 0.411 (10.44) 0.049 (1.24) 0.507 (12.88) 0.061 (1.55) 0.556 (14.12) 0.067 (1.70)

10 0.331 (8.41) 0.040 (1.02) 0.413 (10.49) 0.050 (1.27) 0.512 (13.00) 0.061 (1.55) 0.632 (16.05) 0.076 (1.93) 0.694 (17.63) 0.083 (2.11)
12 0.392 (9.96) 0.047 (1.19) 0.490 (12.45) 0.059 (1.50) 0.607 (15.42) 0.073 (1.85) 0.750 (19.05) 0.090 (2.29) 0.823 (20.90) 0.099 (2.51)
14 0.431 (10.95) 0.052 (1.32) 0.538 (13.67) 0.065 (1.65) 0.667 (16.94) 0.080 (2.03) 0.824 (20.93) 0.099 (2.51) 0.903 (22.94) 0.108 (2.74)
16 0.492 (12.50) 0.059 (1.50) 0.615 (15.62) 0.074 (1.88) 0.762 (19.35) 0.091 (2.31) 0.941 (23.90) 0.113 (2.87) 1.032 (26.21) 0.124 (3.15)
18 0.554 (14.07) 0.066 (1.68) 0.692 (17.58) 0.083 (2.11) 0.857 (21.77) 0.103 (2.62) 1.059 (26.90) 0.127 (3.23) 1.161 (29.49) 0.139 (3.53)
20 0.615 (15.62) 0.074 (1.88) 0.769 (19.53) 0.092 (2.34) 0.952 (24.18) 0.114 (2.90) 1.176 (29.87) 0.141 (3.58) 1.290 (32.77) 0.155 (3.94)
22 0.677 (16.94) 0.081 (2.06) 0.846 (21.49) 0.102 (2.59) 1.048 (26.62) 0.126 (3.20) 1.294 (32.87) 0.155 (3.94) 1.419 (36.04) 0.170 (4.32)
24 0.738 (18.75) 0.089 (2.26) 0.923 (23.44) 0.111 (2.82) 1.143 (29.03) 0.137 (3.48) 1.412 (35.86) 0.169 (4.29) 1.548 (39.32) 0.186 (4.72)
Nomi-

nal
Pipe
Size,
IPS,
in.

DR 13.5 DR 11 DR 9.3 DR 9 DR 7
Minimum Tolerance Minimum Tolerance Minimum Tolerance Minimum Tolerance Minimum Tolerance
in. (mm) in. (mm) in. (mm) in. (mm) in. (mm) in. (mm) in. (mm) in. (mm) in. (mm) in. (mm)

1⁄2 0.062 (1.57) 0.020 (0.51) 0.076 (1.93) 0.020 (0.51) 0.090 (2.29) 0.020 (0.51) 0.093 (2.36) 0.020 (0.51) 0.120 (3.05) 0.020 (0.51)
3⁄4 0.078 (1.98) 0.020 (0.51) 0.095 (2.41) 0.020 (0.51) 0.113 (2.87) 0.020 (0.51) 0.117 (2.97) 0.020 (0.51) 0.150 (3.81) 0.020 (0.51)
1 0.097 (2.46) 0.020 (0.51) 0.120 (3.05) 0.020 (0.51) 0.141 (3.58) 0.020 (0.51) 0.146 (3.71) 0.020 (0.51) 0.188 (4.78) 0.023 (0.58)
11⁄4 0.123 (3.12) 0.020 (0.51) 0.151 (3.84) 0.020 (0.51) 0.178 (4.52) 0.021 (0.53) 0.184 (4.67) 0.022 (0.56) 0.237 (6.02) 0.028 (0.71)
11⁄2 0.141 (3.58) 0.020 (0.51) 0.173 (4.39) 0.021 (0.53) 0.204 (5.18) 0.024 (0.61) 0.211 (5.36) 0.025 (0.64) 0.271 (6.88) 0.033 (0.84)
2 0.176 (4.47) 0.021 (0.53) 0.216 (5.49) 0.026 (0.66) 0.255 (6.48) 0.031 (0.79) 0.264 (6.71) 0.032 (0.81) 0.339 (8.61) 0.041 (1.04)
3 0.259 (6.58) 0.031 (0.79) 0.318 (8.08) 0.038 (0.97) 0.376 (9.55) 0.045 (1.14) 0.389 (9.88) 0.047 (1.19) 0.500 (12.70) 0.060 (1.52)
4 0.333 (8.46) 0.040 (1.02) 0.409 (10.39) 0.049 (1.24) 0.484 (12.29) 0.058 (1.47) 0.500 (12.70) 0.060 (1.52) 0.643 (16.33) 0.077 (1.96)
5 0.412 (10.46) 0.049 (1.24) 0.506 (12.85) 0.061 (1.55) 0.598 (15.19) 0.072 (1.83) 0.618 (15.70) 0.074 (1.88) 0.795 (20.19) 0.095 (2.41)
6 0.491 (12.47) 0.059 (1.50) 0.602 (15.29) 0.072 (1.83) 0.712 (18.08) 0.085 (2.16) 0.736 (18.69) 0.088 (2.24) 0.946 (24.03) 0.114 (2.90)
8 0.639 (16.23) 0.077 (1.96) 0.784 (19.91) 0.094 (2.39) 0.927 (23.55) 0.111 (2.82) 0.958 (24.33) 0.115 (2.92) 1.232 (31.29) 0.147 (3.73)

