Download AP-Physics-Critical-Thinking-Worksheets.pdf PDF

TitleAP-Physics-Critical-Thinking-Worksheets.pdf
TagsRotation Around A Fixed Axis Orbit Collision Mass
File Size887.0 KB
Total Pages64
Table of Contents
                            Chapter 1 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 1 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 2 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 2 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 3 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 3 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 4 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 4 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 5 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 5 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 6 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 6 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 7 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 7 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 8 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 8 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 9 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 9 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 10 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 10 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 11 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 11 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 12 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 12 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 13 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 13 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 14 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 14 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 15 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 15 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 16 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 16 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 17 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 17 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 18 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 18 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 19 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 19 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 20 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 20 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 21 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 21 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 22 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 22 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 23 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 23 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 24 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 24 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 25 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 25 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 26 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 26 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 27 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 27 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 28 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 28 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 29 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 29 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Chapter 30 Resources
		Mini Lab Worksheet
		Physics Lab Worksheet
		Chapter 30 Study Guide
		Reinforcement
		Enrichment
		Teaching Transparency Masters and Worksheets
	Laboratory Manual
		To the Student
		First Aid in the Laboratory
		Safety in the Laboratory
		Safety Symbols
		Physics Reference
			Common Physical Constants
			Conversion Factors
			Color Response of Eye to Various Wavelengths of Light
			Prefixes Used with SI Units
			Properties of Common Substances
		Rules for Using Meters
		Preparing Lab Reports
		1-1 How does mass depend on volume?
		2-1 Where will the vehicle be?
		3-1 How does a ball roll?
		4-1 What are the forces in a train?
		5-1 How does an object move when two forces act on it?
		5-2 How does a glider slide down a slope?
		6-1 What keeps the stopper moving in a circle?
		6-2 How fast is that other cart moving?
		7-1 Is inertial mass equal to gravitational mass?
		7-2 How can you measure mass?
		8-1 Torques
		9-1 What can set you spinning?
		10-1 How can pulleys help you lift?
		11-1 Is energy conserved?
		12-1 How much energy does it take to melt ice?
		13-1 Why does a rock feel lighter under water?
		13-2 Why do your ears hurt under water?
		14-1 What does wave reflection and refraction look like?
		14-2 What does wave diffraction and interference look like?
		15-1 What is a decibel?
		15-2 How fast does sound travel?
		16-1 How can you reduce glare?
		17-1 Where is your reflection in a mirror?
		18-1 Convex and concave lenses
		18-2 How does light bend?
		19-1 What is the wavelength?
		19-2 What is a hologram?
		20-1 How can you charge it up?
		21-1 How can large amounts of charge be stored?
		22-1 Is energy conserved in heating water?
		23-1 How do parallel resistors work?
		24-1 How can a current produce a strong magnetic field?
		25-1 What causes the swinging?
		26-1 What’s the mass of an electron?
