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Mandaue City




The following balance sheet is submitted to you for inspection and review.

Close to You Corporation
Balance Sheet

December 31, 2006
Cash P 180,200
Accounts receivable 450,000
Inventories 816,000
Prepaid insurance 35,200
Property, plant, and equipment 1,507,200
Total assets P2,988,600

Liabilities and Owners’ Equity
Miscellaneous liabilities P 14,400
Loan payable 304,800
Accounts payable 301,000
Capital stock 536,000
Paid-in capital 1,832,400
Total liabilities and owners’ equity P2,988,600

In the course of your audit, you find the following data:

(a) The possibility of uncollectible accounts on accounts receivable has not been
considered. It is estimated that uncollectible accounts will total P19,200.

(b) The amount of P180,000 representing the cost of large-scale news paper advertising
campaign completed in 2006 has been added to the inventory because it is believe
that this campaign will benefit sales of 2007. It is also found that inventories include
merchandise of P65,000 received on December 31 and has not been recorded as a

(c) The books show that property, plant and equipment have a cost of P2,227,200 with
accumulated depreciation of P720,000. However, these balances include fully
depreciated equipment of P340,000 that has been scrapped and is no longer on

(d) Miscellaneous liabilities of P14,400 represent salaries payable of P38,000, less non
current advances of P23,600 made to company officials.

(e) Loan payable represents a loan from the bank that is payable in regular quarterly
installments of P25,000.

(f) Income tax payable not shown is estimated at P73,000.

(g) Deferred tax liability arising from temporary differences totals P178,200. This liability
was not included in the balance sheet.

(h) Capital stock consists of 25,000 shares of preferred 6% stock, par P20, and 36,000
shares of common stock, par value P1.


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(i) Capital stock have been issued for a total consideration of P1,134,400; the amount
received in excess of the par values of the stock has been reported as paid-in capital.
Net income and dividends were recorded in Paid-In Capital.


Based on the above and the result of the audit, determine the adjusted amounts of the

1. Current assets
a. P1,347,200 b. P1,217,200 c. P1,282,200 d. P1,462,200

2. Noncurrent assets
a. P1,530,800 b. P1,507,200 c. P1,190,800 d. P1,167,200

3. Total assets
a. P2,878,000 b. P2,473,000 c. P2,789,400 d. P2,813,000

4. Current liabilities
a. P512,000 b. P577,000 c. P504,000 d. P600,600

5. Noncurrent liabilities
a. P383,000 b. P204,800 c. P406,600 d. P433,000

6. Total liabilities
a. P983,600 b. P895,000 c. P716,800 d. P960,000

7. Contributed capital
a. P634,400 b. P1,134,400 c. P598,400 d. P536,000

8. Owners’ equity
a. P1,853,000 b. P2,096,200 c. P1,918,000 d. P2,368,400

9. Under PAS 1 Presentation of Financial Statements, which of the following should be
disclosed in the balance sheet?
a. A statement of compliance with PFRS
b. The measurement basis used for the revaluation of assets.
c. Information about the key assumptions used in the depreciation of assets.
d. The carrying amount of property, plant and equipment.

10. If you have no reservations concerning the fairness of the client’s financial
statements, then you should issue a (an)
a. Unqualified opinion. c. Disclaimer of opinion.
b. Qualified opinion. d. Adverse opinion.


Your audit of the Weygandt Corporation disclosed that the company owned the following
securities on December 31, 2005:

Trading securities:

Security Shares Cost Market
Crosswind Corp. 9,600 P144,000 P184,000
Fortune, Inc. 16,000 432,000 288,000
10% , P200,000 face value , Coastwise bonds

(interest payable every Jan. 1 and Jul. 1) 158,400 163,440
Total P734,400 P635,440

Available-for-sale securities:

Security Shares Cost Market
Ultimate Products 32,000 P1,376,000 P1,440,000
Finite Corp. 240,000 6,240,000 5,840,000
GUTS, Inc. 80,000 960,000 1,280,000
Total P8,576,000 P8,560,000


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silver. Early in 2005, an additional building was constructed at a cost of P225,000 to
house the additional workers needed to excavate the added silver. This building is not
expected to have any residual value.

In 2006, 2.5 million tons of silver were mined and costs of P1,100,000 were incurred at the
beginning of the year for improvements to the mine.