10 0.796 (20.22) 0.096 (2.44) 0.977 (24.82) 0.117 (2.97) 1.156 (29.36) 0.139 (3.53) 1.194 (30.33) 0.143 (3.63) 1.536 (39.01) 0.184 (4.67)
12 0.944 (23.98) 0.113 (2.87) 1.159 (29.44) 0.139 (3.53) 1.371 (34.82) 0.165 (4.19) 1.417 (35.99) 0.170 (4.32) 1.821 (46.25) 0.219 (5.56)
14 1.037 (26.34) 0.124 (3.15) 1.273 (32.33) 0.153 (3.89) 1.505 (38.23) 0.181 (4.60) 1.556 (39.52) 0.187 (4.75) 2.000 (50.80) 0.240 (6.10)
16 1.185 (30.10) 0.142 (3.61) 1.455 (36.96) 0.175 (4.45) 1.720 (43.69) 0.206 (5.23) 1.778 (45.16) 0.213 (5.41) 2.286 (58.06) 0.274 (6.96)
18 1.333 (33.86) 0.160 (4.06) 1.636 (41.55) 0.196 (4.98) 1.935 (49.15) 0.232 (5.89) 2.000 (50.80) 0.240 (6.10) 2.571 (65.30) 0.309 (7.85)
20 1.481 (37.62) 0.178 (4.52) 1.818 (46.18) 0.218 (5.54) 2.151 (54.64) 0.258 (6.55) 2.222 (56.44) 0.267 (6.78) 2.857 (72.57) 0.343 (8.71)
22 1.630 (41.40) 0.196 (4.98) 2.000 (50.80) 0.240 (6.10) 2.366 (60.10) 0.284 (7.21) 2.444 (62.08) 0.293 (7.44) 3.143 (79.83) 0.377 (9.58)
24 1.778 (45.16) 0.213 (5.41) 2.182 (55.42) 0.262 (6.65) 2.581 (65.56) 0.310 (7.87) 2.667 (67.74) 0.320 (8.13) 3.429 (87.10) 0.411 (10.44)
A The minimum is the lowest wall thickness of the pipe allowable at any cross section. The maximum permitted wall thickness, at any cross section, is the minimum wall
thickness plus the stated tolerance. All tolerances are on the plus side of the minimum requirement.

D3035 − 12´1

3Copyright ASTM International
Provided by IHS under license with ASTM Licensee=Repsol YPF/5982486001

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5.2 Potable Water Requirement—When required by the
regulatory authority having jurisdiction, products intended for
contact with potable water shall be evaluated, tested, and
certified for conformance with NSF/ANSI Standard No. 61 or
the health effects portion of NSF/ANSI Standard No. 14 by an
acceptable certifying organization.

5.3 Rework Material—Clean, rework material from the
manufacturer’s own pipe production that met 5.1 through 5.2
as new compound is suitable for use when blended with new
compound of the same material designation. Pipe containing
the rework material shall meet the requirements of this
specification.