		27-1 What is the relationship between color and voltage drop in LED?
		28-1 What can you learn from an emission spectrum?
		28-2 How can you measure the number of electron energy transitions?
		29-1 How can my computer make decisions?
		30-1 How can I protect myself from radioactivity?
		30-2 How can I find the half-life of a short-lived radioactive isotope?
	Probeware Lab Manual
		To the Student
		Organization of Activities
		Sending Data to Graphical Analysis
		CBL Equipment
		Safety in the Laboratory
		Safety Symbols
		Properties of Common Substances
		Laboratory Activities
			2-1 How fast is it going?
			3-1 How does a tossed ball move?
			3-2 How fast is it accelerating?
			4-1 Terminal Velocity
			5-1 When will an object slide?
			9-1 Is momentum conserved in a collision?
			12-1 How efficient are solar collectors?
			15-1 How fast does sound move in air?
			16-1 How does light intensity depend on distance?
			18-1 Measuring Ultraviolet Light
			22-1 Current, Resistance, and Potential Difference in Circuits
			23-1 What happens to voltage across a resistor in a series circuit?
	Forensics Lab Manual
		To the Student
		Laboratory and Safety Guidelines
		Safety Symbols
		Lab 1 It’s in the blood.
		Lab 2 Mrs. McIntosh goes ballistic.
		Lab 3 I’m not positive, but I think you’re being negative.
		Lab 4 Archimedes: The first forensic scientist?
		Lab 5 You aren’t going to slide out of this one!
		Lab 6 Resistance is futile—in time, you will see the light.
		Lab 7 How many calories are there?
		Lab 8 A Little Time to Reflect
		Lab 9 All I need is a little leverage.
		Lab 10 A Whole Spectrum of Possibilities
	Connecting Math to Physics
		Activity 1 Measurement
		Activity 2 Graphs
		Activity 3 Linear Equations and Graphs
		Activity 4 Vectors and Vector Addition
		Activity 5 Vector Addition in Two Dimensions
		Activity 6 Scientific Notation
		Activity 7 Angular Measurements
		Activity 8 Algebraic Principles
		Activity 9 Exponential Notation
		Activity 10 Area and Volume
		Activity 11 The Area Under a Line
		Activity 12 Reducing Equations
		Activity 13 Direct and Inverse Relationships
		Activity 14 Adding and Subtracting Fractions
		Activity 15 Order of Operations
		Activity 16 Graphing the Sine and Cosine Curves
		Activity 17 Percentages
		Activity 18 Inequalities
		Activity 19 Ratio and Proportion
		Activity 20 The Mass of an Atom
		Activity 21 Exponential Equations and Graphs
	Supplemental Problems
		Chapter 1: A Physics Toolkit
		Chapter 2: Representing Motion
		Chapter 3: Accelerated Motion
		Chapter 4: Forces in One Dimension
		Chapter 5: Forces in Two Dimensions
		Chapter 6: Motion in Two Dimensions
		Chapter 7: Gravitation
		Chapter 8: Rotational Motion
		Chapter 9: Momentum and Its Conservation
		Chapter 10: Energy, Work, and Simple Machines
		Chapter 11: Energy and Its Conservation
		Chapter 12: Thermal Energy
		Chapter 13: States of Matter
		Chapter 14: Vibrations and Waves
		Chapter 15: Sound
		Chapter 16: Fundamentals of Light
		Chapter 17: Reflection and Mirrors
		Chapter 18: Refraction and Lenses
		Chapter 19: Interference and Diffraction
		Chapter 20: Static Electricity
		Chapter 21: Electric Fields
		Chapter 22: Current Electricity
		Chapter 23: Series and Parallel Circuits
		Chapter 24: Magnetic Fields
		Chapter 25: Electromagnetic Induction
		Chapter 26: Electromagnetism
		Chapter 27: Quantum Theory
		Chapter 28: The Atom
		Chapter 29: Solid-State Electronics
		Chapter 30: Nuclear Physics
	Additional Challenge Problems
		Chapter 1: A Physics Toolkit
		Chapter 2: Representing Motion
		Chapter 3: Accelerated Motion
		Chapter 4: Forces in One Dimension
		Chapter 5: Forces in Two Dimensions
		Chapter 6: Motion in Two Dimensions
		Chapter 7: Gravitation
		Chapter 8: Rotational Motion
		Chapter 9: Momentum and Its Conservation
		Chapter 10: Energy, Work, and Simple Machines
		Chapter 11: Energy and Its Conservation
		Chapter 12: Thermal Energy
		Chapter 13: States of Matter
		Chapter 14: Vibrations and Waves
		Chapter 15: Sound
		Chapter 16: Fundamentals of Light
		Chapter 17: Reflection and Mirrors
		Chapter 18: Refraction and Lenses
		Chapter 19: Interference and Diffraction
		Chapter 20: Static Electricity
		Chapter 21: Electric Fields
		Chapter 22: Current Electricity
		Chapter 23: Series and Parallel Circuits
		Chapter 24: Magnetic Fields
		Chapter 25: Electromagnetic Induction
		Chapter 26: Electromagnetism
		Chapter 27: Quantum Theory
		Chapter 28: The Atom
		Chapter 29: Solid-State Electronics
		Chapter 30: Nuclear Physics
	Pre-AP/Critical Thinking Problems
		Chapter 1
		Chapter 2
		Chapter 3
		Chapter 4
		Chapter 5
		Chapter 6
		Chapter 7
		Chapter 8
		Chapter 9
		Chapter 10
		Chapter 11
		Chapter 12
		Chapter 13
		Chapter 14
		Chapter 15
		Chapter 16
		Chapter 17
		Chapter 18
		Chapter 19
		Chapter 20
		Chapter 21
		Chapter 22
		Chapter 23
		Chapter 24
		Chapter 25
		Chapter 26
		Chapter 27
		Chapter 28
		Chapter 29
		Chapter 30
	Physics Test Prep: Studying for the EOC Exam
		Chapter 1
		Chapter 2
		Chapter 3
		Chapter 4
		Chapter 5
		Chapter 6
		Chapter 7
		Chapter 8
		Chapter 9
		Chapter 10
		Chapter 11
		Chapter 12
		Chapter 13
		Chapter 14
		Chapter 15
		Chapter 16
		Chapter 17
		Chapter 18
		Chapter 19
		Chapter 20
		Chapter 21
		Chapter 22
		Chapter 23
		Chapter 24
		Chapter 25
		Chapter 26
		Chapter 27
		Chapter 28
		Chapter 29
		Chapter 30
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