Based on the above and the result of your audit, determine the following: (Round off
depletion and depreciation rates to two decimal places)

21. Depletion for 2004
a. P6,300 b. P6,500 c. P7,250 d. P5,550

22. Depletion for 2005
a. P1,300,000 b. P1,820,000 c. P780,000 d. P870,000

23. Depreciation for 2005
a. P250,000 b. P490,000 c. P180,000 d. P210,000

24. Depletion for 2006
a. P1,950,000 b. P2,150,000 c. P2,425,000 d. P2,275,000

25. Depreciation for 2006
a. P525,000 b. P625,000 c. P1,225,000 d. P450,000


You gathered the following information related to the Patents account of the Lady Han
Cookie Corporation in connection with your audit of the company’s financial statements
for the year 2006.

In 2005, Lady Han developed a new machine that reduces the time required to insert the
fortunes into its fortune cookies. Because the process is considered very valuable to the
fortune cookie industry, Lady Han patented the machine. The following expenses were
incurred in developing and patenting the machine:

Research and development laboratory expenses P1,000,000
Metal used in the construction of the machine 320,000
Blueprints used to design the machine 128,000
Legal expenses to obtain patent 480,000
Wages paid for the employees’ work on the research, development, and

building of the machine (60% of the time was spent in actually building
the machine) 1,200,000

Expense of drawing required by the patent office to be submitted with the
patent application 68,000

Fees paid to the government patent office to process application 100,000

During 2006, Lady Han paid P150,000 in legal fees to successfully defend the patent
against an infringement suit by Cookie Monster Corporation.

It is the company’s policy to take full year amortization in the year of acquisition.


Based on the above and the result of your audit, determine the following:

26. Cost of patent
a. P580,000 b. P1,128,000 c. P648,000 d. P 798,000

27. Cost of machine


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a. P1,236,000 b. P1,040,000 c. P1,648,000 d. P1,168,000

28. Amount that should charged to expense when incurred in connection with the
development of the patented machine
a. P1,480,000 b. P1,608,000 c. P1,000,000 d. P 0

29. Carrying amount of patent as of December 31, 2006
a. P522,000 b. P1,015,200 c. P583,200 d. P 837,900

30. The most effective means for the auditor to determine whether a recorded intangible
asset possesses the characteristics of an asset is to
a. Analyze research and development expenditures to determine that only those

expenditures possessing future economic benefit have been capitalized.
b. Vouch the purchase by reference to underlying documentation.
c. Inquire as to the status of patent applications.
d. Evaluate the future revenue-producing capacity of the intangible asset.


Lady Choi Corporation manufactures television components and sells them with 6-month
warranty under which defective components will be replaced without charge. On
December 31, 2005, Estimated Liability for Product Warranty had a balance of P765,000.
By June 30, 2006, this balance had been reduced to P120,375 by debits for estimated net
cost of components returned that had been sold in 2005.

The company started out in 2006 expecting 8% of the peso volume of sales to be returned.
However, due to the introduction of new models during the year, this estimated percentage
of returns was increased to 10% on May 1. It is assumed that no components sold during
a given month are returned in that month. Each component is stamped with a date at time
of sale so that the warranty may be properly administered. The following table of
percentages indicates the like pattern of sales return during the 6-month period of the
warranty, starting with the month following the sale of components.

Month Following Sale
Percentage of Total
Returns Expected

First 20%
Second 30
Third 20
Fourth through sixth – 10% each month 30


Gross sales of components were as follows for the first 6 months of 2006:

Month Amount
January P5,400,000
February 4,950,000
March 6,150,000
April 4,275,000
May 3,000,000
June 2,700,000

The company’s warranty also covers the payment of freight cost on defective components
returned and on the new components sent out as replacements. This freight cost runs
approximately 10% of the sales price of the components returned. The manufacturing cost
of the components is roughly 80% of the sales price, and the salvage value of returned
components averages 15% of their sales price. Returned components on hand at
December 31, 2005, were thus valued in inventory at 15% of their original sales price.



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Based on the above and the result of your audit, answer the following:

31. The total estimated returns for the six-month period ended June 30, 2006 is
a. P2,232,000 b. P2,118,000 c. P2,647,500 d. P2,382,750

32. The warranty expense for the six-month period ended June 30, 2006 is
a. P1,985,625 b. P2,057,400 c. P1,674,000 d. P1,588,500

33. The Estimated Liability for Product Warranty as of June 30, 2006 should have a
balance of
a. P956,400 b. P713,250 c. P795,938 d. P636,750

34. The adjusting entry on June 30, 2006 will include a debit to Warranty Expense of
a. P592,875 b. P675,563 c. P740,385 d. P516,375

35. In evaluating an entity’s accounting estimates, one of an auditor’s objectives is to
determine whether the estimates are
a. Not subject to bias.
b. Based on objective assumptions.
c. Consistent with industry guidelines.
d. Reasonable in the circumstances.