6. Requirements

6.1 Workmanship—The pipe shall be homogeneous
throughout and free from visible cracks, holes, foreign
inclusions, or other defects. The pipe shall be as uniform as
commercially practicable in color, opacity, density, and other
physical properties.

6.2 Dimensions and Tolerances:
6.2.1 Outside Diameters—The outside diameters and toler-

ances shall be as shown in Table 2 when measured in
accordance with Test Method D2122. For diameters not shown
in Table 2, the tolerances shall be the same percentage of the
outside diameter as those for the closest listed diameter.

6.2.2 Wall Thicknesses—The wall thicknesses and toler-
ances shall be as shown in Table 3 when measured in
accordance with Test Method D2122. For wall thicknesses
(DRs) not shown in Table 3, the tolerances shall be the same
percentage of the calculated minimum wall as for the closest
listed minimum wall thickness.

6.2.3 Wall Thickness Range—The wall thickness range shall
be within 12 % when measured in accordance with Test
Method D2122.

6.3 Short-term Properties—Specimens of pipe shall be
tested in accordance with either Test Method D1599 or Test
Method D2290. The test method used, Test Method D1599 or
Test Method D2290, is determined by the pipe size and the
availability of appropriate test equipment. Test Method D1599
is generally used for 4 in. (114 mm) and smaller sizes and Test
Method D2290 for 2 in. (60 mm) and larger sizes. Short-term
hoop stress and failure mode data is provided by either test.

6.3.1 Burst Pressure—The minimum burst pressure for PE
plastic pipe shall be as given in Table 4, when determined in
accordance with Test Method D1599 and 7.6. The failure mode
shall be ductile.

6.3.2 Apparent Ring Tensile Strength—The minimum appar-
ent ring tensile strength at yield shall be 1250 psi (8.62 MPa)
for PE 1404, 2520 psi (17.37 MPa) for Table 1 density cell 2
polyethelylene pipe materials, and 2900 psi (20.00 MPa) for
Table 1 density cell 3 and 4 polyethylene pipe materials when
tested in accordance with Test Method D2290, Procedure B
and 7.7. The failure shall be ductile.

6.4 Sustained Pressure at Ambient and Elevated Tempera-
ture for PE1404—PE1404 pipes shall be tested in accordance
with 7.4 at the stresses and temperatures specified in Table 6.
Tests may be conducted on any pipe size, but tests conducted

TABLE 4 Burst Pressure Requirements for Water at 73°F (23°C) for DR-PR PE Plastic Pipe

Dimension
Ratio

Min Burst Pressure,A psi (MPa)

PE 3608,
PE 4608,
PE 4710

PE 2708 PE 1404

psi (MPa) psi (MPa) psi (MPa)

7 967 (6.67) 840 (5.79) 417 (2.87)
9 725 (5.00) 630 (4.34) 313 (2.16)
9.3 699 (4.82) 607 (4.19) 301 (2.08)

11 580 (4.00) 504 (3.47) 250 (1.72)
13.5 464 (3.20) 403 (2.78) 200 (1.38)
15.5 400 (2.76) 348 (2.40) 172 (1.19)
17 363 (2.50) 315 (2.13) 156 (1.08)
21 290 (2.00) 252 (1.74) 125 (0.86)
26 232 (1.60) 202 (1.39) 100 (0.69)
32.5 184 (1.27) 160 (1.10) 79 (0.55)

A The fiber stresses used to derive these test pressures are as follows:

psi (MPa)

PE 3608, PE 4608, PE 4710 2900 (20.00)

PE 2708 2520 (17.37)

PE 1404 1250 (8.62)

TABLE 5 Apparent Tensile Strength at Yield of Ring Specimens
Cut from Pipe

Material psi (MPa)

PE 2708 2520 (17.37)

PE 3608,
PE 4608,
PE 4710

2900 (20.00)

PE 1404 1250 (8.62)

D3035 − 12´1

4Copyright ASTM International
Provided by IHS under license with ASTM Licensee=Repsol YPF/5982486001

Not for Resale, 08/24/2013 00:51:30 MDTNo reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

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Page 5

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on 6 in. (168 mm) nominal size pipe shall be considered
representative of all pipe sizes. At 176°F (80°C) pipes shall be
tested at either stress. If ductile failures occur at the higher
stress at 176°F (80°C), testing shall be repeated at the lower
stress. Acceptable results are non-failure at the minimum
average test time, or brittle failure at times exceeding the
minimum average test time.