Pre-AP/Critical Thinking Problems

Page 2

A Glencoe Program

Student Edition

Teacher Wraparound Edition

Teacher Chapter Resources
Mini Lab Worksheets
Physics Lab Worksheets
Study Guide
Section Quizzes
Reinforcement
Enrichment
Transparency Masters
Transparency Worksheets
Chapter Assessment

Teacher Classroom Resources
Teaching Transparencies
Laboratory Manual, Student Edition
Laboratory Manual, Teacher Edition
Probeware Laboratory Manual, Student

Edition
Probeware Laboratory Manual, Teacher

Edition
Forensics Laboratory Manual, Student

Edition

Forensics Laboratory Manual, Teacher
Edition

Supplemental Problems
Additional Challenge Problems
Pre-AP/Critical Thinking Problems
Physics Test Prep: Studying for the

End-of-Course Exam, Student Edition
Physics Test Prep: Studying for the

End-of-Course Exam, Teacher Edition
Connecting Math to Physics
Solutions Manual

Technology
Answer Key Maker
ExamView® Pro
Interactive Chalkboard
McGraw-Hill Learning Network
StudentWorks™ CD-ROM
TeacherWorks™ CD-ROM
physicspp.com Web site

Copyright © by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Permission is granted
to reproduce the material contained herein on the condition that such material be repro-
duced only for classroom use; be provided to students, teachers, and families without
charge; and be used solely in conjunction with the Physics: Principles and Problems
program. Any other reproduction, for use or sale, is prohibited without prior written permission
of the publisher.

Send all inquiries to:
Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
8787 Orion Place
Columbus, Ohio 43240

ISBN 0-07-865895-0

Printed in the United States of America

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 045 09 08 07 06 05 04

Page 32

4. A 150-g object subject to a restoring force F � �kx is undergoing simple harmonic motion. Shown
below is a plot of the potential energy, PE, of the object as a function of distance, x, from its
equilibrium position. The object has a total mechanical energy of 0.3 J.

a. What is the farthest the object moves along the x-axis in the positive direction? Explain your
reasoning.

b. What is the object’s potential energy when its displacement is 4.0 cm from its equilibrium
position?

c. Determine the object’s kinetic energy when its position is x � �8.0 cm.

d. What is the object’s speed at x � 0.0 cm?

P
o

te
n

ti
a

l
e

n
e

rg
y

(J
)

Position (cm)

0.0

Potential Energy v. Position

�12.0 �4.0�8.0 0.0 8.04.0 12.0

0.3

0.1

0.2

0.6

0.4

0.5

continuedPre-AP/Critical Thinking14
Name

28 Pre-AP/Critical Thinking Physics: Principles and Problems

C
o

p
yrigh

t © G
len

co
e/M

cG
raw

-H
ill, a d

ivisio
n

o
f T

h
e M

cG
raw

-H
ill C

o
m

p
an

ies, In
c.

Page 33

Sound
1. Seismic waves, produced by earthquakes, move through or over the surface of the Earth. The four

types of seismic waves are shown in the illustration below.