On January 1, 2005, Lian Sheng Corporation issued 2,000 of its 5-year, P1,000 face
value, 11% bonds dated January 1 at an effective annual interest rate (yield) of 9%.
Interest is payable each December 31. Lian Sheng uses the effective interest method of
amortization. On December 31, 2006, the 2,000 bonds were extinguished early through
acquisition in the open market by Lian Sheng for P1,980,000 plus accrued interest.

On July 1, 2005, Lian Sheng issued 5,000 of its 6-year, P1,000 face value, 10%
convertible bonds at par. Interest is payable every June 30 and December 31. On the
date of issue, the prevailing market interest rate for similar debt without the conversion
option is 12%. On July 1, 2006, an investor in Lian Sheng’s convertible bonds tendered
1,500 bonds for conversion into 15,000 shares of Lian Sheng’s common stock, which had
a fair value of P105 and a par value of P1 at the date of conversion.


Based on the above and the result of your audit, determine the following: (Round off
present value factors to four decimal places.)

36. The carrying value of the 2,000 5-year, P1,000 face value bonds on December 31,
2005 is
a. P1,898,400 b. P2,129,500 c. P2,000,000 d. P2,121,100

37. The gain on early retirement of bonds on December 31, 2006 is
a. P20,000 b. P112,000 c. P121,200 d. P0

38. The carrying value of the 5,000 6-year, P1,000 face value bonds on December 31,
2005 is
a. P4,605,800 b. P5,000,000 c. P4,732,875 d. P4,615,400

39. The conversion of the 1,500 6-year, P1,000 face value bonds on July 1, 2006 will
increase equity by
a. P1,485,000 b. P1,374,600 c. P1,415,054 d. P1,377,697

40. During the audit of a publicly held company, the auditor could obtain written
confirmation regarding long-term bond transactions from the
a. Bond holders. c. Client's attorney.
b. Trustee. d. Internal auditors.


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Geum Young Corporation was authorized at the beginning of 2004 with 300,000
authorized shares of P100, par value common stock. At December 31, 2004, the
stockholders’ equity section of Geum Young was as follows:

Common stock, par value P100 per share; authorized
300,000 shares; issued 30,000 shares P3,000,000

Additional paid-in capital 300,000
Retained earnings 450,000
Total stockholders’ equity P3,750,000

On June 15, 2005, Geum Young issued 50,000 shares of its common stock for
P6,000,000. A 5% stock dividend was declared on September 30, 2005 and issued on
November 10, 2005 to stockholders of record on October 31, 2005. Market value of
common stock was P110 per share on declaration date. The net income of Geum Young
for the year ended December 31, 2005 was P475,000.

During 2006, Geum Young had the following transactions;

March 1 Geum Young reacquired 3,000 shares of its common stock for P95 per

May 31 Geum Young sold 1,500 shares of its treasury stock for P120 per share.

August 10 Issued to stockholders one stock right for each share held to purchase two
additional shares of common stock for P125 per share. The rights expire
on December 31, 2006.

September 15 25,000 stock rights were exercised when the market value of common
stock was P130 per share.

October 31 40,000 stock rights were exercised when the market value of the common
stock was P140 per share.

December 10 Geum Young declared a cash dividend of P2 per share payable on
January 5, 2007 to stockholders of record on December 31, 2006.

December 20 Geum Young retired 1,000 shares of its treasury stock and reverted them
to an unused basis. On this date, the market value of the common stock
was P150 per share.

December 31 Net income for 2006 was P500,000.


Based on the above and the result of your audit, determine the following as of December
31, 2006:

41. Common stock
a. P21,400,000 b. P21,300,000 c. P14,800,000 d. P21,250,000

42. Additional paid-in capital
a. P4,627,500 b. P3,007,500 c. P4,632,500 d. P4,592,500

43. Retained earnings
a. P600,000 b. P565,000 c. P557,000 d. P560,000

44. Treasury stock
a. P10,000 b. P47,500 c. P50,000 d. P0

45. An auditor usually obtains evidence of shareholders’ equity transactions by reviewing
the entity’s
a. Canceled stock certificates.
b. Transfer agent’s records.
c. Treasury stock certificate book.
d. Minutes of board of directors meetings.


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