6.5 Elevated Temperature Sustained Pressure for Pipes
Other Than PE1404—Elevated temperature sustained pressure
tests for each Table 1 polyethylene pipe material (material
designation) used in production at the facility shall be con-
ducted twice annually per 7.5.

NOTE 1—Elevated temperature sustained pressure tests are intended to
verify extrusion processing and are conducted in accordance with the
manufacture’s quality program.

6.5.1 Passing results are (1) non-failure for all three
specimens at a time equal to or greater than the Table 7
“minimum average time before failure” for the selected Table
7 Condition, or (2) not more than one ductile specimen failure
and the average time before failure for all three specimens shall
be greater than the specified “minimum average time before
failure” for the selected Table 7 Condition. If more than one
ductile failure occurs before the “minimum average time
before failure”, it is permissible to conduct one retest at a Table
7 Condition of lower stress and longer minimum average time
before failure for the material designation except that for Table
7 Condition 6 no retest is permissible. Brittle failure of any
specimen in the test sample when tested at Table 7 Condition
1 through 6 constitutes failure to meet this requirement and no
retest is allowed.

6.5.2 Provision for retest (if needed)—The retest sample
shall be three specimens of the same pipe or tubing size and
material designation from the same time frame as the test
sample per 7.5. For the retest, any specimen failure before the
Table 7 “minimum average time before failure” at the retest
condition of lower stress and longer minimum average time
before failure constitutes failure to meet this requirement.

7. Test Methods

7.1 Conditioning—Condition the test specimens for not less
than 40 h prior to test in accordance with Procedure A of
Practice D618, for those tests where conditioning is required.

7.2 Test Conditions—Conduct tests in the standard labora-
tory atmosphere of 73 6 3.6°F (23 6 2°C), unless otherwise
specified in the test methods or in this specification.

7.3 Sampling—The selection of the sample or samples of
pipe shall be as agreed upon by the purchaser and the seller. In
case of no prior agreement, random samples as selected by the
testing laboratory shall be deemed adequate.

7.4 Sustained Pressure Test at Ambient and Elevated
Temperature—Select three specimens of pipe at random and
test each specimen individually with water at controlled
temperatures under the stresses given in Table 6. Each speci-
men shall be at least ten times the nominal diameter in length,
but not less than 10 in. (250 mm) or more than 3 ft (1000 mm)
between end closures and containing the permanent marking
on the pipe. Condition the specimens for at least 2 h at test
temperature 6 3.6°F (2°C) prior to test. Test for the minimum
failure time specified in Table 6 in accordance with Test
Method D1598, at the stress and temperature values given in
Table 6. Maintain the specimens at the test pressures 610 psi
(670 kPa) and the test temperatures 6 3.6°F (6 2°C). Failure
of one of the three specimens tested is cause for retest of three
additional specimens. Failure of one of three specimens tested
in retest constitutes failure in the test. Test and retest specimens
shall be from the same production lot. Failure of the pipe test
specimen shall be as defined in Test Method D1598. When
testing at 176 6 3.6°F (80 6 2°C) at the higher stress, if ductile
failure occurs before the minimum time, rerunning the test at
the lower stress condition is not considered a retest.

7.5 Elevated Temperature Sustained Pressure Test—The
“test sample” shall be three specimens of a generally represen-
tative pipe or tubing size produced at the manufacturer’s
facility using the Table 1 polyethylene pipe material (material
designation). Select one Table 7 Condition for the Table 1
polyethylene pipe material (material designation) and test the
three specimen test sample in accordance with Test Method
D1598 using water as the internal test medium.

7.6 Hydrostatic Burst Pressure—The test equipment,
procedures, and failure definitions shall be as specified in Test
Method D1599.

