Download After 3 years... A Review of the Effectiveness of LINUS in English in a Malaysian Primary School PDF

TitleAfter 3 years... A Review of the Effectiveness of LINUS in English in a Malaysian Primary School
File Size1.3 MB
Total Pages158
Table of Contents
                            Acknowledgement
Abstract
List of Tables and Figures
List of Abbreviations
1. Introduction
	1.1 Background of the Problem
	1.2 Problem Statement
	1.3 Purpose of the Study
	1.4 Research Questions
	1.5 Overview of Methodology
	1.6Rationale and Significance
2. Literature Review
	2.1 Definition of terms
		2.1.1 Literacy
		2.1.2 Early literacy skills
		2.1.3 Remedial intervention
	2.2 Issues related to literacy learning and instruction
		2.2.1 Importance of literacy development
		2.1.1 Characteristics of learners
		2.1.2 Language barriers
		2.1.3 Learning environment
	2.3 Early Literacy Skills
		2.3.1 Code-focused skills
		2.3.2 Print awareness
		2.3.3 Oral language
		2.3.4 Writing
	2. 4 Remedial Instruction
		2.4.1 Reading Recovery, United States
		2.4.2 Canada
		2.4.3 Zimbabwe
		2.4.4 Balsakhi Program, Mumbai, India
		2.4.5 Vacation Reading Program, Nigeria
		2.4.6 Competency-based approach, Cameroon
		2.4.7 Literature review in Australia, New Zealand and United States
	2.5 Summary of chapter
3. Methodological and Research Design
	3.1 Methodological Framework
	3.2 Research Design
	3.3 Participant and Sampling Method
		3.3.1 FasiLINUS
		3.3.2 Lower Primary Teachers
		3.3.3 Pupils
	3.4 Data Collection Method
		3.4.1 Interview
		3.4.2 Classroom Observation
		3.4.3 Document Analysis
	3.5 Data Collection Instruments
		3.5.1 Semi-Structured Interviews
		3.5.2 Observation checklist
	3.6 Data Collection Procedure
	3.7 Validity and Reliability
		3.7.1 Trustworthiness of data
		3.7.2 Authenticity
		3.7.3 Dependability
	3.8 Data Analysis Procedure
		3.8.1 Interview
		3.8.2 Observation checklist
		3.8.3 Document analysis
	3.9 Ethical Considerations
4. Findings
	4.1 Research Question 1
	4.2 Research Question 2
		4.2.1 Teaching Context
		4.2.2 Implementation problems
			4.2.2.1 Time constraint
			4.2.2.2 Large class size
			4.2.2.3 Mismatch of module and textbook content
			4.2.2.4 Expectations to achieve KPI
		4.2.3 Assessment
		4.2.3 Remedial lessons
		4.2.4 Teaching Materials
	4.3 Research Question 3
		4.3.1 Standardising teaching practice
		4.3.2 Language exposure
		4.3.2 Material development
		4.3.3 Professional development
5. Discussion, Recommendations and Conclusion
	5.1 Discussion
		5.1.1 Implications for remedial instruction
		5.1.2 Implication for effective assessment
		5.1.3 Implication for professional development
	5.2 Recommendations for future research
	5.3 Conclusion
Reference
6. Appendices
	Appendix 1: Turnitin Report
	Appendix 2: Sample of interview questions
	Appendix 3: Sample of observation checklist
	Appendix 4: Interview transcript
	Appendix 5: Observation checklist data
	Appendix 6: Sample of pupil’s work
	Appendix 7: Sample of permission letter to the headmaster
	Appendix 8: Statement of research
	Appendix 9: Sample of participants’ information sheet
	Appendix 10: Sample consent form
                        

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