The strong, back-and-forth shaking of powerful earthquakes commonly is preceded by a low
rumbling noise. This noise occurs when certain seismic waves are transmitted from the rock into
the air. Which seismic waves are most likely to cause the rumbling noise?

a. P waves c. Love waves

b. S waves d. Rayleigh waves

2. Dolphins use a method called echolocation to detect things such as obstacles and prey in the water.
If a dolphin swimming in seawater at 25°C sends a 220-dB click with a frequency of 120.0 Hz, and
then detects the reflection of the click exactly one-twentieth of a second later, approximately how
far away is the object?

a. 6.00 m c. 76.65 m

b. 38.32 m d. 240.0 m

P wave

S wave

Love wave

Rayleigh wave

Dilations

Wave direction

Wavelength

Wave direction

Compressions

Date Period Name

Physics: Principles and Problems Pre-AP/Critical Thinking 29

15 Pre-AP/Critical Thinking
CHAPTER

C
o

p
yr

ig
h

t
©

G
le

n
co

e/
M

cG
ra

w
-H

il
l,

a
d

iv
is

io
n

o
f

T
h

e
M

cG
ra

w
-H

il
l

C
o

m
p

an
ie

s,
I

n
c.

Page 63

The Nucleus
1. The strong nuclear force overcomes

a. the repulsive electromagnetic force between two atomic nuclei.

b. the repulsive electromagnetic force between protons in a nucleus.

c. the attractive electromagnetic force between a nucleus and the electrons that surround it.

d. the attractive electromagnetic force between a nucleus and the electrons surrounding
another atom.

2. The energy released during nuclear fission is equal to the

a. strong nuclear force between the two fission products.

b. repulsive electric force between the splitting protons.

c. energy equivalent of the mass lost in the reaction.

d. binding energy in the fission products.

3. An atom emits an electron from the nucleus when

a. a high-energy photon is emitted.

b. a proton is formed from a neutron.

c. there is enough energy to cross the forbidden gap between energy bands.

d. the frequency of incident radiation exceeds the threshold frequency of the atom.

4. When two quarks are forced apart, the force that is carried by gluons behaves most similarly
to a(n)

a. dipole magnetic force.

b. gravitational force.

c. electric force.

d. spring force.

5. Plutonium-236 (23694Pu) has a half-life of 2.85 years due to alpha decay. This means that, after
8.55 years, 100 g of plutonium-236

a. will have decayed to 12.5 g by emitting helium atoms.

b. will have decayed to 12.5 g by emitting helium nuclei.

c. will have decayed to 12.5 g by transforming neutrons into protons.

d. will still be 100 g of plutonium-236 because it emitted photons only.

Date Period Name

Physics: Principles and Problems Pre-AP/Critical Thinking 59

30 Pre-AP/Critical Thinking
CHAPTER

C
o

p
yr

ig
h

t
©

G
le

n
co

e/
M

cG
ra

w
-H

il
l,

a
d

iv
is

io
n

o
f

T
h

e
M

cG
ra

w
-H

il
l

C
o

m
p

an
ie

s,
I

n
c.

Page 64

6. When Rutherford scattered � particles off the thin gold foil, he discovered that the atomic radius
was over 18,000 times the size of its nucleus. The radius, r, of a nucleus is roughly equal to a

constant, R0, multiplied by its mass number to the �
1
3

� power, A�
1
3�, where r0 � 1.2�10

�15 m.

Assuming a nucleus is spherical, what is the volume as a function of mass number?

7. The number of nuclei remaining in a sample of a radioactive isotope after time t is given by
the equation, N � N0e

��t. In this equation, N represents the number of nuclei remaining,
N0 represents the original number of nuclei present in the sample, e has the value 2.718, � is
the activity constant, and t is the time that has passed.

a. If � and t are positive values, describe what happens to the magnitude of N as time passes.

b. Show that, if t � , N � N0.

c. The activity constant of radon-219 (Rn85
218) is 0.177 s�1. (You can interpret the constant as

meaning 17.7% of the remaining nuclei in a sample of radon-219 will decay in 1 s.) What is
the half-life of Rn85

218?

1

2

0.693




continuedPre-AP/Critical Thinking30
Name

60 Pre-AP/Critical Thinking Physics: Principles and Problems

C
o

p
yrigh

t © G
len

co
e/M

cG
raw

-H
ill, a d

ivisio
n

o
f T

h
e M

cG
raw

-H
ill C

o
m

p
an

ies, In
c.

Similer Documents