TABLE 6 Stress and Time Requirements for Sustained Pressure TestA

Pipe
Material

Minimum Hours
Before Failure at

73°F (23°C)

Minimum Average Hours
to Failure at 176°F (80°C)

S = 800 psi
(5.5 MPa)

S = 670 psi
(4.6 MPa)

S = 580 psi
(4 MPa)

S = 435 psi
(3 MPa)

PE 1404 1000 80 150
A Calculate internal pressure in accordance with the following formula:

P 5
2S

Do
t

2 1

where:

P = pressure, psig (MPa),
S = hoop stress, psi (MPa),
Do = average outside diameter, in. (mm), and
t = minimum wall thickness, in. (mm).

D3035 − 12´1

5Copyright ASTM International
Provided by IHS under license with ASTM Licensee=Repsol YPF/5982486001

Not for Resale, 08/24/2013 00:51:30 MDTNo reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

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Page 6

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7.7 Apparent Ring Tensile Strength at Yield—The method
and test equipment shall be as specified in Test Method D2290,
Procedure B. Test a minimum of five specimens.

8. Retest and Rejection

8.1 Except as specified in 6.4, 6.5, 6.5.1 and 6.5.2, if the
results of any test(s) do not meet the requirements of this
specification, the test(s) may be conducted again in accordance
with an agreement between the purchaser and the seller. There
shall be no agreement to lower the minimum requirement of
the specification by such means as omitting tests that are a part
of the specification, substituting or modifying a test method, or
by changing the specification limits. In retesting, the product
requirements of this specification shall be met, and the test
methods designated in the specification shall be followed. If,
upon retest, failure occurs, the quantity of product represented
by the test(s) does not meet the requirements of this specifi-
cation.

9. Marking

9.1 Marking on the pipe shall include the following, spaced
at intervals of not more than 5 ft (1.5 m):

9.1.1 Nominal pipe size (for example, 2 in. IPS),
9.1.2 Type of plastic pipe material in accordance with the

materials designation code given in per 5.1 (for example, PE
3608),

9.1.3 Thermoplastic pipe dimension ratio in accordance
with 4.2 (for example, DR 11),

9.1.4 The pressure rating in pounds-force per square inch
for water at 73°F (23°C) shown as the number followed by psi
(kPa), for example, 100 psi or 690 kPa,

9.1.5 “ASTM D3035,”
9.1.6 Manufacturer’s name (or trademark) and code, and
9.1.7 Pipe intended for transporting potable water shall also

include the seal of an accredited laboratory.

NOTE 2—Earlier editions of Specification D3035 included PE materials
designations PE 2406, PE 3406, and PE 3408. Changes to Specification
D3350 and PPI TR-3 led to changes in thermoplastic materials designation
codes, resulting in materials designation PE 2406 being superseded by
materials designations PE 2606 and PE 2708, materials designation
PE 3406 being superseded by PE 3606 and materials designation PE 3408
being superseded by materials designations PE 3608, PE 3708, PE 3710,
PE 4608, PE 4708, and PE 4710. Recognizing that a period of time is
necessary for the dissemination of information and to update specifica-
tions and literature, during the transitional period, product markings that
include both older and newer materials designations, for example
PE 2406/PE 2606, may occur.

NOTE 3—Manufacturers using the seal of approval of an accredited
laboratory must obtain prior authorization from the laboratory concerned.

9.2 Using Color— When color is applied, such as with
stripes, a color shell layer or a solid color; blue shall identify
potable water; green shall identify sewer; and purple (violet,
lavender) shall identify reclaimed water. Yellow identities gas
and shall not be used.

9.3 marking that identify gas, communications or electrical
use are prohibited.

10. Quality Assurance

10.1 When the product is marked with this designation,
D3035, the manufacturer affirms that the product was
manufactured, inspected, sampled, and tested in accordance
with this specification and has been found to meet the
requirements of this specification.

TABLE 7 Elevated Temperature Sustained Pressure Test Requirements

PE2708, PE3608, PE4608 PE4710
Condition Test Temperature

°F (°C)A
Test Pressure Hoop

StressB
psi (kPa)A

Minimum Average Time
Before Failure

Hours

Test Pressure Hoop
StressB

psi (kPa)A

Minimum Average Time
Before Failure

Hours
1 176 (80) 670 (4620) 170 750 (5170) 200
2 176 (80) 650 (4480) 340 730 (5020) 400
3 176 (80) 630 (4345) 510 705 (4870) 600
4 176 (80) 610 (4210) 680 685 (4715) 800
5 176 (80) 590 (4070) 850 660 (4565) 1000
6 176 (80) 580 (4000) 1000 640 (4415) 1200

ATest temperature tolerance ± 3.6ºF (+/- 2ºC). Test pressure tolerance ± 5 psi (±35 kPa); test pressure hoop stress values are rounded to the nearest 5 psi or 5 kPa.
Note: Table 2 conditions are based on PE validation requirements per PPI TR-3 with Condition 6 being 85% of Condition 1 test pressure hoop stress and six times greater

minimum average time before failure. Conditions 2 through 5 are linear stress and time interpolations between Conditions 1 and 6. The intent of multiple conditions is to
maintain equivalent performance criteria, but provide for retest in the event of ductile failure. The test pressure hoop stress levels for Conditions 2-5 are linear interpolations
for arbitrarily chosen time increments. An equivalent performance requirement, however, may be determined by arbitrarily choosing a test pressure hoop stress between
Conditions 1 and 6 and linearly interpolating the minimum average time before failure. For example for PE3710 and PE4710 material, at 670 psi test pressure hoop stress,
the minimum average time before failure would be 927 hours (200 + (750 – 670) · ((1200 – 200) / (750 – 640)) = 927).
BCalculate internal test pressure in accordance with:

P 5
2s

S Dot 2 1D
where:

P = test pressure, psig (kPa)
S = test pressure hoop stress, psi. (kPa)
Do = measured outside diameter, in. (mm)
t = measured minimum wall thickness, in (mm)

D3035 − 12´1

6Copyright ASTM International
Provided by IHS under license with ASTM Licensee=Repsol YPF/5982486001

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--``,,``,,,,`,`,`,,,,`,,,,`,,,,,-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Page 7

/graphics/astm/astm_25


APPENDIX

(Nonmandatory Information)

X1. PIPE PRESSURE RATINGS

X1.1 The pipe is rated for use with water at 73°F (23°C) at

the maximum internal pressures shown in Table X1.1. Lower
pressure ratings than those calculated in accordance with 3.2.1
may be recommended by the pipe manufacturer where unusu-
ally high pressure surges, elevated temperatures, or unusual
installation conditions exist. Pressure ratings at 73°F (23°C)
are generally suitable for use at service temperatures not
exceeding 80°F (27°C). Pressure ratings are reduced at tem-
peratures above 80°F (27°C), and materials having an elevated
temperature HDB should be used when service at temperatures
above 80°F (27°C) is anticipated. Consult the pipe manufac-
turer for information about elevated temperature service and

pressure ratings. Industry experience indicates that satisfactory

long-term service can be provided by PE plastic pipe meeting
this specification that is properly installed and operated within
the identified pressure and temperature ratings. The sustained
pressure requirements (see 6.4) are related to these ratings
through the slopes of the strength-time plots of these materials
in pipe form.

X1.2 The hydrostatic design stress recommended by the
Plastics Pipe Institute are based on tests made on pipe ranging
in size from 1⁄2 to 3 in. (12.7 to 50.8 mm).

TABLE X1.1 Thermoplastic Pipe Dimension Ratios (DR) and Water Pressure Ratings (PR) at 73°F (23°C) for DR-PR PE Plastic Pipe

Dimension
Ratio

PE Pipe MaterialsA

PE4710
PE 2708, PE 3608,

PE 4608
PE 1404

Pressure Rating, psi (MPa) Pressure Rating, psi (MPa) Pressure Rating, psi (MPa)

7 333 (2.3) 267 (1.84) 133 (0.92)
9 250 (1.7) 200 (1.38) 100 (0.69)
9.3 241 (1.7) 193 (1.33) 96 (0.66)

11 200 (1.4) 160 (1.10) 80 (0.55)
13.5 160 (1.1) 128 (0.88) 64 (0.44)
15.5 138 (1.0) 110 (0.76) 55 (0.38)
17 125 (0.9) 100 (0.69) 50 (0.34)
21 100 (0.7) 80 (0.55) 40 (0.28)
26 80 (0.6) 64 (0.44) 32 (0.22)
32.5 63 (0.4) 51 (0.35) 25 (0.17)

A Hydrostatic Design Stress values obtained from PPI TR4. Other design factors may be appropriate under certain conditions.

D3035 − 12´1

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